York, Pennsylvania

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York, Pennsylvania
Image:York County pa seal.gif
Seal
Nickname: "The White Rose City"
Coordinates: 39°57′46″N, 76°43′41″W
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County York
Incorporated
 - Borough September 24, 1787
 - City January 11, 1887
Mayor John Brenner
Area  
 - City 13.62 km²  (5.26 sq mi)
 - Land 13.48 km²  (5.20 sq mi)
 - Water 0.14 km² (0.06 sq mi)
Population  
 - City (2000) 40,862
 - Density 3,031.75/km² (7,852.20/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Website: http://www.yorkcity.org

York, known as the White Rose City (after the War of the Roses), is a city located in south-central Pennsylvania. The population was 40,862 at the 2000 census. York is the county seat of York CountyGR6 and is located at 39°58′00″N, 76°45′00″W.

Contents

[edit] History

York was founded in 1741 by settlers from the Philadelphia region, and named for the English city of the same name. It was incorporated as a borough on September 24, 1787, and as a city on January 11, 1887. During the American Revolutionary War, York served as the temporary capital of the Continental Congress. The Articles of Confederation were drafted and ratified in York. The Conway Cabal, a political intrigue against General George Washington, had its origins in the Golden Plough tavern in York.

During the American Civil War, York became the largest Northern town to be occupied by the Confederate army when the division of Major General Jubal Anderson Early spent June 28–30, 1863, in and around the town while the brigade of John B. Gordon marched to the Susquehanna River at Wrightsville and back. Major General Early laid York under tribute and collected food, supplies, clothing, shoes, and $28,000 in cash from the citizens and merchants before departing westward per the revised orders of Robert E. Lee. The York U.S. Army General Hospital served thousands of Union soldiers wounded at the battles of Antietam and Gettysburg.

In the Postbellum era, York remained a regional center for local agriculture, but increasingly became an important industrial center, with such industries as steam engines, railroad manufacturing, papermaking, etc. coming to the forefront.

[edit] Today

York is a center for manufacturing of barbells and other equipment for weight training and bodybuilding, and is the home of the USA Weightlifting Hall of Fame.[1] A large Harley-Davidson motorcycle factory, which employs roughly half of Harley's production workforce, is located in York.[2] The popular York Peppermint Pattie candy was originally manufactured in York and is now produced by the nearby Hershey Foods Corporation.[3]

York is also the headquarters of York International, A Johnson Controls Company, one of the largest suppliers of HVAC systems in the United States. On February 2, 1998, a massive explosion at the plant occurred. A spark had set off a leak in the nearby propane storage house. The blast was felt up to 25 miles away, and blew out windows nearby as well as knocking down doors. About 20 people were injured in the blast but only one person was killed, as the explosion fortunately occurred during a shift change.[4][5]

A major regional department store company, The Bon-Ton Stores, Inc., is another corporation headquartered in York. York is home to one of only four Starbucks roasting facilities in the world. [6] The alternative rock band, LIVE, is also from the city of York.[7]

In 2001, York mayor Charlie Robertson was arrested for his part in the 1969 race riot murder of Lillie Belle Allen, a young black woman.[8]

[edit] Geography

York is located at 39°57′46″N, 76°43′41″W (39.962692, -76.728043).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 13.6 km² (5.3 mi²). 13.5 km² (5.2 mi²) of it is land and 0.2 km² (0.1 mi²) of it (1.14%) is water.

[edit] Demographics

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 40,862 people, 16,137 households, and 9,246 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,034.0/km² (7,852.2/mi²). There were 18,534 housing units at an average density of 1,376.2/km² (3,561.6/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 59.75% White, 25.13% African American, 0.42% Native American, 1.40% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 9.40% from other races, and 3.83% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 17.19% of the population.

There were 16,137 households out of which 30.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 31.0% were married couples living together, 20.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.7% were non-families. 33.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.17.

In the city the population was spread out with 28.4% under the age of 18, 11.4% from 18 to 24, 30.1% from 25 to 44, 19.1% from 45 to 64, and 10.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 93.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $26,475, and the median income for a family was $30,762. Males had a median income of $26,792 versus $20,612 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,439. About 20.0% of families and 23.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.8% of those under age 18 and 15.8% of those age 65 or over.

[edit] Culture

York is home to the Strand-Capitol Performing Arts Center, which brings many nationally acclaimed acts to the York area. Recent performers have included Kenny G, Bill Cosby, BB King, Béla Fleck, and George Carlin.[citation needed] The historic Capitol Theatre also features many independent and foreign films, making it the only venue in York (and sometimes the entire Susquehanna Valley) to feature some rare, yet critically acclaimed films. The Strand Studio has also branched out from the recently Renovated Strand-Capitol Performing Arts Center. The Studio offers live music, usually jazz & acoustic, for the community.

It is also home to York College of Pennsylvania, which was originally founded in 1797, and Penn State York.

The historic York Fair, which claims to be the country's oldest[9] traces its roots to 1765. It runs every year in September for 10 days, encompassing an entire week and two weekends. In addition to typical fair attractions, such as rides, games and contests, it also wins regional recognition for hosting many (usually country) musical artists, such as Alabama, Aaron Carter, Gretchen Wilson, Carrie Underwood, Toby Keith, and Lynyrd Skynyrd.[10][11]

[edit] Sports

Team Sport League Championships Venue
York Revolution Baseball Atlantic League of Professional Baseball; South Division 0 Sovereign Bank Stadium

The city of York has only one professional sports team, the York Revolution. After 36 years without professional baseball, the Revolution will arrive to fill the void left by the departed York White Roses. The York Revolution are named after the city's colonial past, when the Continental Congress met in York and passed the Articles of Confederation during the Revolutionary War. The Revolution will continue the old baseball rivalry between York and the nearby city of Lancaster, when the York Revolution start their inaugural season in 2007. The Revolution will play at Sovereign Bank Stadium, currently under construction in York's Arch Street neighborhood. The stadium will feature a plaza and statue in honor of MLB Hall of Fame third baseman Brooks Robinson, a one-time member of the aforementioned White Roses, with whom he made his professional baseball debut in 1955. Robinson currently serves as a special assistant and advisor to York Baseball, the group largely responsible for bringing professional baseball back to York.

Sovereign Bank Stadium will have the distinction of having the tallest wall in baseball once construction is completed. At 37 feet, 8 inches, the left field wall of York's new ballpark will surpass the height of the Green Monster at Fenway Park, the home of the Boston Red Sox.

[edit] Media

The York area is part of the Susquehanna Valley (Harrisburg/Lancaster/Lebanon/York) media market. Of the major television network affiliates in this media market only one, the Fox affiliate WPMT has its base of operations in York. Other stations in the market include NBC Affiliate WGAL, from Lancaster, ABC affiliate WHTM-TV, CBS Affiliate WHP-TV,and CW Affiliate WLYH all from Harrisburg. It is also not uncommon for York residents to receive some stations from the Baltimore, Maryland media market, due to its proximity to the south of York.

A very famous pop music radio station in the area, WSBA AM 910, achieved high ratings in not only York, but also in nearby Harrisburg and Lancaster, during the 60s and 70s. WSBA, now a news-talk station, was well-known for being the flagship station of Susquehanna Broadcasting, which had its corporate offices in York, as well.

York is also unusual in that it supports two daily newspapers, despite its relatively small size. The York Daily Record is published Monday-Saturday mornings and The York Dispatch is published Monday-Friday afternoon. The York Sunday News is York's only Sunday newspaper. The Daily Record currently has the lead in terms of circulations of the daily newspapers.

Speculation has increased that The York Dispatch could cease publication. [12] This is due to a recent swap of newspaper ownership that led to subsequent staff cuts at the Dispatch. The prospect of the Dispatch folding could spark controversy, as both the morning and afternoon newspaper have many loyal readers.

In addition, The Bluebird Songs is a local literary magazine that emphasizes liberal political ideas, primarily in York College and HACC. Recently, The Bluebird Songs released an extremely controversial article describing the staff's lack of interest in Abu Gharib. The chief editor, Hugh Kane, said, "A few soldiers humiliated an beaten less than twenty Iraqi insurgents. [Insurgents] decapitated, mutilated, and assassinated over one thousand American soldiers and Iraqi patriots. We're supposed to sympathize with the insurgents?" The Bluebird Songs discontinued publication in March 2006 after eleven months.

[edit] Transportation

York is served, through public transportation, by Rabbit Transit which operates multiple bus routes in the city and the surrounding suburbs. In 2006 a rabbitEXPRESS bus route was established to transport commuters to Harrisburg and back, making six round trips weekdays. Rabbit Transit has faced similar obstacles to profitability as other public transportation companies in the country have, although it has taken advantage of the recent high gas prices and an active advertising campaign to attract new riders. [13]. In addition to Rabbit Transit the city has a Greyhound bus depot, with non-stop service to Baltimore, Harrisburg and Lancaster, with continuing service on the same line to Washington, DC; Philadelphia, New York City, and Syracuse.

York does not have any commercial airports, although many residents use Baltimore-Washington International (BWI), due to its proximity, when flying in and out of the region. Harrisburg International Airport has become an increasingly popular, and closer alternative to BWI.

[edit] Notable Residents

See also Category:People from York, Pennsylvania

[edit] Trivia

In a twisted Hatfield-and-McCoy transplant from the Old World, the people of York (the White Rose City) and their counterparts in nearby Lancaster (the Red Rose City) are often the butt of each other's jokes. See Wars of the Roses for full explanation of the irony.

The War of the Roses All-Star Game is played in York every year over the weekend of Thanksgiving. The game pits the best high school football players in their senior seasons from the York-Adams League against a similar team from the Lancaster-Lebanon League. As the game only involves seniors and occurs during the first weekend of the PIAA District 3 football playoffs (players on teams which qualify for the playoffs do not participate), it is the final high school football game for each of the participants. Ironically, since the host field of the game is rotated and no York-Adams teams have home fields within the city limits, it doesn't ever occur within the city of York, despite gaining its moniker from the city's nickname.

Preceded by:
Lancaster
Capital of the United States of America
17771778
Succeeded by:
Philadelphia

[edit] External links


Image:Map of Pennsylvania highlighting York County.svg Municipalities and Communities of York County, Pennsylvania
(County Seat: York)
Cities York
Boroughs Cross Roads | Dallastown | Delta | Dillsburg | Dover | East Prospect | Fawn Grove | Felton | Franklintown | Glen Rock | Goldsboro | Hallam | Hanover | Jacobus | Jefferson | Lewisberry | Loganville | Manchester | Mount Wolf | New Freedom | New Salem | North York | Railroad | Red Lion | Seven Valleys | Shrewsbury | Spring Grove | Stewartstown | Wellsville | West York | Windsor | Winterstown | Wrightsville | Yoe | York Haven | Yorkana
Townships Carroll | Chanceford | Codorus | Conewago | Dover | East Hopewell | East Manchester | Fairview | Fawn | Franklin | Heidelberg | Hellam | Hopewell | Jackson | Lower Chanceford | Lower Windsor | Manchester | Manheim | Monaghan | Newberry | North Codorus | North Hopewell | Paradise | Peach Bottom | Penn | Shrewsbury | Spring Garden | Springettsbury | Springfield | Warrington | Washington | West Manchester | West Manheim | Windsor | York
Communities and CDPs East York | Emigsville | Grantley | Parkville | Pennville | Shiloh | Springetts Manor-Yorklyn | Spry | Stonybrook-Wilshire | Susquehanna Trails | Tyler Run-Queens Gate | Valley Green | Valley View | Weigelstown


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York, Pennsylvania

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