Yaoundé

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Yaoundé, Cameroon
Yaoundé, Cameroon
Map of Cameroon showing the location of Yaounde.
Coordinates: e°′E °′E
Province
Area  
 - City km²
Population  
 - City (2005) 1,430,000
 - Urban 1,430,000
  estimated
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+1)

Yaoundé, «yah oon DAY», estimated population 1,430,000 (2004), is the capital city of Cameroon and second largest city in the country after Douala. It lies in the centre of the nation at about 750 metres above sea level. Yaoundé is located at 3°52' North, 11°31' East (3.8667, 11.51667). [1]

Contents

[edit] History

Yaoundé was founded in 1888 by German traders as a base for the ivory trade and an agricultural research station. It was occupied by Belgian troops during World War I and, following the war, became the capital of French Cameroon. It has continued as the capital of the Republic of Cameroon until the present day.

[edit] Economy

Major industries in Yaounde include cigarettes, dairy products, breweries, clay, glass goods, and lumber. Yaoundé is a regional distribution center for coffee, cacao, copra, sugar cane, and rubber.

[edit] Features

The city centre houses government offices, some large (and expensive) hotels, and the central market. The exclusive Bastos neighbourhood is home to foreign embassies, a large expatriate European community (drawn mainly from the diplomatic corps), and luxury houses belonging to the very wealthiest of Cameroonians. Attractions include the Cameroon Art Museum (located in a former Benedictine monastery), the Cameroon National Museum (located in the former presidential palace), and the Afhemi Museum. There is a small zoo in the Mvog-Betsi neighbourhood. The city is also home to an international airport (Nsimalen -NSI-), while railway lines run to Douala and N'Gaoundéré. Many bus companies operate from the city, particularly in the Nsam and Mvan neighborhoods. Frequent express buses run along the unusually well-maintained motorway between Yaounde and Douala.

The city has numerous markets, with the market at Mokolo being one of the biggest. There is also a large supermarket ("Score") situated in the city centre. The national football team plays frequent matches in the Ahmadou Ahidjo (or Omnisport) stadium. Yaoundé is also the site of several universities, including the University of Yaoundé I, University of Yaounde II (on a campus outside of town) and the Catholic University for Central Africa (UCAC). The presidential palace and compound is in the Etoudi neighborhood.

Compared to the hotter, noisier Douala, Yaounde is cooler and somewhat more easy-going, with an excellent selection of nightclubs and restaurants, although the traffic can be a nightmare for the tourist. The city also boasts some unusual and surprisingly modern architecture, particularly with regards to many of the government ministries.

The city is served by Yaoundé Nsimalen International Airport and the nearby Yaoundé Airport is used by the military.

[edit] External Links

Image of Yaounde from Google Earth

Coordinates: 3°52′N 11°31′Eam:ያዉንዴ bg:Яунде ca:Yaoundé da:Yaoundé de:Yaoundé et:Yaoundé es:Yaundé fr:Yaoundé ko:야운데 hy:Յաունդե io:Yaounde id:Yaoundé it:Yaoundé he:יאונדה sw:Yaounde lt:Jaundė mk:Јаунде nl:Yaoundé ja:ヤウンデ no:Yaoundé pl:Jaunde pt:Yaoundé ru:Яунде sk:Yaoundé fi:Yaoundé sv:Yaoundé tr:Yaounde vo:Yaoundé zh:雅温得

Yaoundé

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