Learn more about Woolwich
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|OS grid reference:||TQ435795|
|County level:||Greater London|
|Sovereign state:||United Kingdom|
|Ceremonial county:||Greater London|
|Police force:||Metropolitan Police|
|Fire brigade:||London Fire Brigade|
|Ambulance service:||London Ambulance|
|Post office and telephone|
|UK Parliament:||Greenwich and Woolwich|
|London Assembly:||Greenwich and Lewisham|
|London | List of places in London|
Woolwich ['wʊlɪtʃ] is a suburb in south-east London, England in the London Borough of Greenwich, on the south side of the River Thames, though the tiny exclave of North Woolwich (which is now part of the London Borough of Newham) is on the north side of the river.
It is notable as a river crossing point, having the Woolwich Ferry (and the lesser-known Woolwich foot tunnel) to North Woolwich, and as the one-time home of the Woolwich Building Society (now relocated in Bexleyheath and owned by Barclays Bank). River boat services operate five days a week to central London (Savoy Pier) from a new pier erected next to the former Arsenal.
Its history is strongly associated with Britain's military past. It was home to the Woolwich Dockyard (founded in 1512), the Royal Arsenal (dating back to 1671), the Royal Military Academy (1741) and the Royal Horse Artillery (1793); it still retains an army base at the Royal Artillery Barracks, and the Royal Artillery Museum.
Football club Arsenal F.C. was founded in Woolwich in 1886 by workers at the Arsenal - the club was initially known as Dial Square, then Royal Arsenal and then became Woolwich Arsenal in 1891. It moved to Highbury in north London in 1913, and dropped the Woolwich prefix the following year.
Woolwich Polytechnic, founded in 1892, after merging with other colleges, became Thames Polytechnic in 1970. In 1992 it was granted university status as the University of Greenwich. In 2000, the University began a relocation to the Old Royal Naval College, several miles to the west in Greenwich town centre, leaving only an administrative presence in Woolwich. It is home to the United Kingdom's first McDonald's (the 3,000th in the world), which opened in 1974.
 Recent development
The town centre is starting to enjoy a small renaissance as the old Royal Arsenal site is redeveloped, other developments are planned and the Docklands Light Railway extension is under construction. Several high street chains previously absent from Woolwich have started to arrive or return and longer established shops have been refurbished. Massive redevelopment of the area around Love Lane is in the final stages of consultation. It would see the demolition of most of the buildings in the area (including the Post Office, Peggy Middleton House and Thomas Spencer Halls of Residence) and the building of a massive development of housing, local shops and a large Tesco. A tall residential tower block is planned for General Gordon Square. There are concerns from some local residents over the design of the development.
Planning for further development around the "Woolwich Triangle" area at the other end of town is in the early stages. This development is notable because it includes plans to demolish the old art deco Co-Op building at the west end of Powis Street.
The 2012 Summer Olympics will include Woolwich as a venue for shooting events. This combined with the optimistic redevelopment of much of Woolwich has led house prices to rise quite rapidly.
Woolwich was used as a location for the 2006 movie Children of Men.
 Famous residents
- Hubert Bland, early socialist and co-founder of the Fabian Society, was born in Wood Street, now Wood Hill in 1855.
- Tom Cribb, English bare-knuckle boxing champion in the early 19th century, retired to, died, and was buried (1848) in Woolwich.
- General Charles George Gordon of Khartoum was born at 29 Woolwich Common and educated at the Royal Military Academy.
- John Henry Hayes, politician, was born in Woolwich.
- Richard Lovelace, poet.
- Henry Maudslay, engineer and tool-maker, was born in Salutation Alley (now demolished) and buried in the parish churchyard.
- Diarist Samuel Pepys lodged in Woolwich during 1665 to escape the Great Plague of London.
- Oswald Hope Robertson, the medical pioneer who invented blood banks, was born in Woolwich in 1886.
- David Sheppard, former England cricket captain, was bishop of Woolwich from 1969 to 1975.
- Ian Wright, the Arsenal footballer and later a television personality, was born and raised in Woolwich.
- Scott Maslen, actor who plays DC Phil Hunter in ITV's The Bill, was born and raised in Woolwich.
- Julius Francis , heavyweight boxer who fought Mike Tyson in January 2000
- Thomas Paine, author of the Rights of Man and The Age of Reason, spent a short time living in Woolwich.
Nearest tube station:
Nearest railway stations:
- Woolwich Arsenal railway station
- Woolwich Dockyard railway station
- Plumstead railway station
- North Woolwich railway station
A new Docklands Light Railway station is under construction next to the existing Woolwich Arsenal railway station.
The free Woolwich Ferryna b allow her man and go out with Tessa init LOL!and pedestrians during the day until 8pm on Weekdays. A two boat service runs on Mondays to Saturdays and Sundays only has a one boat service. Woolwich foot tunnel is also available for use by pedestrians at any time. It is served by lifts during traditional shopping hours. The Thames flood barrier is located a mile upstream from the tunnel and ferry.
 See also
- Royal Ordnance Factory
- Princess Alice - a passenger steamer sunk off North Woolwich pier on3 September 1878 (a memorial to those lost can be found in Woolwich Old Cemetery, Kings Highway, Plumstead)
 External links
|Section 15:||Capital Ring Walking Route||Section 1:|