Weill Medical College of Cornell University
Learn more about Weill Medical College of Cornell University
|Dean||Dr. Antonio Gotto|
|Location||New York, New York, USA|
The Joan and Sanford I. Weill Medical College of Cornell University (abbreviated to Weill Cornell) is the medical school and biomedical research unit of Cornell University. It is a highly ranked medical college. The admissions percentage of the medical college is one of the lowest in the nation, at 4.3%.<ref>Template:Cite web</ref>
Cornell University Medical College was founded April 14, 1898 with an endowment by Col. Oliver H. Payne. It was established in New York City because Ithaca, where the main campus is located, was deemed too small to offer adequate clinical training opportunities. It was one of the first medical schools to admit women alongside men.
A branch of the school operated in Stimson Hall on the main campus. The two-year Ithaca course paralleled the first two years of the New York City school. It closed in 1938 due to declining enrollment.<ref name="History">Template:Cite web</ref>
In 1927, William Payne Whitney's $27 million donation led to the building of the Payne Whitney Psychiatric Clinic, which became the name for Cornell's large psychiatric effort. That same year, the college became affiliated with New York Hospital and the two institutions moved to their current joint campus in 1932. The hospital's Training School for Nurses became affiliated with the university in 1942, operating as the Cornell Nursing School until it closed in 1979.<ref name="History" />
In 1998, Cornell University Medical College's affiliate hospital, New York Hospital, merged with Presbyterian Hospital (the affiliate hospital for Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons). The combined institution operates today as NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital. Despite the clinical alliance, the faculty and instructional functions of the Cornell and Columbia units remain distinct and independent. Multiple fellowships and clinical programs have merged, however, and the institutions are continuing in their efforts to bring together departments might enhance academic efforts, reduce costs, or increase public recognition. All hospitals in the NewYork-Presbyterian Healthcare System are affiliated with one of the two colleges.
Also in 1998, the medical college was renamed as Weill Medical College of Cornell University after receiving a substantial endowment from Sanford I. Weill, then Chairman of Citigroup.<ref name="History" />
While similar to other elite medical schools, Weill Cornell is different in some important respects. Problem-based learning is emphasized more thoroughly than at perhaps any other school. Cornell recruits the highest percentage of underrepresented minorities of any non-minority medical school. Over half of the medical students do international clinical rotations. The Tri-Institutional MD-PhD Program relies upon not only the faculty and resources of Cornell but on Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center and Rockefeller University, both of which lie adjacent to the Cornell campus.
Weill Cornell's administrative connections are complex. Its teaching hospital is New York-Presbyterian Hospital, which has two medical centers: NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center and NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital/Columbia University Medical Center. Unlike many similar efforts, the Hospital merger has not only led to the reduction of administrative redundancy but has strengthened academic programs on both campuses.
In addition to its affiliations with NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Sloan-Kettering Institute, and Rockefeller University, Weill Cornell is the academic center for the Hospital for Special Surgery, which lies across the street and the The Methodist Hospital in Houston, a hospital which had been — until 2004 — the primary private teaching hospital for Baylor College of Medicine.
Weill Cornell has also opened the first American medical school to be located outside of U.S. borders. The Weill Cornell Medical College in Qatar opened for instruction in 2004. Its facilities are found in Education City, Qatar near Doha. The Qatar campus offers a six-year integrated medical education program primarily focused on patient care.
NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital is a member of the Planetree Alliance, a nonprofit association of health-care institutions set up to promote practices to make patients less intimidated and more comfortable with the health care they receive.
 Notable alumni
- See also: List of Cornell University people
- Robert C. Atkins (M.D. '55) The Atkins Diet
- Anthony Fauci (M.D. '66) - Director, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease at the National Institutes of Health
- Wilson Greatbatch (B.E.E. '50) - inventor of the cardiac pacemaker
- Henry Heimlich (M.D. '43) - promoter of the abdominal thrust (Heimlich maneuver)
- Robert W. Holley (Ph.D. '47) - co-recipient of the 1968 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for describing the genetic code and how it operates in protein synthesis.
- C. Everett Koop (M.D. '41) - former Surgeon General
- Benjamin Spock (Residency in pediatrics, '31, and in psychiatry '33) - author, The Common Sense Book of Baby and Child Care.
- Henry Masur (M.D.'72, Internship, Residency Internal Medicine) - First description of AIDS in New England Journal of Medicine; described New York City patient cohort; article appeared with matching article from a group describing a similar cohort in San Francisco.
 See also
 External links
- Weill Cornell Medical College
- Weill Cornell Medical College in Qatar
- Cornell/Rockefeller/Sloan-Kettering Tri-Institutional MD/PhD Program
- New York-Presbyterian Hospital
- The Methodist Hospital, Houston