Wayne County, New York

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Wayne County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. As of 2000, the population was 93,765. The county seat is Lyons. The name is in honor of General Anthony Wayne, who fought the Indian tribes and won a victory, leading to a 1794 treaty that assured western New York State to the United States of America.

Contents

[edit] History

When counties were established in New York State in 1683, the present Wayne County was part of Albany County. This was an enormous county, including the northern part of New York State as well as all of the present State of Vermont and, in theory, extending westward to the Pacific Ocean. This county was reduced in size on July 3, 1766 by the creation of Cumberland County, and further on March 16, 1770 by the creation of Gloucester County, both containing territory now in Vermont.

On March 12, 1772, what was left of Albany County was split into three parts, one remaining under the name Albany County. One of the other pieces, Tryon County, contained the western portion (and thus, since no western boundary was specified, theoretically still extended west to the Pacific). The eastern boundary of Tryon County was approximately five miles west of the present city of Schenectady, and the county included the western part of the Adirondack Mountains and the area west of the West Branch of the Delaware River. The area then designated as Tryon County now includes 37 counties of New York State. The county was named for William Tryon, colonial governor of New York.

In the years prior to 1776, most of the Loyalists in Tryon County fled to Canada. In 1784, following the peace treaty that ended the American Revolutionary War, the name of Tryon County was changed to Montgomery County in honor of the general, Richard Montgomery, who had captured several places in Canada and died attempting to capture the city of Quebec, replacing the name of the hated British governor.

In 1789, Montgomery County was reduced in size by the splitting off of Ontario County. The actual area split off from Montgomery County was much larger than the present county, also including the present Allegany, Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Erie, Genesee, Livingston, Monroe, Niagara, Orleans, Steuben, Wyoming, Yates, and part of Schuyler and Wayne Counties.

Herkimer County was one of three counties split off from Montgomery County (the others being Otsego and Tioga Counties) in 1791.

Onondaga County was formed in 1794 by the splitting of Herkimer County.

Cayuga County was formed in 1799 by the splitting of Onondaga County. This county was, however, much larger than the present Cayuga County. It then included the present Seneca and Tompkins Counties and part of Wayne County.

In 1804, Seneca County was formed by the splitting of Cayuga County. In 1817, Seneca County was reduced in size by combining portions of Seneca and the remainder of Cayuga County to form Tompkins County.

In 1823, Wayne County was formed by combining portions of Seneca and Ontario Counties.

Two small skirmishes were fought in the county during the War of 1812: one in Sodus and the other in Williamson.

[edit] Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,585 km² (1,384 mi²). 1,565 km² (604 mi²) of it is land and 2,020 km² (780 mi²) of it (56.35%) is water.

Wayne County is in the western part of New York State, east of Rochester and northwest of Syracuse, on the south shore of Lake Ontario. Sodus Bay is located on the north shoreline of the county.

The Clinton Formation, a band of red hematite across the county, led to a thriving iron industry during the 19th Century. Furnaces were located in the Towns of Ontario and Wolcott.

[edit] Adjacent Counties

[edit] Demographics

As of the census² of 2000, there were 93,765 people, 34,908 households, and 25,063 families residing in the county. The population density was 60/km² (155/mi²). There were 38,767 housing units at an average density of 25/km² (64/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.80% White, 3.25% African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.87% from other races, and 1.34% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.41% of the population.

There were 34,908 households out of which 36.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.70% were married couples living together, 10.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.20% were non-families. 22.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.08.

In the county the population was spread out with 27.40% under the age of 18, 6.80% from 18 to 24, 30.10% from 25 to 44, 23.50% from 45 to 64, and 12.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 98.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $44,157, and the median income for a family was $51,495. Males had a median income of $36,825 versus $26,470 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,258. About 6.00% of families and 8.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.70% of those under age 18 and 9.40% of those age 65 or over.

[edit] Cities and towns

[edit] Adjacent counties and areas

The northern boundary is Lake Ontario with Canada on the opposite shore. The western boundary is Monroe County, and the eastern boundary is Cayuga County. The south boundary is shared with Ontario and Seneca Counties.

[edit] External links

Image:Flag of New York.svg State of New York
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de:Wayne County (New York)

eo:Wayne County pl:Hrabstwo Wayne (Nowy Jork) pt:Condado de Wayne (Nova Iorque) zh:韋恩縣 (紐約州)

Wayne County, New York

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