Waterloo station

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Image:Waterloo logo.gif London Waterloo (Main)
Image:VEP Sign Waterloo.jpg
Location
Place South Bank
Local authority London Borough of Lambeth
Operations
Managed by Network Rail
Platforms in use 19
National Rail
Station code WAT
Annual entry/exit
62.388 million *
Transport for London
Zone 1
History
1848
1994
Opened
Start of international services

Transport for London
List of London stations: Underground | National Rail
* based on sales of tickets in 2004/05 financial year which end or originate at this station. Disclaimer (PDF)
BR Portal

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London Waterloo is a major railway station and transport interchange complex in London, England. It is located in the London Borough of Lambeth, near to the South Bank. The complex comprises four linked railway stations and a bus station. The whole complex is within Travelcard Zone 1.

Contents

[edit] Naming

It is named after the Battle of Waterloo in which Napoleon was defeated near Brussels. Somewhat ironically, it is now London's gateway for train passengers from France and Belgium. In 1998, French politician Florent Longuepée wrote to British Prime Minister Tony Blair demanding unsuccessfully that the station be renamed on the grounds that the name is insensitive to French visitors. [1]

[edit] Waterloo mainline station

Image:Waterloo station - 1948 poster.jpg
A 1948 poster showing the main concourse.

The original mainline Waterloo Station was opened on 11 July 1848 by the London and South Western Railway (L&SWR). It was first laid out as a through station with the original (unrealised) intention of running mainline trains to the City. The station became increasingly ramshackle and cluttered as the 19th century went on, until the decision was taken to tear the whole thing down and begin again. Construction began on the new station in 1900 and continued until 1922, with the new station boasting 21 platforms and a concourse nearly 800 feet (244 m) long. However, it was badly damaged during World War II and required considerable reconstruction thereafter. [citation needed]

Following the privatisation of British Rail in the 1990s, ownership and management of Waterloo was transferred to Railtrack, and subsequently to Network Rail. Trains run to the south-west of England and are mostly operated by South West Trains.

The station is linked to the South Bank by an elevated walkway. It was once possible to walk directly by elevated walkways and footbridges all the way from the concourse of Waterloo to that of Charing Cross railway station on the north side of the River Thames, but the demolition of part of the Waterloo walkway and the reconstruction of the Hungerford Footbridge means that that is no longer possible.

One now-vanished curiosity of Waterloo is that it was originally the terminus for London's daily funeral express to Brookwood Cemetery. Funerary trains bearing coffins (at 2/6 each - singles, naturally) left from the 'Necropolis Station' just outside the main station. The Necropolis Station was almost completely destroyed during World War II.<ref>http://www.historyplace.com/specials/clarke.htm</ref>

There is a large four faced clock hanging in the middle of the main concourse. Meeting "under the clock at Waterloo station" was a traditional rendezvous for people planning to travel together or arriving from separate locations. [citation needed]

Left luggage service is available between platforms 11 and 12. The charge per item is six pounds for 24 hours. [citation needed] Waterloo is one of three rail termini in London not to have either a direct connection, or a connection within easy walking distance, to the Circle Line (the others are London Bridge and Marylebone).

Preceding station National Rail Following station
Terminus   South West Trains   Vauxhall
 

[edit] Waterloo International

Waterloo International
Image:Waterloo international.jpg
Location
Place South Bank
Local authority London Borough of Lambeth
Operations
Managed by Eurostar
Platforms in use 5
Transport for London
Zone 1
History
1994
2007
Opened
Planned to close

Transport for London
List of London stations: Underground | National Rail

Waterloo International station adjoins Waterloo mainline station and has its own two-level concourse and train shed. It is the current London terminus for Eurostar trains to Belgium and France. The station is managed by Eurostar.

It was built in the early 1990s at a cost of £130 million[2] to a design by the architects Nicholas Grimshaw & Partners. The station was widely praised for its architecture, and won a variety of awards on its opening in 1994. Its most impressive feature is a 400 m-long glass canopy consisting of 37 prismatic, three-pinned bowstring arches of varying spans, designed by Anthony Hunt Associates.

From 14 November 2007, after the Channel Tunnel Rail Link is completed, Eurostar trains will terminate at St Pancras station thus making Waterloo International redundant. It will then revert to the ownership of the Department for Transport who will determine how it is to be used in the future.

Options being considered include converting it to offices and a shopping centre or converting it for use by South West Trains for its long-distance services to Weymouth and other regional routes. This would, however, involve considerable remodelling and reconstruction of the rail approaches to the station, and while South West Trains supports in principle the use of the terminal for its own services after Eurostar has left it, the costs associated with this option are a significant deterrent. However, at the present time, Government proposals do indicate a willingness to convert these platforms. [3]

Preceding station National Rail Following station
Terminus   Eurostar   Ashford International
 

[edit] Waterloo East

Waterloo East is an adjoining station to Waterloo. It is connected via a footbridge and therefore forms as an interchange with trains to the South Coast and Kent. It is however classed as a separate station. It is operated by Southeastern.

Preceding station National Rail Following station
London Charing Cross   Southeastern   London Bridge
  Southern  

[edit] Waterloo Underground station

Waterloo Underground
Image:Gb-lu-waterloo-bilingual.jpg
Location
Place South Bank
Local authority London Borough of Lambeth
Operations
Managed by London Underground
Platforms in use 8
Transport for London
Zone 1
Annual entry/exit 68.427 million †
History
1898
1906
1926
1999
W&CR opened station
BS&WR started
Northern Line started
Jubilee Line started

Transport for London
List of London stations: Underground | National Rail
† Data from Transport for London [4]

Waterloo tube station is a London Underground station. It is on the Bakerloo Line between Lambeth North and Embankment, the Jubilee Line between Westminster and Southwark, the Northern Line between Kennington and Embankment, and the Waterloo & City Line leading to Bank.

The first underground station at Waterloo was opened on 8 August 1898 by the Waterloo & City Railway (W&CR) a subsidiary of the L&SWR. By doing so the W&CR, nicknamed "the Drain", achieved in a limited way the L&SWR's original plan of taking its tracks the short distance north-east into the City. The Baker Street and Waterloo Railway (BS&WR, now the Bakerloo Line) started serving Waterloo on 10 March 1906. On 13 September 1926, the extension of the Hampstead and Highgate Line (as the Charing Cross branch of the Northern Line was then known) was opened from Embankment to the existing City & South London Railway station Kennington with a new station at Waterloo.

The Jubilee Line station opened on 20 November 1999 as part of the Jubilee Line Extension project. The Jubilee platforms are at the opposite end of the site from those of the Bakerloo and Northern lines, but the two ends are connected by a 140 m (460 ft) moving walkway link - one of only two on the Underground. (The other is at the Waterloo & City Line at Bank.)

Waterloo station and the Waterloo Underground station are the setting for the classic Kinks song 'Waterloo Sunset'.

Image:Waterloo travelator.jpg
The Jubilee side of Waterloo Underground Station
Preceding station Underground Lines Following station
Embankment   Bakerloo Line   Lambeth North
  Northern Line
(Charing Cross branch)
  Kennington
Terminus   Waterloo & City Line   Bank
Westminster   Jubilee Line   Southwark

[edit] Waterloo Pier

River services operate from Waterloo Pier next to the London Eye.

Preceding Pier London River Services Following Pier
Embankment Pier   Catamaran Cruisers   Terminus
Bankside Pier   Catamaran Cruisers  
Bankside Pier   Tate to Tate   Millbank Pier
St Katharine's Pier   London Eye to Tower   Terminus
Westminster Pier   Tower and Greenwich   Tower Pier

[edit] External links

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[edit] References

<references/>

Railway stations of London
Central area | Greater London
Managed by Network Rail: Cannon StreetCharing CrossEustonFenchurch StreetKing's CrossLiverpool StreetLondon BridgePaddingtonVictoriaWaterloo
Managed by train operator: BlackfriarsMaryleboneMoorgateSt Pancras
de:Bahnhof Waterloo

fr:Gare de Waterloo fr:Waterloo (métro de Londres) pl:Waterloo station pt:Estação Waterloo fi:Waterloon rautatieasema

Waterloo station

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