WNYC

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WNYC <tr><td colspan="2" style="text-align: center;">Image:WNYC logo.jpg</td></tr><tr><th>Broadcast area</th><td>New York City</td></tr><tr><th>Branding</th><td>New York Public Radio</td></tr><tr><th>First air date</th><td>1924</td></tr><tr><th>Frequency</th><td>93.9 FM (MHz)
820 AM (kHz)
93.9-2 FM (WNYC2 - Classical) (HD Radio)
93.9-3 FM (WNYC3 - 820 AM Simulcast) (HD Radio)</td></tr>
Format Public Radio

<tr><th>ERP</th><td>6000 watts
10.0 kilowatts</td></tr><tr><th>Class</th><td>B
B</td></tr><tr><th>Callsign meaning</th><td>W New York City</td></tr>

Owner WNYC Radio

<tr><th>Website</th><td>http://www.wnyc.org</td></tr>

WNYC (93.9 FM and 820 AM) is a public radio station in New York City. Broadcasting from lower Manhattan, it is the flagship station of National Public Radio in the region and carries a mixed news and freeform music format on two radio frequencies. The station is known for its nationally-syndicated news and culture programming and its Internet radio broadcasts. WNYC reaches more than one million listeners each week and has the largest public radio audience in the United States.

Contents

[edit] Programming

WNYC produces 100 hours a week of its own programming, including nationally-syndicated shows like Studio 360, On the Media, Radio Lab, and Soundcheck, as well local news and interview shows like The Leonard Lopate Show and The Brian Lehrer Show. Because the entire schedule is streamed on the internet, the local shows can be heard almost live throughout the nation and those shows have received calls from far flung states. It has a local news team of 18 journalists. Main article Studio 360 Studio 360 is a weekly one hour program about arts and culture hosted by Kurt Andersen, the former editor of Spy Magazine. Taking current issues and trends as jumping-off points, the show explores a broad range of cultural ideas. Each program begins with a topical section of stories about the arts and culture from around the United States and around the world. Main article On the media On The Media is a weekly one hour program hosted by Brooke Gladstone and Bob Garfield of Advertising Age covering the media and its effect on American culture and society. Many stories investigate how events of the past week were covered. Stories also regularly cover such topics as video news releases, net neutrality, media consolidation, censorship, freedom of the press, spin, and how the media is changing with technology.

The Brian Lehrer Show a is a two-hour weekday talk show covering local and national current events and social issues hosted by Brian Lehrer, a former anchor and reporter for NBC Radio Network.

The Leonard Lopate Show Main article The Leonard Lopate Show a two-hour weekday talk show hosted by Lenoard Lopate, a painter who studied with Ad Reinhardt and Mark Rothko and the brother of writer Phillip Lopate. The show covers a broad range of topics including jazz and gospel music, literature, science and history.

WNYC broadcasts the major daily news programs produced by National Public Radio, including Morning Edition and All Things Considered, as well as the BBC World Service and programs from Public Radio International like This American Life and A Prairie Home Companion. Other NPR, PRI and public radio programming not broadcast on WNYC is often broadcast on WNYE, and on the net.

The station airs many long-running cultural and music programs, including Folksong Festival on Saturday nights that has survived battles with mayors and blacklists. Hosted by Oscar Brand, who debuted the show on December 10, 1945, and who was blacklasted in the McCarthy era, the show was one of the first radio programs in the United States to focus on issues of homosexuality and continues to shake up audiences with anti-American Revolution programs, "bad daddy" shows for Father's Day, "Evil Mothers" for Mother's Day, and more. Bob Dylan, Joan Baez, Woody Guthrie, Arlo Guthrie, Huddie Ledbetter, and Pete Seeger all made their debuts on the show.

In 2006 the station began WNYC2, an all-classical music channel broadcast on High Definition radio and the internet. The station's AM and FM channels carry primarily news and information programming on weekdays but maintain different broadcast schedules. The FM signal broadcasts musical programming after 7pm.

Locally-produced programs include:

  • Big Band Sounds - music from the 1920's to the 1950's
  • Concerts from the Frick Collection - New York debuts of nationally and internationally acclaimed classical musicians in partnership with the Frick Collection
  • Evening Music with David Garland/Margaret Juntwait - draws from the full history of classical music, sometimes emphasizing a particular composer, instrument, or compositional approach
  • Folksong Festival - devoted to the traditional and contemporary folksong
  • The Infinite Mind - examines scientific, existential, and social issues concering the human mind with brain researcher Dr. Fred Goodwin
  • Jonathan Schwartz - American Popular Standards, classical music, rock, and jazz
  • Mad About Music - explores the emotional power of music on the lives of celebrities through interviews and hand-picked recordings
  • New Sounds - guest musicians from David Byrne to Meredith Monk to Ravi Shankar, presents performances and premieres new works from the classic and operatic to folk and jazz
  • The No Show - features music, satire, news commentary and comedy with Steve Post
  • Radio Lab - each episode is a patchwork of people, sounds, stories and experiences centered around one idea
  • Selected Shorts - actors read contemporary and classic short fiction, ranging from Chekhov, Maupassant, Malamud, and Singer, to Jhumpa Lahiri and Jonathan Franzen
  • Soundcheck - daily talk show about music covering all musical genres, the show focuses on the musical passions of performers, composers, and critics as well as the public radio audience
  • Spinning On Air - specalizes in unusual, uncategorizeable music, with an emphasis on in-studio performances

[edit] Listenership

The station, comprising WNYC 93.9 FM and WNYC AM 820, is the most-listened to commercial or non-commercial radio station in Manhattan. It ranks 13th citywide, however, in competition with salsa, hip-hop and light FM, according to the radio ratings service Arbitron. WNYC had 99,378 members in 2006, up from 78,866 in 2001, and reaches more than one million unique listeners each week, the largest audience of any public radio station in the United States. In 2005 the station won the RRC Ralph Award from the Radio Research Consortium, an organization that analyzes non-commercial radio audience data, as the non-commercial station with the best audience growth in the United States over a five-year average.

WNYC has embraced podcasting and has 600,000 listeners on the Internet. It also puts the shows it produces on satellite radio.

[edit] History

Established on June 2, 1922, the AM station is one of the oldest in the United States. It first began broadcasting on 570 AM with a second-hand transmitter shipped from Brazil. The FM station was added in 1943. Both stations were established and owned by the City of New York until 1997, when they were bought by private citizens through the newly-formed independent WNYC Foundation to continue the public radio mission of the stations.

Image:Municipal Building.jpg
WNYC's studios have been in the Manhattan Municipal Building, which also houses city agencies, since 1922.

WNYC radio personalities include Margaret Juntwait, an announcer and classical music host at WNYC for 15 years who left for the Metropolitan Opera in September 2006. She is now the announcer for the Met's Saturday Afternoon Radio Broadcasts and is only the third regular announcer of the long-standing broadcast series launched in 1931, and is also the first woman to hold the position. John Schaefer, a music show host at WNYC for 20 years, has written liner notes for more than 100 albums, for everyone from Yo-Yo Ma to Terry Riley and was named a "New York inflential" by New York Magazine.

[edit] Early years

WNYC's history has been pioneering. H. V. Kaltenborn hosted radio's first quiz program on WNYC in 1926, The Current Events Bee, a forerunner to shows like National Public Radio's Wait Wait... Don't Tell Me! In its early years the station lacked funds for a record library and would borrow albums from record stores around the Municipal Building, where its studios were located. A listener began loaning classical records to the station and in 1929, WNYC began broadcast of Masterwork Hour, radio's first program of recorded classical music. Mayor Fiorello H. La Guardia made use of the station every Sunday in his Talk to the People program.

[edit] Great Depression and World War II

The station's transmitter was moved in 1936 as part of a WPA project and the next year the Municipal Broadcasting System was created. Under the leadership of its director, Morris Novik, WNYC became a model public broadcaster. Among its many landmark programs was The American Music Festival. On December 7th, 1941 WNYC was the first radio station in the United States to announce the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.

[edit] Independence from the City

The station's ownership by the city meant that it was occasionally subject to the whims of various mayors. As part of a crackdown on prostitution in the 1980s, Mayor Ed Koch tried to use WNYC to broadcast the names of "johns" arrested for soliciting. Announcers threatened a walkout and station management refused to comply with the idea; after one broadcast the idea was abandoned.

In 1997 the City of New York sold WNYC to the nonprofit WNYC Foundation. This put an end to the occasional political intrusions of the past. The station's listenership and budget have continued to grow rapidly in recent years.

[edit] September 11, 2001

The terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 destroyed WNYC's FM transmitter atop the World Trade Center. The station's studios, in the nearby Municipal Building, had to be evacuated and station staff could not return to their offices for three weeks. The FM signal was knocked off the air for a time. WNYC temporarily moved its offices to the studios at National Public Radio's New York bureau in midtown Manhattan, where it broadcast on its still operating AM signal transmitting from a tower in New Jersey and by a live Internet stream. The station eventually returned to the Municipal Building.

[edit] Move to new studios

In 2007 WNYC will move from its 51,400 square feet of rent-free space scattered on eight floors of the Municipal Building to a new location at 160 Varick Street near the Holland Tunnel. The station will occupy two and a half floors of a 12-story former printing building.

The new offices will have 12-foot ceilings and 71,900 square feet of space. The number of recording studios and booths will double, to 31. There will be a new 140-seat, street-level studio for live broadcasts, concerts and public forums and an expansion of the newsroom for a capacity of up to 40 journalists.

Renovation, construction, rent and operating costs for the new Varick Street location will amount to $45 million. In addition to raising these funds, WNYC will be raising money for a one-time fund of $12.5 million to cover the cost of creating 40 more hours of new programming and three new shows. The total cost of $57.5 million for both the move and programming is nearly three times the $20 million the station had to raise over seven years to buy its licenses from the City in 1997.[1]

[edit] See also

[edit] External links


AM radio stations in the New York market (Arbitron #1)
By area
<center>New York City
(Arbitron #1)
<center>570 | 660 | 710 | 770 | 820 | 880 | 1010 | 1050 | 1130 | 1190 | 1280 | 1330 | 1380 | 1450 | 1480 | 1560 | 1600
<center>Long Island
(Arbitron #18)
<center>540 | 1100 | 1240 | 1520 | (See also: Long Island Radio)
<center>New Jersey
(Middlesex-Somerset-Union)
(Arbitron #39)
<center>620 | 930 | 970 | 1160 | 1250 | 1430 | 1530 | 1660 | (See also: Middlesex Radio)
<center>Connecticut
(Bridgeport and Stamford-Norwalk)

(Arbitron #121 and 145)
<center>600 | 1400 | (See also: Bridgeport Radio and Stamford-Norwalk Radio)
<center>Upstate New York
(Poughkeepsie)

(Arbitron #163)
<center>1230 | 1460 | (See also: Poughkeepsie Radio)
<center>By callsign
<center>Operating stations <center>WABC | WADO | WBBR | WCBS | WCTC |WEPN | WFAN | WICC | WINS | WKDM | WLIB | WLIE | WMCA | WNSW | WNYC | WOR | WPAT | WQEW | WSNR | WWDJ | WWRL | WWRU | WWRV | WZRC
<center>Defunct stations <center>WNBC
<center>Other New York (state) markets <center>
New York State Radio Markets
Albany (AM) (FM) · Binghamton · Buffalo (AM) (FM) · Elmira-Corning · Ithaca · Long Island</small>
New York City (AM) (FM) · Newburgh-Middletown · Olean · Plattsburgh · Poughkeepsie · Riverhead</small>
Rochester (AM) (FM) · Saratoga · Syracuse (AM) (FM) · Utica (AM) (FM) · Watertown</small>
See also: List of radio stations in New York and List of United States radio markets

</div>

See also: New York (FM) (AM)

</div>


FM radio stations in the New York market (Arbitron #1)
By area
<center>New York City
(Arbitron #1)
<center>88.9 | 89.1 | 89.9 | 90.3 | 90.3 | 90.7 | 91.5 | 92.1 | 92.3 | 93.9 | 94.3 | 95.3 | 95.5 | 96.3 | 97.1 | 97.5 | 97.9 | 98.7 | 99.5 | 101.1 | 101.5 | 101.9 | 102.3 | 102.7 | 104.3 | 105.1 | 105.5 | 106.1 | 106.7 | 107.5
<center>Long Island
(Arbitron #18)
<center>88.1 | 88.7 | 90.1 | 90.3 | 92.7 | 98.3 | 103.1 | 103.5 | 103.9 | 107.1 | (See also: Long Island Radio)
<center>New Jersey
(Middlesex-Somerset-Union)
(Arbitron #39)
<center>88.3 | 89.1 | 89.5 | 91.1 | 93.1 | 94.7 | 98.3 | 99.1 | 100.3 | 103.1 | 105.9 | 107.1 | (See also: Middlesex Radio)
<center>Connecticut
(Bridgeport and Stamford-Norwalk)

(Arbitron #121 and 145)
<center>88.5 | 95.1 | 95.9 | 96.7 | (See also: Bridgeport Radio and Stamford-Norwalk Radio)
<center>Upstate New York
(Poughkeepsie)

(Arbitron #163)
<center>93.5 | 100.7 | 103.9 | 107.1 | (See also: Poughkeepsie Radio)
<center>By callsign
<center>Operating stations <center>WALK | WAWZ | WAXQ | WBAB | WBAI | WBGO | WBLI | WBLS | WBZO | WCAA | WCBS | WCTZ | WCWP | WDHA | WFAS | WFDU | WFME | WFMU | WFNY | WFUV | WHCR | WHFM | WHPC | WHTZ | WHUD | WKCR | WKJY | WKRB | WKTU | WKXW | WLIR | WLNG | WLTW | WMGQ | WMJC | WNEW | WNYC | WNYE | WNYU | WPAT | WPLJ | WQCD | WQHT | WQXR | WRCN | WRDR | WRKS | WRHU | WSIA | WSOU | WSKQ | WUSB | WVIP |WWPR | WWZY | WXPK | WZAA
<center>Defunct stations <center>WNBC | WPIX | WYNY
<center>Other New York (state) markets <center>
New York State Radio Markets
Albany (AM) (FM) · Binghamton · Buffalo (AM) (FM) · Elmira-Corning · Ithaca · Long Island</small>
New York City (AM) (FM) · Newburgh-Middletown · Olean · Plattsburgh · Poughkeepsie · Riverhead</small>
Rochester (AM) (FM) · Saratoga · Syracuse (AM) (FM) · Utica (AM) (FM) · Watertown</small>
See also: List of radio stations in New York and List of United States radio markets

</div>

See also: New York (FM) (AM)

</div>

fr:WNYC

WNYC

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