University of Tokyo

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University of Tokyo
Motto None
Established 1877
Type Public (National)
Endowment N/A
President Hiroshi Komiyama
Faculty 2,429 full-time
175 part-time <ref>[1]</ref>
Staff 5,779
Students 28,071<ref>[2]</ref>
Undergraduates 14,471
Postgraduates 13,600
Doctoral students 12,668
Professional students 932
Location Bunkyo, Tokyo, Japan
Campus Urban
Athletics 46 varsity teams
Colors N/A
Nickname Warriors, etc.
Mascot None
Affiliations Tokyo Six Universities

The University of Tokyo (東京大学 Tōkyō daigaku?), abbreviated as Todai (東大 Tōdai?), is one of the leading research universities in Japan.

The University has ten faculties with a total of around 30,000 students, some 2,100 of them foreign<ref>a large fraction by Japanese standards</ref>, and its five campuses are in Hongo, Komaba, Kashiwa, Shirokane and Nakano.


[edit] History

The university was founded by the Meiji government in 1877 under its current name by amalgamating older government schools for medicine and Western learning. It was renamed to the Imperial University (帝國大學 Teikoku daigaku?) in 1886, and then Tokyo Imperial University (東京帝國大學 Tōkyō teikoku daigaku?) in 1887 when the Imperial University system was created.

In 1947, after Japan's defeat in World War II, it assumed the original name again. With the start of the new university system in 1949, Todai swallowed up the former First Higher School (today's Komaba campus) and the former Tokyo Higher School, which henceforth assumed the duty of teaching first and second-year undergraduates, while the faculties on Hongo main campus took care of third and fourth-year students.

The University of Tokyo has since 2004 been incorporated as a national university corporation under a new law which applies to all national universities.

Despite the incorporation, which has led to increased financial independence and autonomy, The University of Tokyo is still partly controlled by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT Monbukagakusho, or Monkasho?).

[edit] Academics

[edit] Profile

While nearly all academic disciplines are taught at the University, it is perhaps best known for its faculties of science and technology.

Furthermore, this university has produced many Japanese politicians, though the power of the school has been gradually decreasing. For example; the ratio of its alumni in prime ministers is 2/3, 1/2, 1/4, 1/5 and 1/6 in the 1950s, 60s, 70s, 80s and 90s respectively.

The University of Tokyo is widely thought of as being one of the most prestigious schools over many areas while its rival schools are the other six of the Seven Universities, which were Imperial Universities before World War II, especially Kyoto University. In science, Kyoto University has produced more Nobel prize winners. One of the presidents of Tokyo Imperial University was Kikuchi Dairoku.

[edit] Faculties and Graduate Schools

[edit] Faculties

Image:Yasuda Auditorium, Tokyo University - Nov 2005.JPG
Yasuda Auditorium on the University of Tokyo's Hongo Campus.
  • Law
  • Medicine
  • Engineering
  • Letters
  • Science
  • Agriculture
  • Economics
  • Arts and Sciences
  • Education
  • Pharmaceutical Sciences

[edit] Graduate Schools

  • Humanities and Sociology
  • Education
  • Law and Politics
  • Economics
  • Arts and Sciences
  • Science
  • Engineering
  • Agricultural and Life Sciences
  • Medicine
  • Pharmaceutical Sciences
  • Mathematical Sciences
  • Frontier Sciences
  • Information Science and Technology
  • Interdisciplinary Information Studies
  • Public Policy

[edit] Research Institutes

  • Institute of Medical Science
  • Earthquake Research Institute
  • Institute of Oriental Culture
  • Institute of Social Science
  • Institute of Socio-Information and Communication Studies
  • Institute of Industrial Science
  • Historiographical Institute
  • Institute of Molecular and Cellular Biosciences
  • Institure for Cosmic Ray Research
  • Institute for Solid State Physics
  • Ocean Research Institute

[edit] Rankings

Top 100 Asia Pacific Universities(2005)
by Institute of Higher Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China.

  1. The University of Tokyo
  2. Kyoto University
  3. Australian National University
  4. Osaka University
  5. Tohoku University
  6. Hebrew University of Jerusalem
  7. University of Melbourne
  8. Tokyo Institute of Technology

see rest at [3]

[edit] Campus

The main Hongo campus occupies the former estate of the Maeda family, Edo period feudal lords of Kaga Province. The university's best known landmark, Akamon (the Red Gate) is a relic of this era. The symbol of the university is the ginkgo leaf, from the abundant trees throughout the area.

[edit] Sanshiro Pond

Image:Sanshiro Pond, Tokyo University.JPG
Sanshiro Pond detail, Tokyo University's Hongo campus.

Sanshiro Pond (三四郎池 Sanshirō ike?), in the heart of the university's Hongo campus, dates to 1615. After the fall of the Osaka Castle, the Shogun gave this pond and its surrounding garden to Maeda Toshitsune. As Maeda Tsunanori further developed the garden, it became known as one of the most beautiful gardens in Edo (now Tokyo), with the traditional eight landscapes and eight borders, but also known for its originality in its artificial pond, hills, and pavilions. It was at that time known as Ikutoku-en (Garden of Teaching Virtue). The pond's contours are in the shape of the character kokoro or shin (heart), and thus its official name is Ikutoku-en Shinjiike. However it has been commonly called Sanshiro Pond since the publication of Natsume Soseki's novel Sanshiro.

[edit] Faculty members

[edit] Notable alumni

[edit] Prime Ministers

[edit] Mathematicians

[edit] Architects

[edit] Authors

[edit] Entertainment

[edit] Others

[edit] University of Tokyo in fiction

  • In the manga and anime Love Hina, the main character, Keitaro Urashima, is a student who adamantly wishes to enter the University of Tokyo, and fails the entrance exam several times.
  • In the anime Chobits, the main male character, Hideki Motosuwa is trying to get into the University of Tokyo.
  • The manga Dragon Zakura is about a poor lawyer—and former motorcycle gang member—who tries to make students from a high school with a poor academic standing enter the University of Tokyo directly upon graduation.
  • The teacher/stalker character Suguru Teshigawara from the popular manga and anime series Great Teacher Onizuka (GTO) was educated at the University of Tokyo and often takes pride in his education.
  • Kintaro Oe, of the manga and anime Golden Boy, studied Law there. Though he acquired all the necessary credits to get a degree there, he left before graduation so that he could embark on a quest of learning as a freeter (someone who specializes in doing only part time jobs).
  • The manga and anime Tokyo University Story revolves around attempting gain entrance to the University of Tokyo.

[edit] University of Tokyo in nonfiction

[edit] Notes

<references />

[edit] See also

[edit] External links

de:Universität Tokio

es:Universidad de Tokio fr:Université de Tōkyō ko:도쿄 대학교 id:Universitas Tokyo it:Università Imperiale di Tokyo he:אוניברסיטת טוקיו ja:東京大学 ka:ტოკიოს უნივერსიტეტი pt:Universidade de Tóquio ru:Токийский Университет sv:Tokyos universitet th:มหาวิทยาลัยโตเกียว zh:东京大学

University of Tokyo

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