United States Secretary of the Treasury

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Dept. of the Treasury
Image:US-DeptOfTheTreasury-Seal.png
Established:September 2, 1789
Activated:September 11, 1789
Secretary:Henry M. Paulson
Deputy Secretary:Robert Kimmitt
TreasurerAnna Escobedo Cabral
Budget:$11.1 billion (2004)
Employees:115,897 (2004)
Address:1500 Pennsylvania Avenue NW, Washington, D.C. 20220

The United States Secretary of the Treasury is the head of the United States Department of the Treasury, concerned with finance and monetary matters, and, until 2003, some issues of national security and defense. This position in the Federal Government of the United States is analogous to the finance ministers of other nations. Most of the Department's law enforcement agencies such as the ATF, Customs Service, and Secret Service were reassigned to other Departments in 2003 in conjunction with the creation of the Department of Homeland Security. The Secretary is a member of the President's Cabinet.

From the U.S. Department of the Treasury website:

"The Secretary of the Treasury is the principal economic advisor to the President and plays a critical role in policy-making by bringing an economic and government financial policy perspective to issues facing the government. The Secretary is responsible for formulating and recommending domestic and international financial, economic, and tax policy, participating in the formulation of broad fiscal policies that have general significance for the economy, and managing the public debt. The Secretary oversees the activities of the Department in carrying out its major law enforcement responsibilities; in serving as the financial agent for the United States Government; and in manufacturing coins and currency.
"The Chief Financial Officer of the government, the Secretary serves as Chairman Pro Tempore of the President's Economic Policy Council, Chairman of the Boards and Managing Trustee of the Social Security and Medicare Trust Funds, and as U.S. Governor of the International Monetary Fund, the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the Inter-American Development Bank, the Asian Development Bank, and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development."

The Secretary along with the Treasurer must sign Federal Reserve notes before they can become legal tender.

[edit] Secretaries of the Treasury

Image:Henry Paulson official Treasury photo, 2006.jpg
Henry Paulson, the current Treasury Secretary.
No. Name Term of Office President(s) served under
1Alexander Hamilton September 11, 1789 January 31, 1795 George Washington
2Oliver Wolcott, Jr. February 3, 1795 December 31, 1800 George Washington, John Adams
3Samuel Dexter January 1, 1801 May 13, 1801 John Adams, Thomas Jefferson
4Albert Gallatin May 14, 1801 February 8, 1814 Thomas Jefferson, James Madison
5George W. Campbell February 9, 1814 October 5, 1814 James Madison
6Alexander J. Dallas October 6, 1814 October 21, 1816 James Madison
7William H. Crawford October 22, 1816 March 6, 1825 James Madison, James Monroe
8Richard Rush March 7, 1825 March 5, 1829 John Quincy Adams
9Samuel D. Ingham March 6, 1829 June 20, 1831 Andrew Jackson
10Louis McLane August 8, 1831 May 28, 1833 Andrew Jackson
11William J. Duane May 29, 1833 September 22, 1833 Andrew Jackson
12Roger B. Taney September 23, 1833 June 25, 1834 Andrew Jackson
13Levi Woodbury July 1, 1834 March 3, 1841 Andrew Jackson, Martin Van Buren
14Thomas Ewing March 4, 1841 September 11, 1841 William Henry Harrison, John Tyler
15Walter Forward September 13, 1841 March 1, 1843 John Tyler
16John C. Spencer March 8, 1843 May 2, 1844 John Tyler
17George M. Bibb July 4, 1844 March 7, 1845 John Tyler
18Robert J. Walker March 8, 1845 March 5, 1849 James Knox Polk
19William M. Meredith March 8, 1849 July 22, 1850 Zachary Taylor
20Thomas Corwin July 23, 1850 March 6, 1853 Millard Fillmore
21James Guthrie March 7, 1853 March 6, 1857 Franklin Pierce
22Howell Cobb March 7, 1857 December 8, 1860 James Buchanan
23Philip Thomas December 12, 1860 January 14, 1861 James Buchanan
24John Adams Dix January 15, 1861 March 6, 1861 James Buchanan
25Salmon P. Chase March 7, 1861 June 30, 1864 Abraham Lincoln
26William P. Fessenden July 5, 1864 March 3, 1865 Abraham Lincoln
27Hugh McCulloch March 9, 1865 March 3, 1869 Abraham Lincoln, Andrew Johnson
28George S. Boutwell March 12, 1869 March 16, 1873 Ulysses S. Grant
29William A. Richardson March 17, 1873 June 3, 1874 Ulysses S. Grant
30Benjamin H. Bristow June 4, 1874 June 20, 1876 Ulysses S. Grant
31Lot M. Morrill July 7, 1876 March 9, 1877 Ulysses S. Grant, Rutherford B. Hayes
32John Sherman March 10, 1877 March 3, 1881 Rutherford B. Hayes
33William Windom March 8, 1881 November 13, 1881 James A. Garfield, Chester A. Arthur
34Charles J. Folger November 14, 1881 September 4, 1884 Chester A. Arthur
35Walter Q. Gresham September 5, 1884 October 30, 1884 Chester A. Arthur
36Hugh McCulloch October 31, 1884 March 7, 1885 Chester A. Arthur, Grover Cleveland
37Daniel Manning March 8, 1885 March 31, 1887 Grover Cleveland
38Charles S. Fairchild April 1, 1887 March 6, 1889 Grover Cleveland
39William Windom March 7, 1889 January 29, 1891 Benjamin Harrison
40Charles Foster February 25, 1891 March 6, 1893 Benjamin Harrison, Grover Cleveland
41John G. Carlisle March 7, 1893 March 5, 1897 Grover Cleveland, William McKinley
42Lyman J. Gage March 6, 1897 January 31, 1902 William McKinley, Theodore Roosevelt
43L.M. Shaw February 1, 1902 March 3, 1907 Theodore Roosevelt
44George B. Cortelyou March 4, 1907 March 7, 1909 Theodore Roosevelt
45Franklin MacVeagh March 8, 1909 March 5, 1913 William Howard Taft
46 William G. McAdoo March 6, 1913 December 15, 1918 Woodrow Wilson
47Carter Glass December 16, 1918 February 1, 1920 Woodrow Wilson
48David F. Houston February 2, 1920 March 3, 1921 Woodrow Wilson
49Andrew W. Mellon March 4, 1921 February 12, 1932 Warren G. Harding, Calvin Coolidge, Herbert Hoover
50Ogden L. Mills February 13, 1932 March 4, 1933 Herbert Hoover
51William H. Woodin March 5, 1933 December 31, 1933 Franklin D. Roosevelt
52Henry Morgenthau, Jr. January 1, 1934 July 22, 1945 Franklin D. Roosevelt, Harry S. Truman
53Fred M. Vinson July 23, 1945 June 23, 1946 Harry S. Truman
54John W. Snyder June 25, 1946 January 20, 1953 Harry S. Truman
55George M. Humphrey January 21, 1953 July 29, 1957 Dwight D. Eisenhower
56Robert B. Anderson July 29, 1957 January 20, 1961 Dwight D. Eisenhower
57C. Douglas Dillon January 21, 1961 April 1, 1965 John F. Kennedy, Lyndon Johnson
58Henry H. Fowler April 1, 1965 December 20, 1968 Lyndon Johnson
59Joseph W. Barr December 21, 1968 January 20, 1969 Lyndon Johnson
60David M. Kennedy January 22, 1969 February 10, 1971 Richard Nixon
61John B. Connally February 11, 1971 June 12, 1972 Richard Nixon
62George P. Shultz June 12, 1972 May 8, 1974 Richard Nixon
63William E. Simon May 8, 1974 January 20, 1977 Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford
64W. Michael Blumenthal January 23, 1977 August 4, 1979 Jimmy Carter
65G. William Miller August 7, 1979 January 20, 1981 Jimmy Carter
66Donald T. Regan January 22, 1981 February 1, 1985 Ronald Reagan
67James A. Baker III February 4, 1985 August 17, 1988 Ronald Reagan
68Nicholas F. Brady September 15, 1988 January 17, 1993 Ronald Reagan, George H. W. Bush
69Lloyd Bentsen January 20, 1993 December 22, 1994 Bill Clinton
70Robert Rubin January 11, 1995 July 2, 1999 Bill Clinton
71Lawrence H. Summers July 2, 1999 January 20, 2001 Bill Clinton
72Paul H. O'Neill January 20, 2001 December 31, 2002 George W. Bush
73John W. Snow February 3, 2003 June 30 2006 George W. Bush
74Henry M. Paulson July 10 2006 present George W. Bush

[edit] Acting Secretaries of the Treasury

If both the Secretary and the Deputy Secretary of the Treasury are unable to carry out the duties of the office of Secretary of the Treasury, then whichever Treasury official of Under Secretary rank sworn in earliest assumes the role of Acting Secretary. Positions listed on the Department of the Treasury website include the Under Secretary for Domestic Finance, the Under Secretary for International Affairs, and the Under Secretary for Terrorism and Financial Intelligence. This has been the case since 2001, when President George W. Bush modified the line of succession.[1]

[edit] References

de:US-Finanzministerium

ja:アメリカ合衆国財務長官

United States Secretary of the Treasury

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