United States Department of Energy

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Dept. of Energy


Established:August 4, 1977
Activated:October 1, 1977
Secretary:Samuel W. Bodman
Deputy Secretary:Clay Sell
Budget:$23.4 billion (2006)
Employees:16,100 federal
100,000 contract (2004)

The United States Department of Energy (DOE) is a Cabinet-level department of the United States government responsible for energy policy and nuclear safety. Its purview includes the nation's nuclear weapons program, nuclear reactor production for the United States Navy, energy conservation, energy-related research, radioactive waste disposal, and domestic energy production. DOE also sponsors more basic and applied scientific research than any other US federal agency, most of this is funded through its system of United States Department of Energy National Laboratories.

In the United States, all nuclear weapons deployed by the US Department of Defense (DOD) are actually on loan to DOD from the DOE, which has federal responsibility for the design, testing and production of all nuclear weapons. DOE in turn uses contractors to carry out its responsibilities; design of the nuclear components of the weapon - Los Alamos National Laboratory and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, engineering of the weapon systems - Sandia National Laboratory, manufacturing of key components - Los Alamos National Laboratory, testing - Nevada Test Site, and final weapon/warhead assembling/dismantling - Pantex.

Many federal agencies have been established to handle various aspects of U.S. energy policy, dating back to the creation of the Manhattan Project and the subsequent Atomic Energy Commission. The impetus for putting them all under the auspices of a single department was the 1973 energy crisis, in response to which President Jimmy Carter proposed creation of the department. The enabling legislation was passed by Congress and signed into law by President Carter on August 4, 1977. The department began operations on October 1, 1977. The agency is administered by the United States Secretary of Energy, and its headquarters are located in Germantown, Maryland as well as southwest Washington, D.C., on Independence Avenue in the Forrestal Building, named for James Forrestal.


[edit] Operating Units

United States Department of Energy logo as seen at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

The National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) is part of the United States Department of Energy. It works to improve national security through the military application of nuclear energy. The NNSA also maintains and improves the safety, reliability, and performance of the United States nuclear weapons stockpile, including the ability to design, produce, and test, in order to meet national security requirements.

The Department's Office of Secure Transportation (OST) provides safe and secure transportation of nuclear weapons and components and special nuclear materials, and conducts other missions supporting the national security of the United States of America. Since 1974, OST has been assigned responsibility to develop, operate, and manage a system for the safe and secure transportation of all government-owned, DOE or NNSA controlled special nuclear materials in "strategic" or "significant" quantities. Shipments are transported in specially designed equipment and are escorted by armed Federal Agents (Nuclear Material Couriers).

The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission is an independent regulatory agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. The Department also manages the Strategic Petroleum Reserve.

The Office of Cyber Security maintains CIAC, the Computer Incident Advisory Capability service, which provides computer-security related bulletins going back to 1989. Also provides resources about protecting yourself from viruses, hoaxes and other malicious entities on the Internet.

National laboratories funded by the Department include:

There are four Power Marketing Administrations within the Department:

[edit] Related legislation

Hierarchy of the U.S. Department of Energy

[edit] See also

US Government offices in Environmental sciences
EPA - United States Environmental Protection Agency
DOI - United States Department of the Interior
NPS - National Park Service 
FWS - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
BIA - Bureau of Indian Affairs 
BLM - Bureau of Land Management
MMS - Minerals Management Service
OSM - Office of Surface Mining, Reclamation, and Enforcement
USGS - U.S. Geological Survey
BR - Bureau of Reclamation
OIA - Office of Insular Affairs
USDA - United States Department of Agriculture
Extension Service of the USDA
FSA - Farm Service Agency 
FAS - Foreign Agricultural Service 
RMA - Risk Management Agency 
FSIS - Food Safety Inspection Service 
FS - Forest Service 
NRCS - Natural Resources Conservation Service 
RBS - Rural Business-Cooperative Service 
OCD - Office of Community Development 
RHS - Rural Housing Service 
RUS - Rural Utilities Service 
FNS - Food and Nutrition Service 
CNPP - Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion 
AMS - Agricultural Marketing Service 
APHIS - Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service 
GIPSA - Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration 
ARS - Agricultural Research Service 
CSREES - Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service 
ERS - Economic Research Service 
NASS - National Agricultural Statistics Service 
ASCS - Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service 
NOAA - National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
NWS - National Weather Service 
NOS - National Ocean Service 
NGS - National Geodetic Survey 
NESDIS - National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service 
NMFS - National Marine Fisheries Service 
OAR - Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research 
DOE - Department of Energy
EERE - Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy
EIA - Energy Information Administration
FERC - Federal Energy Regulatory Commission
BER - Biological and Environmental Research
EM - Office of Environmental Management

[edit] External links and sources

de:Energieministerium (Vereinigte Staaten)

et:Ameerika Ühendriikide Energeetikaministeerium fr:Département de l'Énergie des États-Unis it:United States Department of Energy ja:アメリカ合衆国エネルギー省 zh:美國能源部

United States Department of Energy

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