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This article is about Ufa, a city in Russia. For meanings of the abbreviation, see UFA.
Image:Ufa gerb.gif
Ufa's coat of arms

Ufa (Russian: Уфа́; Bashkir: Өфө; Tatar: Ufa, Öfä; Chuvash: Ěпхӳ) is the capital of the Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia. Population: 1,036,026 (2005 est.); 1,042,437 (2002 Census). Geographical location: 54°45′N 55°58′E.

Ufa is one of the industrial centres in the Western Urals area, and is situated at the confluence of the Belaya and the Ufa Rivers. Industries include electrical and mining equipment, oil refining, petrochemicals, synthetic rubber, and processed foods. The Ufa Airport connects the city to several towns in Russia, as well as to Armenia, Azerbaijan, Germany, Turkey and Uzbekistan.

The city began as a fortress built on the orders of Ivan IV in 1574, and originally bore the name of the hill it stood on, Tura-Tau. The city began to be called Ufa, meaning "small" in Turkic, by locals and the name stuck. In 1802, Ufa became the principal city of Bashkiria.

Educational institutions include Bashkir State University, Bashkir State Teachers Training University, Ufa State Aviation Technical University, Ufa Oil University, Ufa Architectural University, Ufa Agricultural University, and others.

Famous natives of Ufa include rebel Salavat Yulayev, painter Mikhail Nesterov, dancer Rudolf Nureyev, NHL ice hockey player Andrei Zyuzin, rock singers Yuri Shevchuk with his band DDT (band), and Zemfira.

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Image:BashkortostanCoatofArms.gif Cities and towns in the Republic of Bashkortostan Image:Flag of Russia.svg
Capital: Ufa

Agidel | Baymak | Belebey | Beloretsk | Birsk | Blagoveshchensk | Davlekanovo | Dyurtyuli | Ishimbay | Kumertau | Meleuz | Mezhgorye | Neftekamsk | Oktyabrsky | Salavat | Sibay | Sterlitamak | Tuymazy | Uchaly | Yanaul

ba:Өфө (ҡала)

be:Уфа bg:Уфа ca:Ufà cv:Ĕпхӳ cs:Ufa de:Ufa (Stadt) et:Ufa es:Ufa (Rusia) eo:Ufa fr:Oufa he:אופה (רוסיה) ko:우파 (도시) hr:Ufa id:Ufa os:Уфа lv:Ufa nl:Oefa ja:ウファ pl:Ufa pt:Ufa ro:Ufa ru:Уфа fi:Ufa sv:Ufa tr:Ufa


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