Strict Standards: Non-static method ExprParser::addMessages() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/world/public_html/learn/extensions/ParserFunctions/ParserFunctions.php on line 32


Learn more about Truro

Jump to: navigation, search
<tr><td colspan="2" align="center">
Population: 17,431 (Civil Parish, 2001)
Ordnance Survey
OS grid reference:SW825445
Parish: Truro
District: Carrick
Shire county: Cornwall
Region: South West England
Constituent country:England
Sovereign state:United Kingdom
Ceremonial county: Cornwall
Historic county: Cornwall
Police force: Devon and Cornwall Constabulary
Fire and rescue: {{{Fire}}}
Ambulance:South Western
Post office and telephone
Post town: TRURO
Postal district: TR1
Dialling code: 01872
UK Parliament: Truro and St Austell
European Parliament: South West England
Image:Flag of England.svg

Truro (pronounced /ˈtruːrəʊ/; Cornish: Truru) is the only city within Cornwall and is also Cornwall's administrative centre. (Note that Bodmin is the county town.) It is the most southerly city in the United Kingdom, situated just under 232 miles (374 kilometres) west south-west of Charing Cross, London. It has a population of 20,920 [1].

The city is well-known for its cathedral, begun in 1879 and finished in 1910. It is also the location of the Royal Cornwall Museum, Cornwall's Courts of Justice and Cornwall County Council's New County Hall, a Grade II listed building. Truro is also the site of a BT Group broadband call centre.


[edit] History

The remains at Carvossa indicate that there has been settlement in the Truro since at least Iron Age times. There was also a Norman castle on one of the hills beside Truro, now the site of the recent award-winning Courts of Justice building (by Eldred Evans and David Shalev, who also designed the Tate St Ives building).

Truro rose to prominence as a market town and port during the nineteenth and early twentieth century. However with the decline of the fishing and tin mining industries, Truro's role has shifted to being the cultural and commercial capital of Cornwall. Truro's present buildings are mostly Georgian era or later, a result of its role as a stannary town during the height of the mining industry in West Cornwall.

[edit] Geography

Truro is located in the centre of Cornwall on the confluence of the rivers Kenwyn and Allen. The name Truro is thought to mean 'three rivers' in reference to the Kenwyn, the Allen and the now tiny Glasteinan. Truro has experienced problems with flooding in the past, in particular 1988 saw two 100-year floods. These problems arose due to high rain fall swelling the rivers and a spring tide in the River Fal. More recently flood defences have been constructed, including an emergency dam and a tidal barrier, to prevent future problems.

Truro is twinned with:

[edit] Education

Educational institutions in Truro include:

[edit] Railways

The West Cornwall Railway opened a terminus at Highertown on 25 August 1852, from where trains ran to Redruth and Penzance. The line was extended down to the river at Newham on 16 April 1855.

The Cornwall Railway brought their line from Plymouth to a new station above the town at Carvedras on 4 May 1859, crossing high above the streets on two viaducts: Truro (above the town centre) and Carvedras. The West Cornwall Railway now diverted most of its passenger trains to the new station, leaving Newham mainly as a goods station until it closed on 6 November 1971. The route from Highertown to Newham is now a cycle path which takes a leisurely loop through the countryside on the south side of the city.

The Cornwall Railway extended its line to Falmouth on 24 August 1863.

[edit] Development

Image:Stret yn Truru.jpg
A mid-90s view of Lemon Quay. It has since been redeveloped into an Italian piazza-style open space.
The neutrality of this article is disputed.
Please see the discussion on the talk page.

Future development in Truro includes a new football stadium and training facilities and a youth academy for Truro City FC. This will be built to the north of the city at Kenwyn. Truro Golf Club is also moving to a new site at Polwhele to make way for 2,500 new homes to be built next to the biggest estate in the Carrick Area, Malabar [citation needed]. Many locals believe these new homes will have a crippling effect on the city's roads, which are already stretched to their limit, and are often gridlocked in the summer and at the late night shopping periods [citation needed]. There is also planned construction of a new building on Lemon Quay, however some people who live in the city have opposed the plans saying the building would obstruct the view of the river <ref>West Briton, June 2006 </ref>.

[edit] Famous people born or resident in Truro

[edit] 16th century

[edit] 18th century

  • Edward Boscawen — an admiral of the Royal Navy. The cobbled street at the centre of Truro is named in his honour, as was a recently closed-down pub.

[edit] 19th century

[edit] 20th century

[edit] See also

[edit] References


[edit] External links

Personal tools
what is world wizzy?
  • World Wizzy is a static snapshot taken of Wikipedia in early 2007. It cannot be edited and is online for historic & educational purposes only.