Treasurer of the United States

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The Treasurer of the United States is the only position within the United States Department of the Treasury older than the Department itself. It was established on September 6, 1777.

The Treasurer was originally charged with the receipt and custody of government funds, though many of these functions have been taken over by different bureaus of the Department of the Treasury. Responsibility for oversight of the Bureau of Engraving and Printing, the United States Mint, and the United States Savings Bonds Division (now the Savings Bond Marketing Office within the Bureau of the Public Debt) was assigned to the Treasurer in 1981. The Treasurer reports to the Secretary of the Treasury through the Assistant Secretary (Management)/Chief Financial Officer.

The Treasurer's signature, along with the Treasury Secretary's, must appear on Federal Reserve notes before they can become legal tender.

In 1949, eager to appoint a woman to a prominent political position, President Truman appointed Georgia Neese Clark Treasurer. Since then, every subsequent Treasurer has been a woman. Five of the past nine Treasurers have also been Hispanic.

Treasurers of the United States
No. Name Term of Office President(s) served under
1 Michael Hillegas July 29, 1775 - September 11, 1789 none; served under Confederation Congress
2 Samuel Meredith September 11, 1789 - 1 December, 1801 George Washington, John Adams,
Thomas Jefferson
3 Thomas T. Tucker December 1, 1801 - May 2, 1828 Thomas Jefferson, James Madison,
James Monroe, John Quincy Adams
4 William Clark June 4, 1828 - May 31, 1829 John Quincy Adams, Andrew Jackson
5 John Campbell May 26, 1829 - July 20, 1839 Andrew Jackson, Martin Van Buren
6 William Selden July 22, 1839 - November 23, 1850 Martin Van Buren, William Henry Harrison,
John Tyler, James K. Polk,
Zachary Taylor, Millard Fillmore
7 John Sloan November 27, 1850 - April 6, 1852 Millard Fillmore
8 Samuel Casey April 4, 1853 - December 22, 1859 Franklin Pierce, James Buchanan
9 William C. Price February 28, 1860 - March 21, 1861 Franklin Pierce, Abraham Lincoln
10 F.E. Spinner March 16, 1861 - July 30, 1875 Abraham Lincoln, Andrew Johnson,
Ulysses S. Grant
11 John C. New June 30, 1875 - July 1, 1876 Ulysses S. Grant
12 A.U. Wyman July 1, 1876 - June 30, 1877 Ulysses S. Grant, Rutherford B. Hayes
13 James Gilfillan July 1, 1877 - March 31, 1883 Rutherford B. Hayes, James A. Garfield,
Chester A. Arthur
14 A.U. Wyman April 1, 1883 - April 30, 1885 Chester A. Arthur, Grover Cleveland
15 Conrad N. Jordan May 1, 1885 - March 23, 1887 Grover Cleveland
16 James W. Hyatt May 24, 1887 - May 10, 1889 Grover Cleveland, Benjamin Harrison
17 J.N. Huston May 11, 1889 - April 24, 1891 Benjamin Harrison
18 Enos H. Nebecker April 25, 1891 - May 31, 1893 Benjamin Harrison, Grover Cleveland
19 D.N. Morgan June 1, 1893 - June 30, 1897 Grover Cleveland, William McKinley
20 Ellis H. Roberts July 1, 1897 - June 30, 1905 William McKinley, Theodore Roosevelt
21 Charles H. Treat July 1, 1905 - October 30, 1909 Theodore Roosevelt, William Howard Taft
22 Lee McClung November 1, 1909 - November 21, 1912 William Howard Taft
23 Carmi A. Thompson November 22, 1912 - March 31, 1913 William Howard Taft, Woodrow Wilson
24 John Burke April 1, 1913 - January 5, 1921 Woodrow Wilson
25 Frank White May 2, 1921 - May 1, 1928 Warren G. Harding, Calvin Coolidge
26 H.T. Tate May 31, 1928 - January 17, 1929 Calvin Coolidge
27 W.O. Woods January 18, 1929 - May 31, 1933 Calvin Coolidge, Herbert Hoover,
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
28 William Alexander Julian June 1, 1933 - May 29, 1949 Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Harry S. Truman
29 Georgia Neese Clark June 21, 1949 - January 27, 1953 Harry S. Truman, Dwight D. Eisenhower
30 Ivy Baker Priest January 28, 1953 - January 29, 1961 Dwight D. Eisenhower, John F. Kennedy
31 Elizabeth Rudel Smith January 30, 1961 - April 13, 1962 John F. Kennedy
32 Kathryn O'Hay Granahan January 3, 1963 - November 22, 1966 John F. Kennedy, Lyndon Johnson
33 Dorothy Andrews Elston Kabis May 8, 1969 - July 3, 1971 Richard Nixon
34 Romana Acosta Bañuelos December 17, 1971 - February 14, 1974 Richard Nixon
35 Francine Irving Neff June 21, 1974 - January 19, 1977 Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford
36 Azie Taylor Morton September 12, 1977 - January 20, 1981 Jimmy Carter
37 Angela Marie Buchanan March 17, 1981 - July 5, 1983 Ronald Reagan
38 Katherine D. Ortega September 22, 1983 - July 1, 1989 Ronald Reagan, George H. W. Bush
39 Catalina Vasquez Villalpando November 20, 1989 - January 20, 1993 George H. W. Bush
40 Mary Ellen Withrow March 1, 1994 - January 20, 2001 Bill Clinton
41 Rosario Marin August 16, 2001 - June 30, 2003 George W. Bush
42 Anna Escobedo Cabral December 13, 2004 - present George W. Bush

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zh:美国财政部财务长

Treasurer of the United States

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