Tokyo Bay

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Image:Tokyobay landsat.jpg
Tokyo Bay from space

Tokyo Bay (東京湾 Tōkyō-wan?) is a bay in the southern Kantō region of Japan. Its old name was Edo Bay (江戸湾 Edo-wan?).


[edit] Geography

Image:Tokyobay area.png
Tokyo Bay, in a narrow sense (red) and in a broad sense (red and blue)

Tokyo Bay is surrounded by the Boso Peninsula (Chiba Prefecture) to the east and the Miura Peninsula (Kanagawa Prefecture) to the west. In a narrow sense, Tokyo Bay is the area north of the straight line formed by the Cape Kannon (観音崎 Kannon-zaki?) on the Miura Peninsula on one end and Cape Futtsu (富津岬 Futtsu-misaki?) on the Boso Peninsula on the other end. This area covers about 922 km². Tokyo Bay in a broad sense includes also the Uraga Channel. The total area would then be 1320 km².

Tokyo Bay includes about 249 km² of reclaimed land area.

The only natural island in the Bay is Saru Island (猿島 Saru-shima?), Yokosuka, Kanagawa. There are however many artificial islands built as naval fortification during the Meiji and Taishō period.

[edit] Development

The ports of Tokyo, Chiba, Kawasaki, Yokohama, and Yokosuka are all located on Tokyo Bay. The port of Yokosuka contains the naval bases of United States Forces Japan and the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force.

On the western coast of Tokyo Bay, between Tokyo and Yokohama, the Keihin Industrial Area has been developed since the Meiji Era. This was expanded to the Keiyo Industrial Area along the north and east coasts after World War II.

The Tokyo Wan Aqua-Line bridge/tunnel crosses Tokyo Bay between Kawasaki and Kisarazu; ferries also cross the bay toward the Uraga Channel between Kurihama (in Yokosuka) and Kanaya (in Futtsu on the Chiba side).

[edit] History

Map of Tokyo Bay, 1917

Tokyo Bay was the venue for Commodore Matthew Perry's early negotiations with the Japanese bakufu in the 1850's, as well as most official Japanese-European contacts preceding the Meiji Restoration.

[edit] See also

Coordinates: 35°25′N 139°47′Eca:Badia de Tòquio de:Bucht von Tokio es:Bahía de Tokio ko:도쿄 만 nl:Baai van Tokio ja:東京湾 pl:Zatoka Tokijska zh:東京灣

Tokyo Bay

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