Theodosius II

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Theodosius II
Emperor of the
Eastern Roman Empire
Image:Theodosius ii.jpg
Bust of Theodosius II
Reign 408 - July 28 450
(His sister acted as regent 408 - 416)
Full name Flavius Theodosius
Born April 401
Died July 28 450
Predecessor Arcadius
Successor Marcian
Wife/wives Aelia Eudocia
Issue Licinia Eudoxia
Father Arcadius
Mother Aelia Eudoxia
Image:Solidus ValentinianIII-wedding.jpg
Solidus minted in Thessalonica to celebrate the marriage of Western Emperor Valentinian III to Licinia Eudoxia, daughter of the Theodosius II. On the reverse, the three of them in wedding dress.

Flavius Theodosius (April, 401July 28, 450), known in English as Theodosius II, was an Eastern Roman Emperor (408-450), mostly known for the law code bearing his name, the Codex Theodosianus.

The eldest son of Aelia Eudoxia and Western Emperor Arcadius, Theodosius was heavily influenced by his eldest sister Pulcheria, who pushed him towards Eastern Christianity. Pulcheria was the primary driving power behind the emperor and many of her views became official policy. These included her anti-Semitic view which resulted in the destruction of synagogues.

On the death of his father Arcadius in 408, Theodosius became emperor.

In June 421, Theodosius married the poet Aelia Eudocia. They had a daughter, Licinia Eudoxia, whose marriage with the Western Roman Emperor Valentinian III marked the re-unification of the two halves of the Empire, even if for a short time. Theodosius created the University of Constantinople, and died in 450 as the result of a riding accident.

[edit] Theodosius' Law Code

In 429, Theodosius appointed a commission to collect all of the laws since the reign of Constantine I, and create a fully formalized system of law. This plan was left unfinished, but the work of a second commission that met in Constantinople, assigned to collect all of the general legislations and bring them up to date was completed, and their collection published as the Codex Theodosianus in 438. The law code of Theodosius II, summarizing edicts promulgated since Constantine, provided a basis for the law code of Emperor Justinian I in the following century.

[edit] See also

[edit] External links

Preceded by:
Arcadius
Eastern Roman Emperor
408-450
Succeeded by:
Marcian
Preceded by:
Imp. Caesar Flavius Arcadius Augustus V,
Imp. Caesar Flavius Honorius Augustus V
Consul of the Roman Empire
403
with Flavius Rumoridus
Succeeded by:
Imp. Caesar Flavius Honorius Augustus VI,
Aristaenetus
Preceded by:
Imp. Caesar Flavius Arcadius Augustus VI,
Flavius Anicius Petronius Probus
Consul of the Roman Empire
407
with Imp. Caesar Flavius Honorius Augustus VII
Succeeded by:
Flavius Philippus,
Anicius Auchenius Bassus
Preceded by:
Flavius Philippus,
Anicius Auchenius Bassus
Consul of the Roman Empire
409
with Imp. Caesar Flavius Honorius Augustus VIII
Imp. Caesar Flavius Claudius Constantinus Augustus
Succeeded by:
Varanes,
Tertullus
Preceded by:
Varanes,
Tertullus
Consul of the Roman Empire
411
Succeeded by:
Imp. Caesar Flavius Honorius Augustus IX,
Imp. Caesar Flavius Theodosius Augustus V
Preceded by:
Imp. Caesar Flavius Theodosius Augustus IV
Consul of the Roman Empire
412
with Imp. Caesar Flavius Honorius Augustus IX
Succeeded by:
Flavius Lucius,
Heraclianus
Preceded by:
Flavius Constantius,
Flavius Constans
Consul of the Roman Empire
415
with Imp. Caesar Flavius Honorius Augustus X
Succeeded by:
Imp. Caesar Flavius Theodosius Augustus VII,
Flavius Iunius Quartus Palladius
Preceded by:
Imp. Caesar Flavius Honorius Augustus X,
Imp. Caesar Flavius Theodosius Augustus VI
Consul of the Roman Empire
416
with Flavius Iunius Quartus Palladius
Succeeded by:
Imp. Caesar Flavius Honorius Augustus XI,
Flavius Constantius II
Preceded by:
Imp. Caesar Flavius Honorius Augustus XI,
Flavius Constantius II
Consul of the Roman Empire
418
with Imp. Caesar Flavius Honorius Augustus XII
Succeeded by:
Flavius Monaxius,
Flavius Plinta
Preceded by:
Flavius Monaxius,
Flavius Plinta
Consul of the Roman Empire
420
with Flavius Constantius III
Succeeded by:
Flavius Eustathius,
Flavius Agricola
Preceded by:
Flavius Eustathius,
Flavius Agricola
Consul of the Roman Empire
422
with Imp. Caesar Flavius Honorius Augustus XIII
Succeeded by:
Flavius Asclepiodotus,
Flavius Avitus Marinianus
Preceded by:
Flavius Castinus,
Flavius Victor
Consul of the Roman Empire
425
with Flavius Placidus Valentinianus Caesar
Imp. Caesar Iohannes Augustus (only in Rome)
Succeeded by:
Imp. Caesar Flavius Theodosius Augustus XII,
Imp. Caesar Flavius Placidus Valentinianus Augustus II
Preceded by:
Imp. Caesar Flavius Theodosius Augustus XI,
Flavius Placidus Valentinianus Caesar,
Imp. Caesar Iohannes Augustus (only in Rome)
Consul of the Roman Empire
426
with Imp. Caesar Flavius Placidus Valentinianus Augustus II
Succeeded by:
Flavius Hierius,
Flavius Ardaburius
Preceded by:
Flavius Florentius,
Flavius Dionysius
Consul of the Roman Empire
430
with Imp. Caesar Flavius Placidus Valentinianus Augustus III
Succeeded by:
Flavius Anicius Auchenius Bassus,
Flavius Antiochus
Preceded by:
Flavius Aetius,
Flavius Valerius
Consul of the Roman Empire
433
with Petronius Maximus
Succeeded by:
Flavius Ardaburius Asparus,
Flavius Areobindus
Preceded by:
Flavius Ardaburius Asparus,
Flavius Areobindus
Consul of the Roman Empire
435
with Imp. Caesar Flavius Placidus Valentinianus Augustus IV
Succeeded by:
Flavius Anthemius Isidorus Theophilus,
Flavius Senator
Preceded by:
Flavius Aetius II,
Flavius Sigisvultus
Consul of the Roman Empire
438
with Anicius Acilius Glabrio Faustus
Succeeded by:
Imp. Caesar Flavius Theodosius Augustus XVII,
Flavius Rufius Postumius Festus
Preceded by:
Imp. Caesar Flavius Theodosius Augustus XVI,
Anicius Acilius Glabrio Faustus
Consul of the Roman Empire
439
with Flavius Rufius Postumius Festus
Succeeded by:
Imp. Caesar Flavius Placidus Valentinianus Augustus V,
Anatolius
Preceded by:
Petronius Maximus II,
Flavius Paterius
Consul of the Roman Empire
444
with Flavius Caecina Decius Aginatius Albinus
Succeeded by:
Imp. Caesar Flavius Placidus Valentinianus Augustus VI,
Flavius Nomus
ar:ثيودوسيوس الثاني

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Theodosius II

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