Tesla (unit)

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This article is about the SI unit. For the inventor, see Nikola Tesla.

The tesla (symbol T) is the SI derived unit of magnetic flux density (or magnetic induction). It is used to define the intensity (density) of a magnetic field. The tesla, equal to one weber per square metre, was defined in 1960.

It is named in honor of world renowned inventor, scientist and electrical engineer Nikola Tesla. Tesla's legacy can be seen across modern civilization wherever electricity is used because of his invention of alternating current.


[edit] Definition

1 T = 1 Wb·m−2 = 1 kg·s−2·A−1= 1N·A−1·m−1 = 1 kg·s−1·C−1

It can be thought of "newton-seconds per coulomb-metre" or as "newton per ampere-metre".

This SI unit is named after Nikola Tesla. As for all SI units whose names are derived from the proper name of a person, the first letter of its symbol is uppercase (T). But when an SI unit is spelled out, it should always be written in lowercase (tesla), unless it begins a sentence or is the name "degree Celsius".
— Based on The International System of Units, section 5.2.

[edit] SI multiples

Multiple Name Symbol Multiple Name Symbol
100 tesla T      
101 decatesla daT 10–1 decitesla dT
102 hectotesla hT 10–2 centitesla cT
103 kilotesla kT 10–3 millitesla mT
106 megatesla MT 10–6 microtesla µT
109 gigatesla GT 10–9 nanotesla nT
1012 teratesla TT 10–12 picotesla pT
1015 petatesla PT 10–15 femtotesla fT
1018 exatesla ET 10–18 attotesla aT
1021 zettatesla ZT 10–21 zeptotesla zT
1024 yottatesla YT 10–24 yoctotesla yT

[edit] Explanation

The tesla is the value of the total magnetic flux (a magnet's "power") divided by area. Hence, reducing the affected area will generally increase the magnetic flux density.

This will continue to occur until the material becomes magnetically saturated and/or the magnetic field "leakage" increases so fast that no additional tesla gains are possible. [citation needed]

[edit] Conversions

1 tesla is equivalent to:

[edit] Examples

Image:Small small IMG 0836.jpg
The strongest (non-pulsed) magnet in the world is located in Tallahasee, FL.
  • Nasa just recently found "potholes" in the magnetic field in outerspace in the heliosheath around our solar system that are 0.01 nanotesla as reported by Voyager 1 [1]
  • In outer space the magnetic flux density is between 0.1 and 10 nanoteslas (10−10 T and 10−8 T),
  • in the Earth's magnetic field at latitude of 50° is 58 µT (5.8×10−5 T) and on the equator at a latitude of 0° is 31 µT (3.1×10−5 T),
  • in a sunspot about 0.15 T,
  • a large 30 pound loudspeaker magnet will have a coil gap of 1 T.
  • A modern neodymium-iron-boron (NIB) rare earth magnet has a strength of about 1.25 T. A coin-sized neodymium magnet can lift more than 20 pounds, and can pinch skin and erase credit cards.
  • in medical magnetic resonance imaging up to 7 T, experimentally up to 20 T,
  • strongest continuous magnetic field yet produced in a laboratory (Florida State University's National High Magnetic Field Laboratory [2] in Tallahassee, USA), previously 45 T [3] currently 85-100 T [4],
  • strongest (pulsed) magnetic field yet obtained non-destructively in a laboratory (LANL[5]), 100 T,
  • strongest (pulsed) magnetic field ever obtained (with explosives) in a laboratory (Sarov, Russia), 2800 T [6]
  • on a neutron star 1 to 100 megateslas (106 T to 108 T),
  • on a magnetar, 0.1 to 100 gigateslas (108 to 1011 T),
  • maximum theoretical field strength for a neutron star, and therefore the upper bound thus far for any known phenomenon, 1013 T (10 terateslas).

[edit] Reference

cs:Tesla da:Tesla de:Tesla (Einheit) es:Tesla (unidad) eu:Tesla (unitatea) fr:Tesla (unité) gl:Tesla (unidade) hr:Tesla id:Tesla it:Tesla he:טסלה hu:Tesla nl:Tesla (eenheid) ja:テスラ no:Tesla nn:Eininga tesla pl:Tesla pt:Tesla ru:Тесла (единица измерения) sk:Tesla (jednotka) sl:Tesla (enota) sr:Тесла (јединица) fi:Tesla sv:Tesla tr:Tesla (birim) uk:Тесла zh:特斯拉

Tesla (unit)

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