List of tallest buildings and structures in London
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London has limits to building heights because of protected views of certain buildings from particular locations (notably St Paul's). Until the early 1960s buildings in London were restricted to 100 feet (30 metres) in height, although there were some exceptions to this rule. This restriction was put in place in order to keep every floor of a building in reach of the fire brigade's ladders . The lifting of the height restriction caused a boom in the building of tall buildings during the 1960s. Most prominent of these was the Post Office (now BT) Tower, built as a microwave relay station.
London's first skyscraper was the NatWest Tower (now Tower 42), completed in 1980 and standing 183m tall. It was followed in 1991 by One Canada Square which was 235m and formed the centrepiece of the Canary Wharf development. Following another 10 year gap, several new skyscrapers appeared on London's skyline - 8 Canada Square, 25 Canada Square, the Heron Quays buildings, the Barclays headquarters and the award-winning 30 St Mary Axe.
The next few years will see far more skyscrapers appearing, as London goes through a high-rise boom. The 310m Shard London Bridge, the 288m Bishopsgate Tower where work has already started and around 30 other skyscrapers over 150m are in planning and could transform the city's skyline. <ref>Template:Cite web</ref>
In 2007, construction is due to start on the Shard (310m), the Bishopsgate Tower (288m), the Heron Tower (242m), 122 Leadenhall Street (225m) and Riverside South (214m and 189m). The Broadgate Tower (165m) will also be nearing completion.
 Structures taller than 100m
 High-rise buildings
 Other structures
|1.||Crystal Palace Transmitter||222||1950|
|3.||The London Eye||135||1999|
|4.||Wembley Stadium [U]||133||2005|
|5.||St Paul's Cathedral||112||1710|
|6.||Victoria Tower (at the Palace of Westminster)||102||1858|
- [U] Under construction.
- [C] Part of the Canary Wharf Complex.
- [B] Part of the Barbican Estate.
- [H] Part of the Heron Quays Complex.
 London skyscraper comparison
 Future tall buildings
|Shard London Bridge||310 m||Approved|
|Bishopsgate Tower||288 m||Construction|
|122 Leadenhall Street||225 m||Approved|
|North Quay||216 & 203 m||Approved|
|Riverside South||214 & 189 m||Approved|
|Heron Tower||203 m||Approved|
|20 Blackfriars Road||200 m||Planned|
|20 Fenchurch Street||192 m||Proposed|
|St George's Wharf||181 m||Approved|
|Beetham Tower London||180 m||Proposed|
|Broadgate Tower||165 m||Construction|
|100 Bishopsgate||165 m||Proposed|
|Pan Peninsula Tower||147 m||Construction|
|51 Lime Street||125 m||Construction|
|Pioneer Point North||105 m||Construction|
|Ontario Tower||104 m||Construction|
|Stock Exchange Tower||100 m||Being re-developed|
 Other famous tall buildings
|St Stephens Tower (Big Ben) of the Palace of Westminster||96||1859|
|St Pancras railway station||82||1868|
|The London Ark||76||1992|
|The Old Bailey||67||1907|
 See also
- Architecture - building construction
- List of tallest buildings and structures in Great Britain
- List of tallest buildings in the United States
- List of tallest buildings in New York City
- List of tallest structures in Paris
- World's tallest structures
- List of towers
- List of buildings
- List of skyscrapers
 External links
- A full summary of all London's skyscraper projects (regularly updated)
- Scale diagrams of current and future skyscrapers in London
- Skyscrapers.com page on London
- A detailed article on tall buildings in London from 1945-1991
- Interim strategic planning guidance on tall buildings, strategic views and the skyline in London
- Official website of London Bridge Tower - the 'Shard of Glass'
- Skyscraper News UKde:Liste der höchsten Bauwerke in London