Sullivan County, New York

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Sullivan County, New York
Image:Sullivan County ny seal.gif
Map
Image:Map of New York highlighting Sullivan County.png
Location in the state of New York
Statistics
Formed 1809
Seat Monticello
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

2,582 km² (997 mi²)
 sq mi ( km²)
70 km² (27 mi²), 2.72%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

73,966
29/km² 
Website: co.sullivan.ny.us

Sullivan County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. As of 2000, the population was 73,966. The county seat is Monticello. The name is in honor of Major General John Sullivan, who was a hero in the American Revolutionary War. The county is well-known internationally for its rich entertainment history.

Contents

[edit] History

When New York State established its first twelve counties in 1683, the present Sullivan County was part of Ulster County.

In 1809, Sullivan County was split from Ulster County.

[edit] Geography

Sullivan County is in the southern part of New York State, southeast of Binghamton and slightly west of due south of Albany. It is separated by the Delaware River from Pennsylvania.

The county is nestled firmly within the Catskill Mountains. Its northeastern corner is within the Catskill Park.

The highest point in the county is a 3,118-foot (950 m) peak unofficially known as Beech Mountain, near Hodge Pond, a subsidiary summit to Mongaup Mountain across the Ulster County line. The lowest point is along the Delaware River.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,582 km² (997 mi²). 2,512 km² (970 mi²) of it is land and 70 km² (27 mi²) of it (2.72%) is water.

[edit] Adjacent Counties

[edit] Demographics

As of the census² of 2000, there were 73,966 people, 27,661 households, and 18,311 families residing in the county. The population density was 29/km² (76/mi²). There were 44,730 housing units at an average density of 18/km² (46/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 85.31% White, 8.51% Black or African American, 0.27% Native American, 1.12% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 2.89% from other races, and 1.87% from two or more races. 9.25% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 27,661 households out of which 31.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.10% were married couples living together, 11.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.80% were non-families. 27.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.90% under the age of 18, 7.30% from 18 to 24, 28.10% from 25 to 44, 25.40% from 45 to 64, and 14.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 103.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,998, and the median income for a family was $43,458. Males had a median income of $36,110 versus $25,754 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,892. About 11.60% of families and 16.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.60% of those under age 18 and 10.70% of those age 65 or over.

[edit] Cities and towns

Labels in parentheses are official political level.

[edit] Additional information

Sullivan County Community College is located near Liberty, New York.

[edit] Travel and Tourism

Sullivan County has always been a popular tourist destination, with mountain climbing, other outdoor activities, and the Monticello Raceway being among the major draws. However, its 2 most notable legacies to American pop culture are the resort complexes of the Borscht Belt (with their golf courses, social events, and entertainers) and the 1969 Woodstock Festival. Among the comedic greats who tested their material and who performed regularly at the the Borscht Belt hotels were Joey Adams, Woody Allen, Morey Amsterdam, Milton Berle, Shelley Berman, Al Bernie, Mel Brooks, Lenny Bruce, George Burns, Red Buttons, Sid Caesar, Jack Carter, Myron Cohen, Norm Crosby, Bill Dana, Rodney Dangerfield, Phyllis Diller, Betty Garrett, Shecky Greene, Buddy Hackett, Mickey Katz, Danny Kaye, Alan King, Robert Klein, Jack E. Leonard, Jerry Lewis, Jackie Mason, Jan Murray, Carl Reiner, Don Rickles, Joan Rivers, Freddie Roman, Jackie Vernon, Jackie Wakefield, Jonathan Winters, and Henny Youngman. Eddie Fisher performed often at Grossinger's, where in 1955 he married Debbie Reynolds.

From Aug. 15-17, 1969, some half a million people gathered in Sullivan County's Town of Bethel at Yasgur's Farm to hear one of the most memorable rock concerts ever held - The Woodstock Festival. The concert included The Who, Woodstock Festival, the Grateful Dead, Jefferson Airplane, The Band, Canned Heat, Joan Baez, Arlo Guthrie, Crosby, Stills, Nash and Young, Janis Joplin, Santana, Sly and the Family Stone, Blood, Sweat and Tears, and Richie Havens, whose improvisational song "Freedom" spoke for the turbulent times in which the Vietnam War and the Civil Rights Movement were the key issues of the day.

Today, Sullivan County is enjoying a revival with Bethel Woods Center for the Arts, which opened its doors on July 1, 2006 to the sounds of the New York Philharmonic. Bethel Woods was also the venue for a two-day jazz festival featuring Wynton Marsalis, as well as concerts by The Boston Pops and Crosby, Stills, Nash and Young who played at Woodstock in 1969 in one of their first-ever live performances. And if casino gambling operated by Native American tribes wins state and federal government approval in late 2006 or early 2007, many believe the Catskills' economic revival will occur quickly. Sites being considered for casinos include Monticello Raceway as well as some of the former Borscht Belt hotels.

[edit] Notable People from Sullivan County

[edit] External links

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Sullivan County, New York

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