Suffolk County, New York
Learn more about Suffolk County, New York
|Suffolk County, New York|
|Image:Suffolk County ny seal.png|
| Image:Map of New York highlighting Suffolk County.png|
Location in the state of New York
6,146 km² (2,373 mi²)
2,373 mi²). 2,363 km² (912 mi²)
3,784 km² (1,461 mi²), 61.56%
Suffolk County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. As of 2000, the population was 1,419,369. It was named for the county of Suffolk in England, from which its earliest settlers came. The county seat is Riverhead, though many county offices are in Hauppauge on the west side of the county where most of the population lives. There are also offices in Smithtown, for the legislature, Yaphank, and Farmingville.
Suffolk and Nassau counties together are generally referred to as "Long Island" by area residents — as distinct from the New York City boroughs of Queens (Queens County) and Brooklyn (Kings County), which physically make up the island's westernmost end.
Suffolk County is the easternmost county in New York State and the New York Metropolitan Area.
Suffolk County was an original county of New York State, one of twelve created in 1683. Its boundaries were substantially the same as at present, with only minor changes in the boundary with its western neighbor, which was originally Queens County but since 1899 has been Nassau County. However, as western Suffolk County has become more suburbanized there has been agitation by people living in the more rural East End of the island to divide Suffolk into two counties, with the easternmost part tentatively named Peconic County, after the Peconic Bay. Supporters of the idea believe that this would create a more efficient and responsive government and would give them a larger voice than they currently have in Suffolk County as it now stands, as well as lower taxes. Peconic County would tentatively include the towns of East Hampton, Riverhead, Shelter Island, Southampton and Southold.
Suffolk County occupies the easternmost portion of Long Island, in the southeastern portion of New York State. The eastern end of the county splits into two peninsulas, known as the North Fork and the South Fork. The county is surrounded by water on three sides, including the Atlantic Ocean and the Long Island Sound. The eastern end contains large bays. Suffolk County is divided into 10 towns: Babylon, Brookhaven, East Hampton, Huntington, Islip, Riverhead, Shelter Island, Smithtown, Southampton, and Southold.
Major facilities include Brookhaven National Laboratory in Upton and Plum Island Animal Disease Center on Plum Island. Several airports serve commuters and business travelers, most notably Long Island MacArthur Airport in Ronkonkoma, Republic Airport in East Farmingdale and Francis S. Gabreski Airport in Westhampton Beach.
 Adjacent County
- Nassau County, New York - west
 Law and government
|2004||48.5% 309,949||49.5% 315,909|
|2000||42.0% 240,992||53.4% 306,306|
|1996||36.1% 182,510||51.8% 261,828|
|1992||40.4% 220,811||38.9% 229,467|
|1988||60.5% 311,242||38.7% 199,215|
|1984||66.0% 171,295||33.7% 335,485|
|1980||57.0% 256,294||33.3% 149,945|
|1976||54.1% 248,908||45.3% 208,263|
|1972||70.3% 316,452||29.4% 132,441|
|1968||58.2% 218,027||32.7% 122,590|
|1964||44.4% 144,350||55.5% 180,598|
|1960||59.3% 166,644||40.6% 114,033|
Suffolk County has long been a Republican bastion in New York. U.S. Congressman Rick Lazio, who opposed Hillary Clinton in the 2000 Senate Race was from Suffolk County. However, recent elections have turned the county more toward the Democrats. In 2003, Democrat Steve Levy was elected county executive, ending longtime Republican control. In 2001, Democrat Thomas Spota was elected District Attorney, and ran unopposed in 2005. Although Suffolk voters gave George H. W. Bush a victory here in 1992, the county voted for Bill Clinton in 1996 and continued the trend by giving Al Gore a large victory here in 2000 and John Kerry a smaller margin of victory in 2004.
Suffolk County is represented by three congressional districts, the first, second and part of the third. The former two seats are held by Democrats. Tim Bishop, a Democrat, represents the once heavily Republican first district, which includes almost half of the county, from Smithtown to Montauk, including The Hamptons and Riverhead. The second district, which includes Huntington, Brentwood and Bay Shore, is represented by Steve Israel. A Democrat, Israel won the seat vacated by Rick Lazio in 2000 when he made his unsuccessful bid for the U.S. Senate. The third district, which is mainly in Nassau County, but includes some middle-class coastal areas of southwestern Suffolk County, is represented by Peter King, a Republican.
 Suffolk County Executives
|H. Lee Dennison||Democrat||1961–1973|
|John V.N. Klein||Republican||1973–1979|
|Peter F. Cohalan||Republican||1979–1986|
|Michael A. LoGrande*||Republican||1986–1987|
|Patrick G. Halpin||Democrat||1987–1991|
|Robert J. Gaffney||Republican||1991–2003|
* Appointed to compete Cohalan's term
 Suffolk County Legislature
- Edward P. Romaine (R)
- Jay Schneiderman (R)
- Kate M. Browning (WF)
- Joseph T. Caracappa (R)
- Vivian Viloria-Fisher (D)
- Daniel P. Losquadro (R)
- Jack Eddington (D)
- William Lindsay (D)
- Ricardo Montano (D)
- Cameron Alden (R)
- Thomas F. Barraga (R)
- John M. Kennedy, Jr. (R)
- Lynne Nowick (R)
- Wayne R. Horsley (D)
- Elie Mystal (D)
- Steven H. Stern (D)
- Louis D'Amaro (D)
- Jon Cooper (D)
Republicans controlled the county legislature until a landmark election in November 2005 where three Republican seats switched to the Democrats, giving them control. William Lindsay is the current Presiding Officer of the legislature.
 Law enforcement
Police services in the five western towns (Babylon, Huntington, Islip, Smithtown and Brookhaven) are provided primarily by the Suffolk County Police Department. The five "East End" towns (Riverhead, Southold, Shelter Island, East Hampton, and Southampton), maintain their own police forces. Also, a number of villages, such as Amityville, Lloyd Harbor and Westhampton Beach, maintain their own police forces. These forces, however, make use of certain county police services such as the police academy. Also, all homicides are investigated by the county police, regardless of whether or not they occur within the police district.
All "state parkways" in Suffolk County are patrolled by Troop L of the New York State Police, headquartered at Republic Airport. State parks, such as Robert Moses State Park, are the responsibility of the New York State Park Police. In the late 1990s, the Long Island Rail Road's own police department was consolidated into the Metropolitan Transportation Authority Police.
The Suffolk County Sheriff's Office is a totally separate agency that runs the two Suffolk County correctional facilities in Yaphank and Riverhead, provides county courthouse security and detention, service and enforcement of civil papers, evictions and warrants, etc. There is also a full-service patrol unit that assists the East End town and village police forces. In addition, the Sheriff's office also has a K9 Unit, a Marine Unit, a Mounted Unit (the only horse police in Suffolk County), an Aviation Unit, a Radar Enforcement Detail (similar to SCPD Highway Patrol), a Bike Unit, an ATV Unit and a SWAT-type unit called the Emergency Response Team (ERT). Suffolk County Sheriff's investigators also participate in various task forces and undercover assignments and also carry out various types of civil and criminal investigations.
As of 2006, the Suffolk County Sheriff's Office employs about 300 deputy sheriffs and 1,000 correction officers in addition to about 200 civilian staff.
As of the census² of 2000, there were 1,419,369 people, 469,299 households, and 360,421 families residing in the county. The population density was 601/km² (1,556/mi²). There were 522,323 housing units at an average density of 221/km² (573/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 84.60% White, 6.94% African American, 0.27% Native American, 2.45% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 3.65% from other races, and 2.06% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.53% of the population. Some main European ancestries in Suffolk county as of 2000: 28.33% Italian, 22.02% Irish, 16.95% German and 5.98% English.
There were 469,299 households out of which 37.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.00% were married couples living together, 10.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.20% were non-families. 18.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.96 and the average family size was 3.36.
In the county the population was spread out with 26.10% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 31.20% from 25 to 44, 23.30% from 45 to 64, and 11.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 95.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.80 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $65,288, and the median income for a family was $72,112. Males had a median income of $50,046 versus $33,281 for females. The per capita income for the county was $26,577. About 3.90% of families and 6.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.70% of those under age 18 and 6.30% of those age 65 or over.
Suffolk County has the highest number of Italian Americans of any county in the U.S. with over 410,000 persons claiming Italian ancestry.
 Colleges and universities
Suffolk County is home to numerous colleges and universities, including the State University of New York at Stony Brook, Dowling College, Southampton College, Saint Joseph's College and Suffolk County Community College.
 Indian reservations
Two Indian reservations are located within the borders of Suffolk County:
 Towns, villages, and hamlets
In New York State, a town is the major subdivision of each county. Towns provide or arrange for most municipal services for residents of hamlets and selected services for residents of villages. All residents of New York who do not live in a city or on an Indian reservation live in a town. A village is an incorporated area which is usually, but not always, within a single town. A village is a clearly defined municipality that provides the services closest to the residents, such as garbage collection, street and highway maintenance, street lighting and building codes. Some villages provide their own police and other optional services. A hamlet is a populated area within a town that is not part of a village. The term "hamlet" is not defined under New York law (unlike cities, towns and villages), but is often used in the state's statutes to refer to well-known populated sections of towns that are not incorporated as villages. For more information, see the article Political subdivisions of New York State.
In 2006 Forbes Magazine ranked six Suffolk County zip codes as among the top 110 most expensive in the United States. Sagaponack, New York was ranked the most expensive zip code in the nation with a median home sale price in 2005 of $2,787,500. Water Mill, New York was ranked the sixth most expensive zip code in the nation, with a median home sale price in 2005 of $2,150,000.<ref>Forbes Lists </ref>
 Sorted by town
- Town of Babylon
- Town of Brookhaven
- Villages: Belle Terre, Bellport, Lake Grove, Old Field, Patchogue, Poquott, Port Jefferson, Shoreham
- Hamlets: Blue Point, Brookhaven, Canaan Lake, Centereach, Center Moriches, Cherry Grove, Coram, Crystal Brook, Cupsogue Beach, Davis Park, East Moriches, East Patchogue, East Setauket, East Shoreham, Farmingville, Fire Island Pines, Gordon Heights, Hagerman, Manorville, Mastic, Mastic Beach, Medford, Middle Island, Miller Place, Moriches, Mount Sinai, North Bellport, North Patchogue, Ocean Bay Park, Point of Woods, Port Jefferson Station, Ridge, Rocky Point, Selden, Setauket, Shirley, South Haven, Sound Beach, Stony Brook, Strongs Neck, Terryville, Upton, Water Island, West Manor, Yaphank
- Hamlets located partly in the Town of Islip: Holbrook, Holtsville, Lake Ronkonkoma, Ronkonkoma
- Hamlets located partly in the Town of Riverhead: Calverton, Wading River
- Hamlets located partly in the Town of Smithtown: Lake Ronkonkoma
- Hamlet located partly in the Town of Southampton: Eastport
- Town of East Hampton
- Town of Huntington
- Villages: Asharoken, Huntington Bay, Lloyd Harbor, Northport
- Hamlets: Centerport, Cold Spring Harbor, Dix Hills, East Northport, Eatons Neck, Elwood, Greenlawn, Halesite, Huntington, Huntington Station, Melville, South Huntington
- Hamlets located partly in the Town of Smithtown: Commack, Fort Salonga
- Town of Islip
- Villages: Brightwaters, Islandia, Ocean Beach, Saltaire
- Hamlets: Bay Shore, Bayport, Baywood, Bohemia, Brentwood, Central Islip, East Islip, Great River, Hauppauge, Islip, Islip Terrace, North Bay Shore, North Great River, Oakdale, Sayville, West Bay Shore, West Islip, West Sayville
- Hamlets located partly in the Town of Brookhaven: Holbrook, Holtsville, Lake Ronkonkoma, Ronkonkoma
- Hamlets located partly in the Town of Smithtown: Lake Ronkonkoma
- Town of Riverhead
- Town of Shelter Island
- Town of Smithtown
- Villages: Head of the Harbor, Nissequogue, Village of the Branch
- Hamlets: Kings Park, Nesconset, Smithtown, St. James
- Hamlets located partly in the Town of Brookhaven: Lake Ronkonkoma
- Hamlets located partly in the Town of Huntington: Commack, Fort Salonga
- Hamlets located partly in the Town of Islip: Lake Ronkonkoma
- Town of Southampton
- Villages: North Haven, Quogue, Southampton (village), Westhampton Beach, Westhampton Dunes
- Village located partly in the Town of East Hampton: Sag Harbor
- Hamlets: Bridgehampton, East Quogue, Flanders, Hampton Bays, Northampton, North Sea, Noyack (Noyac), Quioque (Quiogue), Remsenburg, Riverside, Sagaponack, Shinnecock Hills, Southampton (hamlet), Speonk, Tuckahoe, Water Mill (Watermill), Westhampton
- Hamlet located partly in the Town of Brookhaven: Eastport
- Town of Southold
On Fire Island -
- Villages in the Town of Islip: Ocean Beach, New York, Saltaire
- Hamlets in the Town of Brookhaven: Cherry Grove (a.k.a. Fire Island), Fire Island Pines.
- Other communities: Atlantique, Bayberry Dunes, Corneille Estates, Davis Park, Dunewood, Fair Harbor, Kismet, Lonelyville, Long Cove, Ocean Bay Park, Point o' Woods, Robbins Rest, Seaview, Watch Hill, Water Island, West Fire Island
 Sorted by name
- Amagansett, Amityville, Aquebogue, Asharoken
- Babylon (town), Babylon (village), Baiting Hollow, Bay Shore, Bayport, Baywood, Belle Terre, Bellport, Blue Point, Bohemia, Brentwood, Bridgehampton, Brightwaters, Brookhaven (town), Brookhaven (hamlet)
- Calverton, Center Moriches, Centereach, Centerport, Central Islip, Cherry Grove (a.k.a. Fire Island), Cold Spring Harbor, Commack, Copiague, Copiague Harbor, Coram, Cutchogue
- Deer Park, Dering Harbor, Dix Hills
- East Farmingdale, East Hampton (town), East Hampton (village), East Islip, East Marion, East Moriches, East Northport, East Patchogue, East Quogue, East Setauket, East Shoreham, Eastport, Eatons Neck, Elwood
- Farmingville, Fire Island (a.k.a. Cherry Grove), Fire Island Pines, Fishers Island, Flanders, Fort Salonga
- Gilgo-Oak Beach-Captree, Gordon Heights, Great River, Greenlawn, Greenport, Greenport West
- Halesite, Hampton Bays, Hauppauge, Head of the Harbor, Holbrook, Holtsville, Huntington (town), Huntington (hamlet), Huntington Bay, Huntington Station
- Islandia, Islip (town), Islip (hamlet), Islip Terrace
- Kings Park
- Lake Grove, Lake Ronkonkoma, Laurel, Lindenhurst, Lloyd Harbor
- Manorville, Mastic, Mastic Beach, Mattituck, Medford, Melville, Middle Island, Miller Place, Montauk, Moriches, Mount Sinai
- Napeague, Nesconset, New Suffolk, Nissequogue, North Amityville, North Babylon, North Bay Shore, North Bellport, North Great River, North Haven, North Lindenhurst, North Patchogue, North Sea, Northampton, Northport, Northville, Northwest Harbor, Noyack (Noyac)
- Oakdale, Ocean Beach, Old Field, Orient
- Patchogue, Peconic, Poquott, Port Jefferson, Port Jefferson Station
- Quioque (Quiogue), Quogue
- Remsenburg, Ridge, Riverhead (town), Riverhead (hamlet), Riverside, Rocky Point, Ronkonkoma
- Sag Harbor, Sagaponack, Saltaire, Sayville, Selden, Setauket, Shelter Island, Shelter Island Heights, Shinnecock Hills, Shirley, Shoreham, Smithtown (town), Smithtown (hamlet), Southampton (town), Southampton (village), Southampton (hamlet), Southold (town), Southold (hamlet), Sound Beach, South Huntington, Speonk, Springs, St. James, Stony Brook
- Terryville, Tuckahoe
- Village of the Branch
- Wading River, Wainscott, Water Mill (Watermill), West Babylon, West Bay Shore, West Gilgo Beach, West Hampton Dunes (Westhampton Dunes), West Hills, West Islip, West Sayville, Westhampton, Westhampton Beach, Wheatley Heights, Wyandanch
 See also
- Zip codes of Suffolk County, New York
- 1946 Huntington Planning Map
- Suffolk County, Farmland Development Rights
 External links
- Suffolk County, New York official site
- Suffolk County information
- Maps of Long Island
- Suffolk County heritage
- Newsday - Long Island History: Suffolk County
- Suffolk County Police
|Suffolk County, New York|