Suffolk County, New York

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Suffolk County, New York
Image:Suffolk County ny seal.png
Image:Map of New York highlighting Suffolk County.png
Location in the state of New York
Formed 1683
Seat Riverhead
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

6,146 km² (2,373 mi²)
2,373 mi²). 2,363 km² (912 mi²)
3,784 km² (1,461 mi²), 61.56%
 - (2000)
 - Density


Suffolk County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. As of 2000, the population was 1,419,369. It was named for the county of Suffolk in England, from which its earliest settlers came. The county seat is Riverhead, though many county offices are in Hauppauge on the west side of the county where most of the population lives. There are also offices in Smithtown, for the legislature, Yaphank, and Farmingville.

Suffolk and Nassau counties together are generally referred to as "Long Island" by area residents — as distinct from the New York City boroughs of Queens (Queens County) and Brooklyn (Kings County), which physically make up the island's westernmost end.

Suffolk County is the easternmost county in New York State and the New York Metropolitan Area.


[edit] History

Suffolk County was an original county of New York State, one of twelve created in 1683. Its boundaries were substantially the same as at present, with only minor changes in the boundary with its western neighbor, which was originally Queens County but since 1899 has been Nassau County. However, as western Suffolk County has become more suburbanized there has been agitation by people living in the more rural East End of the island to divide Suffolk into two counties, with the easternmost part tentatively named Peconic County, after the Peconic Bay. Supporters of the idea believe that this would create a more efficient and responsive government and would give them a larger voice than they currently have in Suffolk County as it now stands, as well as lower taxes. Peconic County would tentatively include the towns of East Hampton, Riverhead, Shelter Island, Southampton and Southold.

[edit] Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 6,146 km² (2,373 mi²). 2,363 km² (912 mi²) of it is land and 3,784 km² (1,461 mi²) of it (61.56%) is water.

Suffolk County occupies the easternmost portion of Long Island, in the southeastern portion of New York State. The eastern end of the county splits into two peninsulas, known as the North Fork and the South Fork. The county is surrounded by water on three sides, including the Atlantic Ocean and the Long Island Sound. The eastern end contains large bays. Suffolk County is divided into 10 towns: Babylon, Brookhaven, East Hampton, Huntington, Islip, Riverhead, Shelter Island, Smithtown, Southampton, and Southold.

Major facilities include Brookhaven National Laboratory in Upton and Plum Island Animal Disease Center on Plum Island. Several airports serve commuters and business travelers, most notably Long Island MacArthur Airport in Ronkonkoma, Republic Airport in East Farmingdale and Francis S. Gabreski Airport in Westhampton Beach.

[edit] Adjacent County

[edit] Law and government

Presidential elections results
Year GOP Dems
2004 48.5% 309,949 49.5% 315,909
2000 42.0% 240,992 53.4% 306,306
1996 36.1% 182,510 51.8% 261,828
1992 40.4% 220,811 38.9% 229,467
1988 60.5% 311,242 38.7% 199,215
1984 66.0% 171,295 33.7% 335,485
1980 57.0% 256,294 33.3% 149,945
1976 54.1% 248,908 45.3% 208,263
1972 70.3% 316,452 29.4% 132,441
1968 58.2% 218,027 32.7% 122,590
1964 44.4% 144,350 55.5% 180,598
1960 59.3% 166,644 40.6% 114,033

Suffolk County has long been a Republican bastion in New York. U.S. Congressman Rick Lazio, who opposed Hillary Clinton in the 2000 Senate Race was from Suffolk County. However, recent elections have turned the county more toward the Democrats. In 2003, Democrat Steve Levy was elected county executive, ending longtime Republican control. In 2001, Democrat Thomas Spota was elected District Attorney, and ran unopposed in 2005. Although Suffolk voters gave George H. W. Bush a victory here in 1992, the county voted for Bill Clinton in 1996 and continued the trend by giving Al Gore a large victory here in 2000 and John Kerry a smaller margin of victory in 2004.

Suffolk County is represented by three congressional districts, the first, second and part of the third. The former two seats are held by Democrats. Tim Bishop, a Democrat, represents the once heavily Republican first district, which includes almost half of the county, from Smithtown to Montauk, including The Hamptons and Riverhead. The second district, which includes Huntington, Brentwood and Bay Shore, is represented by Steve Israel. A Democrat, Israel won the seat vacated by Rick Lazio in 2000 when he made his unsuccessful bid for the U.S. Senate. The third district, which is mainly in Nassau County, but includes some middle-class coastal areas of southwestern Suffolk County, is represented by Peter King, a Republican.

Democratic voters in Suffolk, as well as neighboring Nassau County have helped to turn New York into a solidly Democratic state.

[edit] Suffolk County Executives

Suffolk County Executives
Name Party Term
H. Lee Dennison Democrat 19611973
John V.N. Klein Republican 19731979
Peter F. Cohalan Republican 19791986
Michael A. LoGrande* Republican 19861987
Patrick G. Halpin Democrat 19871991
Robert J. Gaffney Republican 19912003
Steve Levy Democrat 2003–Present

* Appointed to compete Cohalan's term

[edit] Suffolk County Legislature

The county is divided into 18 legislative districts, each represented by a legislator. As of 2006, there are 10 Democrats and 8 Republicans:

  1. Edward P. Romaine (R)
  2. Jay Schneiderman (R)
  3. Kate M. Browning (WF)
  4. Joseph T. Caracappa (R)
  5. Vivian Viloria-Fisher (D)
  6. Daniel P. Losquadro (R)
  7. Jack Eddington (D)
  8. William Lindsay (D)
  9. Ricardo Montano (D)
  10. Cameron Alden (R)
  11. Thomas F. Barraga (R)
  12. John M. Kennedy, Jr. (R)
  13. Lynne Nowick (R)
  14. Wayne R. Horsley (D)
  15. Elie Mystal (D)
  16. Steven H. Stern (D)
  17. Louis D'Amaro (D)
  18. Jon Cooper (D)

Republicans controlled the county legislature until a landmark election in November 2005 where three Republican seats switched to the Democrats, giving them control. William Lindsay is the current Presiding Officer of the legislature.

[edit] Law enforcement

Police services in the five western towns (Babylon, Huntington, Islip, Smithtown and Brookhaven) are provided primarily by the Suffolk County Police Department. The five "East End" towns (Riverhead, Southold, Shelter Island, East Hampton, and Southampton), maintain their own police forces. Also, a number of villages, such as Amityville, Lloyd Harbor and Westhampton Beach, maintain their own police forces. These forces, however, make use of certain county police services such as the police academy. Also, all homicides are investigated by the county police, regardless of whether or not they occur within the police district.

In an unusual move, the village of Greenport in 1994 voted to abolish its police department and turn responsibility for law and order over to the Southold Town Police Department.

All "state parkways" in Suffolk County are patrolled by Troop L of the New York State Police, headquartered at Republic Airport. State parks, such as Robert Moses State Park, are the responsibility of the New York State Park Police. In the late 1990s, the Long Island Rail Road's own police department was consolidated into the Metropolitan Transportation Authority Police.

The Suffolk County Sheriff's Office is a totally separate agency that runs the two Suffolk County correctional facilities in Yaphank and Riverhead, provides county courthouse security and detention, service and enforcement of civil papers, evictions and warrants, etc. There is also a full-service patrol unit that assists the East End town and village police forces. In addition, the Sheriff's office also has a K9 Unit, a Marine Unit, a Mounted Unit (the only horse police in Suffolk County), an Aviation Unit, a Radar Enforcement Detail (similar to SCPD Highway Patrol), a Bike Unit, an ATV Unit and a SWAT-type unit called the Emergency Response Team (ERT). Suffolk County Sheriff's investigators also participate in various task forces and undercover assignments and also carry out various types of civil and criminal investigations.

As of 2006, the Suffolk County Sheriff's Office employs about 300 deputy sheriffs and 1,000 correction officers in addition to about 200 civilian staff.

[edit] Demographics

As of the census² of 2000, there were 1,419,369 people, 469,299 households, and 360,421 families residing in the county. The population density was 601/km² (1,556/mi²). There were 522,323 housing units at an average density of 221/km² (573/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 84.60% White, 6.94% African American, 0.27% Native American, 2.45% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 3.65% from other races, and 2.06% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.53% of the population. Some main European ancestries in Suffolk county as of 2000: 28.33% Italian, 22.02% Irish, 16.95% German and 5.98% English.

There were 469,299 households out of which 37.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.00% were married couples living together, 10.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.20% were non-families. 18.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.96 and the average family size was 3.36.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.10% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 31.20% from 25 to 44, 23.30% from 45 to 64, and 11.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 95.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $65,288, and the median income for a family was $72,112. Males had a median income of $50,046 versus $33,281 for females. The per capita income for the county was $26,577. About 3.90% of families and 6.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.70% of those under age 18 and 6.30% of those age 65 or over.

Suffolk County has the highest number of Italian Americans of any county in the U.S. with over 410,000 persons claiming Italian ancestry.

[edit] Colleges and universities

Suffolk County is home to numerous colleges and universities, including the State University of New York at Stony Brook, Dowling College, Southampton College, Saint Joseph's College and Suffolk County Community College.

[edit] Indian reservations

Two Indian reservations are located within the borders of Suffolk County:

[edit] Towns, villages, and hamlets

In New York State, a town is the major subdivision of each county. Towns provide or arrange for most municipal services for residents of hamlets and selected services for residents of villages. All residents of New York who do not live in a city or on an Indian reservation live in a town. A village is an incorporated area which is usually, but not always, within a single town. A village is a clearly defined municipality that provides the services closest to the residents, such as garbage collection, street and highway maintenance, street lighting and building codes. Some villages provide their own police and other optional services. A hamlet is a populated area within a town that is not part of a village. The term "hamlet" is not defined under New York law (unlike cities, towns and villages), but is often used in the state's statutes to refer to well-known populated sections of towns that are not incorporated as villages. For more information, see the article Political subdivisions of New York State.

In 2006 Forbes Magazine ranked six Suffolk County zip codes as among the top 110 most expensive in the United States. Sagaponack, New York was ranked the most expensive zip code in the nation with a median home sale price in 2005 of $2,787,500. Water Mill, New York was ranked the sixth most expensive zip code in the nation, with a median home sale price in 2005 of $2,150,000.<ref>Forbes Lists [1]</ref>

[edit] Sorted by town

On Fire Island -

[edit] Sorted by name

[edit] See also

[edit] External links

Suffolk County, New York

County Seat



Babylon · Brookhaven · East Hampton · Huntington · Islip · Riverhead · Shelter Island · Smithtown · Southampton · Southold

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Suffolk County, New York

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