Subdivisions of Russia

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Federal subjects of the Russian Federation


Russia
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Being the largest country in the world, and one of the most populated, Russia incorporates several types and levels of subdivisions.

Contents

[edit] Federal subjects

Russia is a federation which consists of 88 subjects (Russian: субъе́кт(ы); tr.: subyekt(y)). These subjects are of equal federal rights in the sense that they have equal representation—two delegates each—in the Federation Council (upper house of the Russian parliament). However, they do differ in the degree of autonomy they enjoy. Autonomous okrugs, while federal subjects in their own right, are at the same time part of other federal subjects (Chukotka Autonomous Okrug is the only exception). The federal subjects are considered to be the second level of administrative division, being subject to the federal laws (first level).

[edit] Federal districts

All of the subjects are grouped into seven federal districts (федера́льные округа́, sing. федера́льный о́круг, federalnyye okruga, sing. federalny okrug), each administered by an envoy appointed by the President of Russia.

[edit] Economic regions

For economic and statistical purposes the federal subjects are grouped into eleven economic regions (экономи́ческие райо́ны, sing. экономи́ческий райо́н, ekonomicheskiye rayony, sing. ekonomichesky rayon).

[edit] Lower level subdivisions

The federal subjects are further subdivided (level 3):

  • Districts (райо́н(ы), rayon(y)). This is somewhat similar to the counties of the United States.
  • Cities/towns (города́, sing.: го́род, goroda, sing: gorod) and urban-type settlements (посёлки городско́го ти́па, sing.: посёлок городско́го ти́па, posyolki gorodskogo tipa, sing.: posyolok gorodskogo tipa) under the jurisdiction of the federal subject.
  • Autonomous okrugs (автоно́мные округа́, sing.: автоно́мный о́круг, avtonomnyye okruga, sing.: avtonomny okrug) under the jurisdiction of the federal subject (even though they are considered subdivisions of the lower level, they have a status of federal subjects themselves and may themselves be subdivided into districts).
Image:Russia Div.png
Map of Russia with both Federal Subjects & Districts

Level 4 subdivisions are:

  • Selsovets (сельсове́т(ы), selsovet(y)) (rural councils).
  • Towns and urban-type settlements under the jurisdiction of the district.
  • City districts.

[edit] Translation

Russian Russian transliterated English Time
Губерния Guberniya Governorate historic
Край Krai Territory (Region)
Область Oblast Province
Автономная область Avtonomnaya oblast Autonomous province
Округ Okrug District
Автономный округ Avtonomny okrug Autonomous district
Федеральный округ Federalny okrug Federal district
Сельский округ Selsky okrug Rural district
Военный округ Voyenny okrug Military district
Район Raion/Rayon District (Region, Britannica: Sector)
Внутригородской район Vnutrigorodskoy rayon City district
Экономический район Ekonomichesky rayon Economic region
Национальный район Natsionalny rayon National district
Республика Respublika Republic
Автономная республика Avtonomnaya respublika Autonomous republic historic
Совет Soviet Council historic
Сельсовет Selsoviet Rural council, rural district

[edit] See also

[edit] External links

Administrative divisions of Russia Image:Flag of Russia.svg
Federal subjects
Republics Adygea | Altai | Bashkortostan | Buryatia | Chechnya | Chuvashia | Dagestan | Ingushetia | Kabardino-Balkaria | Karelia | Khakassia | Komi | Kalmykia | Karachay-Cherkessia | Mari El | Mordovia | North Ossetia-Alania | Sakha | Tatarstan | Tuva | Udmurtia
Krais Altai | Khabarovsk | Krasnodar | Krasnoyarsk1 | Perm | Primorsky | Stavropol
Oblasts Amur | Arkhangelsk | Astrakhan | Belgorod | Bryansk | Chelyabinsk | Chita | Irkutsk2 | Ivanovo | Kaliningrad | Kaluga | Kamchatka3 | Kemerovo | Kirov | Kostroma | Kurgan | Kursk | Leningrad | Lipetsk | Magadan | Moscow | Murmansk | Nizhny Novgorod | Novgorod | Novosibirsk | Omsk | Orenburg | Oryol | Penza | Pskov | Rostov | Ryazan | Sakhalin | Samara | Saratov | Smolensk | Sverdlovsk | Tambov | Tomsk | Tula | Tver | Tyumen | Ulyanovsk | Vladimir | Volgograd | Vologda | Voronezh | Yaroslavl
Federal cities Moscow | St. Petersburg
Autonomous oblast Jewish
Autonomous okrugs Aga Buryatia | Chukotka | Evenkia1 | Khantia-Mansia | Koryakia3 | Nenetsia | Taymyria1 | Ust-Orda Buryatia2 | Yamalia
  1. On January 1, 2007, Evenk and Taymyr Autonomous Okrugs will be merged into Krasnoyarsk Krai.
  2. On January 1, 2008, Ust-Orda Buryat Autonomous Okrug will be merged into Irkutsk Oblast.
  3. On July 1 2007, Kamchatka Oblast and Koryak Autonomous Okrug will merge to form Kamchatka Krai.
Federal districts
Central | Far Eastern | Northwestern | Siberian | Southern | Urals | Volga
bg:Административно деление на Русия

cs:Subjekty Ruské federace de:Politische Gliederung Russlands et:Venemaa haldusjaotus es:Subdivisiones de Rusia fr:Sujets fédéraux de Russie ko:러시아의 행정 구역 hr:Ruski federalni subjekti lt:Rusijos federacijos subjektai hu:Oroszország közigazgatási beosztása nl:Deelgebieden van Rusland ja:ロシア連邦の地方区分 pl:Podział terytorialny Rosji pt:Subdivisões da Rússia ro:Subdiviziunile Rusiei ru:Список субъектов Российской Федерации sv:Rysslands administrativa indelning th:เขตการปกครองของสหพันธรัฐรัสเซีย uk:Адміністративний поділ Росії zh:俄罗斯行政区划

Subdivisions of Russia

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