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A statute is a formal, written law of a country or state, written and enacted by its legislative authority, perhaps to then be ratified by the highest executive in the government, and finally published. Typically, statutes command, prohibit, or declare policy. Statutes are sometimes referred to as legislation or "black letter law."

In many countries, published statutes are organized in topical arrangements called codes, such as the Civil Code of Quebec or the United States Code.

[edit] International law

The term statute is sometimes also used to refer to an international treaty that establishes an institution, such as the Statute of the European Central Bank, a protocol to the Treaty of Maastricht. This includes international courts as well, such as the Statute of the International Court of Justice and the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court.

[edit] Biblical terminology

In biblical terminology, a Statute (Hebrew chok) refers to a law given without a reason. The classic example is the Statute regarding the Red Heifer, which, legend has it, defied even the wisdom of King Solomon.

The opposite of a chok is a mishpat, a law given for a specified reason, e.g. the Sabbath laws, which were given because "God created the world in six days, but on the seventh day He rested".

[edit] See also

Image:Scale of justice.png
Core Subjects Contract Law | Tort Law | Obligations | Property law | Trusts | Public Law | Criminal Law
Public international law | Conflict of Laws | European Union Law

Further Disciplines Commercial law | Company law | Intellectual property | Unjust enrichment | Restitution
Tax law | Banking law | Competition law | Consumer protection | Environmental law | Public services
Labour law | Human rights | Immigration law | Social security | Family law | Evidence

Legal systems Common law | Civil law | Religious law | Customary law | Socialist law | Comparative law

Legal Theory History of Law | Ma'at | Babylonian Law | Roman Law | Arthashastra | Magna Carta
Jurisprudence | Positivism | Natural law | Formalism | Feminist theory
Critical legal studies | Economic analysis of law | New institutional economics

Legal Institutions Judiciary | Legislature | Executive | Military and Police | Bureaucracy | Civil society | Legal profession

de:Statut he:חוק ja:法律 ms:Statut pl:Ustawa ru:Статут (устав организации) yi:געזעץ

Statute mile


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