St. Edward's Crown

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Image:Kingcrown.jpg
St. Edward's Crown, The Coronation crown of English and British monarchs since the Restoration.

St Edward's Crown is one of the British Crown Jewels. It is the official coronation crown used exclusively in the coronation of a new monarch. It was made in 1661 for the coronation of the restored King Charles II, as the original crown was destroyed under Oliver Cromwell's order during the English Civil War. The crown made for King Charles II is reputed to contain gold from the Crown of St Edward the Confessor, an English monarch who reigned in the eleventh century, and pearls from a suite owned by Queen Elizabeth I.

Crown's design includes a base with four crosses pattee alternating with four fleurs-de-lis, above which are two arches surmounted by a cross. In the centre is a velvet cap with an ermine border. The Crown is made of solid gold and set with 444 precious stones. Formerly, it was set with jewels hired for the coronation, and then the crown was dismantled, leaving only the frame. However, in 1911, the jewels used were set permanently.

Image:EnglishCoronationRegalia.jpg
Coronation Chair and Regalia of England

Traditionally, it is the Crown used to crown the Sovereign during a coronation. Queen Victoria and Edward VII chose not to be crowned in it because it weighs 4 lb 12 oz (2.155 kg). They chose to be crowned with the lighter Imperial State Crown.

St. Edward's Crown is used to convey royal authority on coats-of-arms, badges, etc., in the various Commonwealth Realms.

[edit] See also


Crowns Image:Krone Kaiser Rudolf II Kaisertum Österreich.jpg
European & World Crowns

Crown of Bavaria | Crown of Christian IV (Denmark) | Crown of Christian V (Denmark) | Crown of Charlemagne (France) | Crown of Empress Eugenie (France) | Crown of Frederick I (Prussia) | Crown of Louis XV (France) | Crown of Napoleon (France) | Crown of Norway | Crown of Elisabeta (Romania) | Crown of Maria (Romania) | Crown of Wilhelm II (Prussia) | Crown of St. Stephen (Hungary) | Crown of St. Wenceslas (Czech lands) | Crown of the Polish Kingdom (Poland) | Kiani Crown (Persia) | Imperial Crown of Austria | Imperial Crown of Brazil | Imperial Crown of the Holy Roman Empire | Imperial Crown of Mexico | Imperial Crown of Russia | Iron Crown of Lombardy | Monomakh's Cap (Muscovy) | Royal Crown of Serbia | Steel Crown of Romania | Pahlavi Crown (Iran) | Papal Tiara


English, Scottish & British Crowns (by chronology)

Crown of Scotland | St. Edward's Crown | Crown of Mary of Modena | State Crown of George I | Crown of Frederick, Prince of Wales | Coronation Crown of George IV | Crown of Queen Adelaide | Imperial State Crown | Small diamond crown of Queen Victoria | Crown of Queen Alexandra | Crown of George, Prince of Wales | Crown of Queen Mary | Imperial Crown of India | Crown of Queen Elizabeth | Crown of Charles, Prince of Wales


See also: Coronation | Crown Jewels | Heir Apparent | Heir Presumptive | King | Monarchy | Queen | Regalia | Royal Family

de:Edwardskrone he:כתר אדוארד הקדוש ru:Корона святого Эдуарда

St. Edward's Crown

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