Shibuya, Tokyo

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This article is about the ward in Tokyo. For the music style, see Shibuya-kei.
Shibuya
渋谷区
Location
Country Japan
Region Kantō
Prefecture Tokyo
Physical characteristics
Area 15.11 km²
Population (as of 2005)
     Total 195,877
     Density 12,960/km²
Symbols
Shibuya Hall
Mayor Toshitake Kuwahara
Official website: Shibuya


Shibuya (渋谷区 Shibuya-ku?) is one of the 23 special wards of Tokyo, Japan. As of 2005, it has an estimated population of 195,877 and a density of 12,960 persons per km². The total area is 15.11 km².

The name "Shibuya" is also used to refer to the central business district of Shibuya Ward, which surrounds Shibuya Station, one of Tokyo's busiest railway stations. Shibuya is known as one of the fashion centers of Japan, particularly for young people, and as a major nightlife area.

In addition to this area, Shibuya Ward includes other well-known commercial and residential districts such as Daikanyama, Ebisu, Harajuku, Hiroo, Omotesandō, Sendagaya and Yoyogi (the latter two are part of the Shinjuku Station area).

Image:Map Shibuya-ku en.png
Location of Shibuya-ku in Tokyo.
Image:Picture 245.JPG
Top view of the Shibuya Crossing

Contents

[edit] History

Image:Hachiko1233.jpg
Hachikō, an Akita dog, was a Shibuya fixture during the late 1920s and early 1930s; his statue near Shibuya Station is a popular meeting spot.

Following the opening of the Yamanote Line in 1885, Shibuya began to emerge as a railway terminal for southwest Tokyo, and eventually as a major commercial and entertainment center. Shibuya was incorporated as a village in 1889, as a town in 1909, as a ward of Tokyo City in 1932, and as a ward of Tokyo Metropolis in 1943. The present-day special ward was established on March 15, 1947.

One of the most well-known stories concerning Shibuya is the story of Hachikō, a dog who waited on his late master at Shibuya Station every day from 1923 to 1935, eventually becoming a national celebrity for his loyalty. A statue of Hachikō was built adjacent to the station, and the surrounding Hachikō Square is now the most popular meeting point in the area.

Yoyogi Park in Shibuya was one of the main venues for the 1964 Summer Olympics.

Shibuya has achieved great popularity among young people in the last thirty years. There are several famous fashion department stores in Shibuya. Shibuya 109—called "Ichi-Maru-kyū", which translates as 1-0-9 in Japanese, is actually a pun on the name of the corporation that owns it—Tokyu—which translates as 10-9 in Japanese—is a major shopping center near Shibuya Station, particularly famous as the origin of the kogal subculture. The contemporary fashion scene in Shibuya extends northward from Shibuya Station to Harajuku, where youth culture reigns; Omotesandō, the zelkova tree and fashion brand lined street; and Sendagaya, Tokyo's apparel design district. (See: List of apparel design shops in Sendagaya)

During the late 1990s, Shibuya also became known as the center of the IT industry in Japan. It was often called "Bit Valley" in English, a pun on "Bitter Valley", the literal translation of "Shibuya".

[edit] Sightseeing and historic sites

[edit] Green areas

Image:MeijiShrineTorii1167.jpg
A torii at Meiji Shrine, one of the largest green spaces in Tokyo.
Image:Shibuya mark city.jpg
Shibuya New Face. Shibuya MarkCity

[edit] Buildings

[edit] Streets

Image:Omotesando Winter.jpg
Omotesando in winter
  • Aoyama Street, a major east-west thoroughfare
  • Dōgen-zaka, a road in central Shibuya famous for its surrounding nightclubs and love hotels
  • Kōen Street, in central Shibuya between Shibuya Station and Yoyogi Park
  • Meiji Avenue, a major north-south thoroughfare parallel to the Yamanote Line
  • Miyamasu-zaka
  • Omotesandō, an avenue leading up to the Meiji Shrine with a number of famous brand boutiques
  • Spain-zaka
  • Takeshita Street, a shopping street through Harajuku
  • Yamanote Street

[edit] Other

  • Shibuya is famous for its scramble crossing called Center Gai (センター街 sentaa gai), which is reportedly the world's busiest. It is located in front of Shibuya Station and uses a four-way stop to allow pedestrians to inundate the entire intersection. Three large TV screens mounted on nearby buildings overlook the crossing. The Starbucks store overlooking the crossing is also one of the busiest in the world. The 2003 United States movie Lost in Translation featured a scene at the crossing.
  • A mock Moai statue, a gift from the people of Niijima, one of Tokyo's islands
  • Eighteen embassies are located in Shibuya.

[edit] Transportation

[edit] Rail

The main station in Shibuya is Shibuya Station.

[edit] Highway

[edit] Education

[edit] Colleges and universities

[edit] People

[edit] Companies

Image:20030726 26 July 2003 SHIBUYA109 Shibuya Tokyo Japan.jpg
The Shibuya 109 ("Marukyu") shopping complex is known as the origin of the kogal subculture in Japan.

[edit] Shibuya in popular culture

[edit] See also

[edit] External links


Image:Tokyo region shadow picture.png Tokyo Metropolis
Wards: Adachi | Arakawa | Bunkyō | Chiyoda | Chūō | Edogawa | Itabashi | Katsushika | Kita | Kōtō | Meguro | Minato | Nakano | Nerima | Ōta | Setagaya | Shibuya | Shinagawa | Shinjuku | Suginami | Sumida | Toshima | Taitō
Cities: Akiruno | Akishima | Chōfu | Fuchū | Fussa | Hachiōji | Hamura | Higashikurume | Higashimurayama | Higashiyamato | Hino | Inagi | Kiyose | Kodaira | Koganei | Kokubunji | Komae | Kunitachi | Machida | Mitaka | Musashimurayama | Musashino | Nishi-Tōkyō | Ōme | Tachikawa | Tama
Districts and Subprefectures: Nishitama District | Hachijō Subprefecture | Miyake Subprefecture | Ogasawara Subprefecture | Ōshima Subprefecture
zh-min-nan:Sibuya-khu

de:Shibuya es:Shibuya (Tokio) fr:Shibuya ko:시부야 구 id:Shibuya it:Shibuya (Tokyo) ja:渋谷区 no:Shibuya pt:Shibuya fi:Shibuya sv:Shibuya zh:澀谷區

Shibuya, Tokyo

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