Second Battle of Shipka Pass

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Second Battle of Shipka Pass
Part of the Russo-Turkish War, 1877–78
Date August 2126, 1877
Location Shipka Village, Bulgaria
Result Russian victory
Russia Ottoman Empire
General Darozhinsky Suleiman Pasha
5,000 30,000
3,600 10,000
Russo-Turkish War, 1877-1878
Kızıl-TepeSimnitzaSvistovNikopol1st Shipka Pass2nd Shipka PassLovcha3rd Shipka PassGorni-DubnikKarsPlevenTashkessen4th Shipka PassPlovdiv

The Second Battle of Shipka Pass took place in 1877.

After taking the pass in July, 1877 the Russian forces built up a defensive position there. Russian General Darozhinsky placed his 5,000 defenders on three positions at St. Nicholas, Central Hill and the reserves in between these two points.

Suleiman Pasha gathered 30,000 Turks and was determined to retake the pass instead of simply bypassing it. On August 21 the Turks bombarded the Russian positions and then made an attack against St. Nicholas. The attack was repulsed and the Turks dug in 100 yards away. The next day the Turks moved their artillery up the mountain side and bombarded the pass while the infantry moved around the Russian flank. On August 23 the Turks attacked all Russian positions with the main attack again aimed at St. Nicholas. One Russian unit began to retreat on Central Hill but rallied when the 4th Rifle Brigade arrived and all Turkish attacks were repulsed. On the 26th a Turkish attack on St. Nicholas reached the Russian trenches but was repulsed by a bayonet charge. More Russian reinforcements arrived and on the 26th an attack was made against the Turkish position but driven back to Central Hill. This ended the battle for all practical purposes.

The Russians and Bulgarians, outnumbered 5 to 1 had made a gallant stand. Suleiman would attempt to retake the pass one more time in 1877.

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