Scottish inventions and discoveries

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Scottish inventions and discoveries are objects, processes or techniques which owe their existence either partially or entirely to a person born in Scotland; in some cases, the invention's Scottishness is determined by the fact that they were brought into existence in Scotland (e.g. animal cloning), by non-Scots working in the country. Often, things which are discovered for the first time, are also called "inventions", and in many cases, there is no clear line between the two.

The Scots take enormous pride in the history of Scottish invention and discovery. There are many books devoted solely to the subject, as well as scores of websites listing Scottish inventions and discoveries with varying degrees of exhaustiveness and accuracy.

Even before the Industrial Revolution, Scots have been at the forefront of innovation and discovery across a wide range of spheres: the steam engine, the bicycle, tarmacadam roads, the telephone, television, the transistor, the motion picture, penicillin, electromagnetics, radar, insulin and calculus are only a few of the most significant products of Scottish ingenuity.

The following is a list of inventions or discoveries often held to be in some way Scottish:

Contents

[edit] Road Transport Innovations

[edit] Civil Engineering Innovations

[edit] Bridges

[edit] Canals & Docks

[edit] Lighthouses

[edit] Power Innovations

[edit] Shipbuilding Innovations

[edit] Other Scottish shipbuilding firsts:

[edit] Heavy Industry Innovations

[edit] Agricultural Innovations

[edit] Communication Innovations

[edit] Some Scottish publishing firsts:

[edit] Scientific innovations

[edit] Medical Innovations

[edit] Household Innovations

[edit] Weapons Innovations

[edit] See also

[edit] References

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