Scottish Parliament constituencies and regions

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The Scottish Parliament (Holyrood) has 73 constituencies, each electing one Member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP) by the plurality (first past the post) system of election, and eight additional member regions, each electing seven additional member MSPs. Each constituency is a sub-division of a region, the additional members system is designed to produce proportional representation for each region, and the total number of MSPs elected to the parliament is 129. For references to lists of MSPs, see Member of the Scottish Parliament.


[edit] Boundaries

Until the United Kingdom general election of 2005 the first past the post constituencies were the same as for the House of Commons (United Kingdom Parliament, Westminster) (apart from Orkney and Shetland, which were separate constituencies at Holyrood, but not at Westminster). The Scottish Parliament (Constituencies) Act 2004 enabled a new set of House of Commons constituencies to be formed in Scotland in 2005<ref>See The 5th Periodical Report of the Boundary Commission for Scotland</ref>, reducing their number and, therefore, the number of Scottish Members of Parliament (MPs) to 59, without change to the Holyrood constituencies and the number of MSPs. For Westminster constituencies, see List of UK Parliamentary constituencies in Scotland.

The boundaries of Westminster constituencies, as they existed until 2005, had not been subject to full-scale review since the period, 1975 to 1996, of local government regions and districts. Many Holyrood constituencies, retaining those boundaries as they do, now straddle boundaries between council areas created in 1996. Newer Westminster constituencies also straddle council area boundaries but, in Westminster representation, there is a clear sense of council areas being grouped into larger areas: the East Ayrshire council area, North Ayrshire council area and South Ayrshire council area, for example, are treated as a single Ayrshire area.

Various council areas are divided between two Holyrood electoral regions. One council area, the South Lanarkshire council area, is divided between three different electoral regions.

The Arbuthnott Commission, in its final report, January 2006, recommended that, in future, council area boundaries and Holyrood and Westminster constituency boundaries should all be reviewed together.

[edit] First past the post seats (constituencies)

Constituency Additional members region
Aberdeen Central North East Scotland
Aberdeen North North East Scotland
Aberdeen South North East Scotland
Airdrie and Shotts Central Scotland
Angus North East Scotland
Argyll and Bute Highlands and Islands
Ayr South of Scotland
Banff and Buchan North East Scotland
Caithness, Sutherland and Easter Ross Highlands and Islands
Carrick, Cumnock and Doon Valley South of Scotland
Central Fife Mid Scotland and Fife
Clydesdale South of Scotland
Clydebank and Milngavie West of Scotland
Coatbridge and Chryston Central Scotland
Cumbernauld and Kilsyth Central Scotland
Cunninghame North West of Scotland
Cunninghame South South of Scotland
Dumbarton West of Scotland
Dumfries South of Scotland
Dundee East North East Scotland
Dundee West North East Scotland
Dunfermline East Mid Scotland and Fife
Dunfermline West Mid Scotland and Fife
East Kilbride Central Scotland
East Lothian South of Scotland
Eastwood West of Scotland
Edinburgh Central Lothians
Edinburgh East and Musselburgh Lothians
Edinburgh North and Leith Lothians
Edinburgh Pentlands Lothians
Edinburgh South Lothians
Edinburgh West Lothians
Falkirk East Central Scotland
Falkirk West Central Scotland
Galloway and Upper Nithsdale South of Scotland
Glasgow Anniesland Glasgow
Glasgow Baillieston Glasgow
Glasgow Cathcart Glasgow
Glasgow Govan Glasgow
Glasgow Kelvin Glasgow
Glasgow Maryhill Glasgow
Glasgow Pollok Glasgow
Glasgow Rutherglen Glasgow
Glasgow Shettleston Glasgow
Glasgow Springburn Glasgow
Gordon North East Scotland
Greenock and Inverclyde West of Scotland
Hamilton North and Bellshill Central Scotland
Hamilton South Central Scotland
Inverness East, Nairn and Lochaber Highlands and Islands
Kilmarnock and Loudoun Central Scotland
Kirkcaldy Mid Scotland and Fife
Linlithgow Lothians
Livingston Lothians
Midlothian Lothians
Moray Highlands and Islands
Motherwell and Wishaw Central Scotland
North East Fife Mid Scotland and Fife
North Tayside Mid Scotland and Fife
Ochil Mid Scotland and Fife
Orkney Highlands and Islands
Paisley North West of Scotland
Paisley South West of Scotland
Perth Mid Scotland and Fife
Ross, Skye and Inverness West Highlands and Islands
Roxburgh and Berwickshire South of Scotland
Shetland Highlands and Islands
Stirling Mid Scotland and Fife
Strathkelvin and Bearsden West of Scotland
Tweeddale, Ettrick and Lauderdale South of Scotland
West Aberdeenshire and Kincardine North East Scotland
Western Isles Highlands and Islands
West Renfrewshire West of Scotland

[edit] Regions

Region Constituencies
Central Scotland Airdrie and Shotts
Coatbridge and Chryston
Cumbernauld and Kilsyth
East Kilbride
Falkirk East
Falkirk West
Hamilton North and Bellshill
Hamilton South
Kilmarnock and Loudoun
Motherwell and Wishaw
Glasgow Glasgow Anniesland
Glasgow Baillieston
Glasgow Cathcart
Glasgow Govan
Glasgow Kelvin
Glasgow Maryhill
Glasgow Pollok
Glasgow Rutherglen
Glasgow Shettleston
Glasgow Springburn
Highlands and Islands Argyll and Bute
Caithness, Sutherland and Easter Ross
Inverness East, Nairn and Lochaber
Ross, Skye and Inverness West
Western Isles
Lothians Edinburgh Central
Edinburgh East and Musselburgh
Edinburgh North and Leith
Edinburgh Pentlands
Edinburgh South
Edinburgh West
Mid Scotland and Fife Central Fife
Dunfermline East
Dunfermline West
North East Fife
North Tayside
North East Scotland Aberdeen Central
Aberdeen North
Aberdeen South
Banff and Buchan
Dundee East
Dundee West
West Aberdeenshire and Kincardine
South of Scotland Ayr
Carrick, Cumnock and Doon Valley
Cunninghame South
East Lothian
Galloway and Upper Nithsdal
Roxburgh and Berwickshire
Tweeddale, Ettrick and Lauderdale
West of Scotland Clydebank and Milngavie
Cunninghame North
Greenock and Inverclyde
Paisley North
Paisley South
Strathkelvin and Bearsden
West Renfrewshire

[edit] Footnote

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Scottish Parliament constituencies and regions

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