Saratoga County, New York

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Saratoga County, New York
Image:Saratoga County ny seal.gif
Image:Map of New York highlighting Saratoga County.svg
Location in the state of New York
Formed 1791
Seat Ballston Spa
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

2,185 km² (844 mi²)
2,103 km² (812 mi²)
83 km² (32 mi²), 3.78%
 - (2000)
 - Density


Saratoga County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. As of 2000, the population was 200,635. It is part of the Albany-Schenectady-Troy Metropolitan Statistical Area. The county seat is Ballston Spa. The name is a corruption of an Indian word "sah-rah-ka" or "Sarach-togue", supposed to mean "the hill beside the river".


[edit] History

When counties were established in the Province of New York in 1683, the present Saratoga County was part of Albany County. This was an enormous county, including the northern part of New York State as well as all of the present State of Vermont and, in theory, extending westward to the Pacific Ocean. This county was reduced in size on July 3, 1766 by the creation of Cumberland County, and further on March 16, 1770 by the creation of Gloucester County, both containing territory now in Vermont.

Then, on March 12, 1772, Albany County was divided into the counties of Albany, Tryon (now Montgomery), and Charlotte (now Washington). From 1772 to 1786 Albany County included, besides the present territory of Albany County, all of the present Columbia, Rensselaer, Saratoga, and Schenectady Counties, parts of the present Greene and Washington Counties, and a piece of what is now southwestern Vermont.

In 1786, Albany County was reduced in size by the splitting off of Columbia County.

In 1791, Saratoga County (as well as Rensselaer County) was split off from Albany County.

[edit] Geography

Saratoga County is in the northeastern part of New York State, north of Albany, northwest of Troy, and east of Utica.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,185 km² (844 mi²). 2,103 km² (812 mi²) of it is land and 83 km² (32 mi²) of it (3.78%) is water.

[edit] Law & Government

Saratoga County has usually been a Republican leaning county in most major elections. George W. Bush won the county narrowly in 2004 with 52% of the vote. The majority of the county is represented in Congress by Democrat Kirsten Gillibrand, starting with the new Congress in January of 2007, with the exception being the town of Waterford, which is represented by Democrat Michael R. McNulty.

In the State Senate, the county is divided between Republicans Joseph Bruno and Hugh Farley, while in the State Assembly Democrat Robert Reilly, along with Republicans James Tedisco and Teresa Sayward each represent portions of the county.

Democratic strength is best shown in the City of Saratoga Springs, which has voted Democratic in every presidential election since 1988. In 2005, the Democrats gained a majority on the Saratoga Springs City Council after decades of Republican dominance.

Sartoga County is governed by a Board Of Supervisors, with each town Supervisor acting as the representative from that community. The City of Saratoga Springs elects two Supervisors and the City of Mechanicville elects one supervisor to sit on the Board of Supervisors, but have no power on their respective City Councils. The Political makeup of the 2006-2007 Board is 18 Republicans and 5 Democrats. Republicans hold the county wide offices of Sheriff, District Attorney, County Clerk, Treasurer, and Judges of the County, Family, and the Seregate's Courts.

[edit] Cities, Towns, and Villages

==> label within parentheses shows official political level.

[edit] Adjacent Counties

[edit] Demographics

As of the census² of 2000, there were 200,635 people, 78,165 households, and 53,699 families residing in the county. The population density was 95/km² (247/mi²). There were 86,701 housing units at an average density of 41/km² (107/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.98% White, 1.36% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 1.04% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.42% from other races, and 1.00% from two or more races. 1.41% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 78,165 households out of which 33.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.20% were married couples living together, 9.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.30% were non-families. 24.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.00% under the age of 18, 7.80% from 18 to 24, 31.50% from 25 to 44, 24.20% from 45 to 64, and 11.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 97.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $49,460, and the median income for a family was $58,213. Males had a median income of $40,901 versus $29,583 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,945. About 3.80% of families and 5.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.50% of those under age 18 and 5.80% of those age 65 or over.

[edit] Business

[edit] Recreation

Saratoga County is extremely popular between late July and early September each year due to the Saratoga Race Course being open. This world-famous track dates back to 1863. Horse-racing fans come from all over to watch the races. Besides the horses, Saratoga County is also famous for its role in American History, being the home of the Battle of Saratoga. The Saratoga National Historical Park is located along the Hudson River in Stillwater, and features a drive-around atmosphere where you can drive up to each station. The Park is also famous for its outstanding views of the area's natural scenery and Vermont's Green Mountains in the distance.

Also nearby is Adirondack State Park, one of the largest parks in the nation. Part of Northwestern Saratoga County lies within the boundaries of the Park.

Saratoga County is just to the North of Albany County, the Capital of New York State.

[edit] External links

Municipalities and Communities of Saratoga County, New York
(County seat: Ballston Spa)
Cities Mechanicville | Saratoga Springs
Villages Ballston Spa | Corinth | Galway | Round Lake | Schuylerville | South Glens Falls | Stillwater | Victory | Waterford
Towns Ballston | Charlton | Clifton Park | Corinth | Day | Edinburg | Galway | Greenfield | Hadley | Halfmoon
Malta | Moreau | Northumberland | Providence | Saratoga | Stillwater | Waterford | Wilton
Hamlets Ballston Lake | Burnt Hills | Country Knolls | Crescent | Gansevoort | Rexford
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Capital Albany

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de:Saratoga County

pl:Hrabstwo Saratoga pt:Condado de Saratoga

Saratoga County, New York

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