San Diego, California

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San Diego, California
Image:San Diego City Flag.png
Image:San Diego City Seal.png
Flag Seal
Nickname: "America's Finest City"
Location of San Diego
within San Diego County
Coordinates: 32°42′54″N, 117°09′45″W
Country United States
State California
County San Diego
Mayor Jerry Sanders
City Attorney Michael Aguirre
City Council Scott Peters
Kevin Faulconer
Toni Atkins
Tony Young
Brian Maienschein
Donna Frye
Jim Madaffer
Ben Hueso
 - City 963.6 km²  (372.0 sq mi)
 - Land 840.0 km²  (324.3 sq mi)
 - Water 123.5 km² (47.7 sq mi)
Elevation 22 m  (72 ft)
 - City (2006) 1,311,162<ref name=e1>Template:Cite web</ref>
 - Density 1,456.4/km² (3,772.07/sq mi)
 - Metro 2,933,462
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 - Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)

Other City Symbols
City Flower: Carnation
City Urban Tree: Jacaranda
City Native Tree: Torrey Pine


San Diego is a coastal Southern California city located in the southwestern corner of the continental United States. As of 2006, the city has a population of 1,311,162<ref name=e1/> people. It is the second largest city in California and the eighth largest in the United States.<ref>Template:Cite web</ref> The larger metropolitan area is the seventeenth-largest in the United States, with a population over 2.9 million. It lies just north of the Mexican border (shares border with Tijuana, Mexico), and is a home for United States Navy, United States Coast Guard and United States Marine Corps bases, many miles of beaches, and a mild Mediterranean climate. The annual mean temperature is 64.4 degrees Fahrenheit (18°C). San Diego's economy centers on tourism, trade, agriculture, ship-building, the military, biotechnology, computer science and electronics.

The University of California, San Diego and nearby research institutes on Torrey Mesa provide a base for technological innovation and there are numerous high-tech and biotech companies in the area, such as Qualcomm, Neurocrine, Illumina, and Genentech of Oceanside. Major tourists attractions include the city's beaches and bays, Balboa Park with its many museums, the San Diego Zoo, Sea World, San Diego Wild Animal Park and Old Town, the site of the original Spanish settlement.

Downtown San Diego is located on San Diego Bay. Balboa Park lies on a mesa to the northeast. It is surrounded by several dense urban communities and abruptly ends with Mission Valley to the north. Coronado and Point Loma separate San Diego Bay from the ocean. Ocean Beach is on the west side of Point Loma. Mission Beach and Pacific Beach lie between the ocean and Mission Bay, a man-made aquatic park. La Jolla, an affluent community, lies north of Pacific Beach. Mount Soledad in La Jolla offers views from northern San Diego County to Mexico.

Mountains rise to the east of the city, and beyond the mountains are desert areas. Cleveland National Forest is a half-hour drive from downtown San Diego. Numerous farms are found in the valleys northeast of the city. The city of San Diego itself has deep canyons separating its mesas, creating small pockets of natural parkland scattered throughout the city.

Military bases in or near San Diego include U.S. Navy ports, Marine Corps bases, and Coast Guard stations. San Diego is the home port of the largest naval fleet in the world, including two Navy supercarriers (the USS Nimitz and the USS Ronald Reagan), five amphibious assault ships, several Los Angeles-class submarines, and many smaller ships.

One of the Marine Corps' two Recruit Depots is located here. San Diego is also known as the "birthplace of naval aviation," although Pensacola, Florida makes a rival claim.

Four Navy vessels have been named USS San Diego in honor of the city.<ref>Template:Cite web</ref>


[edit] History

The area has long been inhabited by the Kumeyaay people. The first European to visit the region was Portuguese explorer Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo, who sailed his flagship, the San Salvador, from Navidad (Mexico). Cabrillo claimed the bay for Spain and named the site San Miguel. In November of 1602, Sebastian Vizcaíno arrived with his flagship "San Diego," sent north by Spain from Navidad in Mexico. Vizcaíno surveyed the harbor and what is now Mission Bay and Point Loma, naming the area for the Spanish Catholic saint St. Didacus (More commonly known as San Diego). On November 12, 1602, the first Christian religious service of record in California was conducted by Fray Antonio de la Ascensión, a member of Vizcaíno's expedition, to celebrate the feast day of San Diego.

In 1769, the Presidio of San Diego (military post), which overlooks Old Town, was established at almost the same time as Mission San Diego de Alcalá was founded by the Franciscan friars led by Junípero Serra. By 1797 the mission boasted the largest native population in Alta California (over 1,400 neophytes lived in and around the mission proper). Mission San Diego de Alcalá's fortunes declined in the 1830s after the decree of secularization was enacted, as was the case with all of the missions. In 1847 San Diego was a destination of the 2000 mile march of the Mormon_Battalion which the built the city's first courthouse with brick.

With the end of the Mexican-American War and the gold rush of 1848, San Diego was designated the seat of the newly-established San Diego County and was incorporated as a city in 1850. In the years before World War I, the anti-capitalist labor union IWW had a major impact on labor struggles in San Diego. ([1]).

Significant U.S. Naval presence began in 1907 with the establishment of the Navy Coaling Station, which gave further impetus to the development of the town. San Diego hosted two World's Fairs, the Panama-California Exposition in 1915 and the California Pacific International Exposition in 1935. Many of the Spanish/Baroque-style buildings in the city's Balboa Park were built for these expositions (especially for the one in 1915). Intended to be temporary structures, most remained in continuous use until they progressively fell into disrepair. All were eventually rebuilt using castings of the original facades to faithfully retain the architectural style.

Image:Horton view.jpg
Downtown San Diego, seen from Horton Plaza.

After World War II, the military played an increasing role in the local economy. But at the end of the Cold War the local economy experienced a downturn due to cutbacks in the local defense and aerospace industry. San Diego leaders sought to diversify the city's economy, and San Diego has since become a major center of the emerging biotech industry. It is also home to telecommunications giant Qualcomm.

A series of scandals has rocked the city in recent years. With mounting pressure due to underfunding of pensions for city employees that began prior to his administration, Mayor Dick Murphy, in April 2005, announced his intention to resign by mid-July. Two city council members, Ralph Inzunza and deputy mayor Michael Zucchet -- who was to take Murphy's place -- were ultimately convicted of extortion, wire fraud, and conspiracy to commit wire fraud for taking campaign contributions from a strip club owner and his associates, allegedly in exchange for trying to repeal the city's "no touch" laws at strip clubs. Both subsequently resigned. The judge later set aside (overturned) the conviction in Zucchet's case.

On November 28, 2005, U.S. Congressman Randy "Duke" Cunningham resigned over a bribery scandal. Cunningham represented California's 50th congressional district, which mostly lies outside (north) of the city of San Diego proper. He is currently serving a one-hundred month sentence in prison.

Downtown San Diego has been enjoying an urban renewal since the 1980s, beginning with the opening of Horton Plaza, the revival of the Gaslamp Quarter, and the construction of the San Diego Convention Center. The Centre City Development Corporation (CCDC), San Diego's downtown redevelopment agency, has transformed what was a largely abandoned downtown into a glittering showcase of waterfront skyscrapers, live-work loft developments, five-star hotels and a slew of cafes, restaurants and shops.

The North Embarcadero is slated to have parks in addition to a waterfront promenade. And Balboa Park will be linked to downtown with a view corridor. The recent boom in the construction of condos and skyscrapers has brought with it a gentrification frenzy, and some people are concerned that speculators have played too big a role in the condo market downtown. In the meantime, the city is committed to a "smart growth" development scheme that would increase density along transit corridors in older neighborhoods (the "City of Villages" planning concept.) Some neighborhoods are resisting this planning approach. But "mixed-use development" has had its successes, especially the award-winning Uptown Shopping Center in Hillcrest.

The latest accomplishment of CCDC has been the recent inauguration of PETCO Park. The once-industrial East Village adjacent to the new ballpark is now the new frontier in San Diego's downtown urban renewal.

[edit] Demographics

Image:SANO1 015.jpg
Downtown San Diego

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 1,223,400 people, 450,691 households, and 271,315 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,771.9 people per square mile (1,456.4/km²). There were 469,689 housing units at an average density of 1,448.1 per square mile (559.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city is as follows:

There were 450,691 households out of which 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.6% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.8% were non-families. 28.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.30.

In the city the population was spread out with 24.0% under the age of 18, 12.4% from 18 to 24, 34.0% from 25 to 44, 19.1% from 45 to 64, and 10.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 101.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $45,733, and the median income for a family was $53,060. Males had a median income of $36,984 versus $31,076 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,609. About 10.6% of families and 14.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.0% of those under age 18 and 7.6% of those age 65 or over.

[edit] Current estimates

According to estimates by the San Diego Association of Governments, the median household income of San Diego in 2005 was $62,085 (not adjusted for inflation). When adjusted for inflation (1999 dollars; comparable to Census data above), the median household income was $50,415.

[edit] Communities and neighborhoods

Further information: San Diego County, California

Northern: Bay Ho, Bay Park, Carmel Valley, Clairemont Mesa East, Claremont Mesa West, Del Mar Heights, La Jolla, La Jolla Village, Mission Beach, North City, North Clairemont, Pacific Beach, Torrey Pines, University City.

Northeastern: Carmel Mountain Ranch, Miramar, Mira Mesa, Rancho Bernardo, Rancho Peñasquitos, Sabre Springs, San Pasqual Valley, Scripps Ranch, Sorrento Valley, Tierrasanta

Eastern: Allied Gardens, Birdland, Del Cerro, Grantville, Kearny Mesa, Lake Murray, Mission Valley East, San Carlos, Serra Mesa

Western: Hillcrest, La Playa, Linda Vista, Loma Portal, Midtown, Midway District, Mission Hills, Mission Valley West, Morena, North Park, Ocean Beach, Old Town, Point Loma Heights, Roseville-Fleetridge, Sunset Cliffs, University Heights, Wooded Area

Central: Balboa Park, Bankers Hill, Barrio Logan, Core-Columbia, Cortez, Gaslamp Quarter, Golden Hill, Grant Hill, Horton Plaza, Little Italy, Logan Heights, Marina, Memorial, Sherman Heights, South Park, Stockton

Mid-City: City Heights, College Area, Darnall, El Cerrito, Gateway, Kensington, Normal Heights, Oak Park, Rolando, Talmadge, Webster

Southeastern: Alta Vista, Bay Terrace, Broadway Heights, Chollas View, Emerald Hills, Encanto, Jamacha-Lomita, Lincoln Park, Mountain View, Mt. Hope, Paradise Hills, Shelltown, Skyline, Southcrest, Valencia Park

Southern: Egger Highlands, Nestor, Ocean Crest, Otay Mesa, Otay Mesa West, Palm City, San Ysidro, Tijuana River Valley

[edit] Downtown San Diego

Main article: Downtown San Diego
Image:Moon Monster2.jpg
Downtown San Diego at night, as seen from the west. San Diego Bay is in the foreground, and to the far right is the San Diego-Coronado Bay Bridge.

Downtown San Diego is the city center of San Diego, California and the central business district of the surrounding metropolitan area. Downtown San Diego is literally the city center as the name "Centre City" implies, as it is located in the heart of San Diego County. Many of the city's tallest, most important, and historic buildings are in this area. Downtown San Diego is delimited by San Diego Bay to the west, Hillcrest to the north, San Diego Freeway to the west, and National City to the south. San Diego International Airport is just northwest of downtown.

[edit] Economy

Several areas of San Diego (in particular, the La Jolla, Torrey Pines and surrounding Sorrento Valley areas) are home to offices and research facilities for biomedical corporate giants as well as those of many smaller, independent research companies and startups. In June 2004, San Diego was ranked the top biotech cluster in the U.S. by the Milken Institute[citation needed]. The presence of University of California, San Diego and other research institutions helped fuel this high technology growth.

National defense is a major employer in the city and the region as a whole due to a large presence of military installations. Tourism is also a major industry owing to the city's climate and other major attractions. Major tourist destinations include the San Diego Zoo and its sister park, the Wild Animal Park, Seaworld San Diego, Balboa Park and the city's numerous beaches.

San Diego is also home to companies that develop wireless cellular technology. Qualcomm Incorporated was founded and is headquartered here, and the company is the county's largest private-sector technology employer (excluding hospitals), with more than 6,000 employees in San Diego.<ref>Template:Cite web</ref> Other companies also have research and development labs in San Diego, principally focused on cloning Qualcomm's CDMA cellular technology.

The economy of San Diego is also influenced by its port, which includes the only major shipbuilding yard on the West Coast, as well as the naval base.

[edit] Climate

San Diego enjoys mild, sunny weather throughout the year. Average monthly temperatures range from about 57 Fahrenheit (14 °C) in January to 72 Fahrenheit (22 °C) in July, although late summer and early autumn are typically the hottest times of the year. Snow and ice do not occur in the wintertime. "May gray and June gloom", a local saying, refers to the way in which San Diego sometimes has trouble shaking off the fog that comes in during those months. Temperatures soar to very high readings only on rare occasions, chiefly when easterly winds bring hot, dry air from the inland deserts (these winds are called "Santa Anas"). The average annual precipitation is less than 12 inches (300 mm), resulting in a borderline arid climate. Rainfall is strongly concentrated in the cooler half of the year, particularly the months December through March. The summer months are virtually rainless. Rainfall is highly variable from year to year and from month to month, and San Diego is subject to both droughts and floods. Thunderstorms and hurricanes are very rare.

Climate in the San Diego area often varies dramatically over short geographical distances, due to the city's topography (the Bay, and the numerous hills, mountains, and canyons): frequently, particularly during the "May gray / June gloom" period, a thick "marine layer" cloud cover will keep the air cool and damp within a few miles of the coast, but will yield to bright cloudless sunshine between about 5 and 15 miles inland -- the cities of El Cajon and Santee for example, rarely experience the cloud cover. This phenomenon is known as microclimate.

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Avg high °F (°C) 65.8 (18.8) 66.6 (19.2) 66.4 (19.1) 68.4 (20.2) 69.1 (20.6) 71.6 (22.0) 76.3 (24.6) 77.7 (25.4) 77.2 (25.1) 74.7 (23.7) 70.0 (21.1) 66.0 (18.9) 70.9 (21.6)
Avg low °F (°C) 48.9 (9.4) 50.7 (10.4) 52.9 (11.6) 55.6 (13.1) 59.2 (15.1) 61.9 (16.6) 65.7 (18.7) 67.3 (19.6) 65.7 (18.7) 61.0 (16.1) 54.0 (12.2) 48.7 (9.3) 57.6 (14.2)
Rainfall inches (millimeters) 2.28 (57.9) 2.04 (51.8) 2.26 (57.4) 0.75 (19.0) 0.20 (5.1) 0.09 (2.3) 0.03 (0.8) 0.09 (2.3) 0.21 (5.3) 0.44 (11.2) 1.07 (27.2) 1.31 (33.3) 10.77 (273.6)

[edit] Crime

San Diego has had a declining crime rate since the early 1990s. In 1991 the number of murders was 167, in 2005 the number of murders was only 98. In September of 2006, San Diego was named the fourth safest city in the nation.<ref>Tony Manolatos and Kristina Davis. "County crows at glowing crime report", The San Diego Union-Tribune, 2006-04-14. Retrieved on 2006-04-29.</ref> This trend is not likely to continue due to the effects of overpopulation, which is a growing problem in San Diego.

[edit] Education

According to education rankings released by the U.S. Census Bureau, 40.4 percent of San Diegans ages 25 and older hold bachelor's degrees. The census ranks the city as the ninth smartest city in the United States based on these figures.[2]

[edit] High schools

See also: High Schools of San Diego and San Diego City Schools

[edit] Colleges and universities

[edit] Accredited law schools

[edit] Culture

San Diego has a strong Mexican influence due to its proximity to the international border between the United States and Mexico. In addition, San Diego has other significant immigrant communities. Older immigrant groups include those from Sicily and Portugal, which settled in Little Italy and Point Loma respectively. Newer immigrants have arrived from former Soviet Republics (notably Ukraine, Russia and Trans-Caucasia), Greece, the Philippines, South East Asia, China, India, the Pacific Islands, Iraq, Lebanon, Iran, Brazil, Turkey, the Horn of Africa and South Africa.

[edit] Cuisine

Owing to its privileged position on the Pacific Ocean and its warm Mediterranean-like climate, San Diego enjoys an abundance of quality produce and dining. The renowned Chino Farms in nearby Rancho Santa Fe provides fresh organic produce both to local restaurants and two restaurants in San Francisco and other cities. There is also a wine growing industry in San Pasqual Valley and Temecula.

Given its ethnic and cultural mix, it is not surprising that San Diego has a wide range of cuisines. One can find Mexican, Italian, French, Spanish, Filipino, Vietnamese, Greek, Latin, German, Indian, Central and East Asian, Middle Eastern and Pacific Islander food throughout the city. In addition, there are numerous seafood restaurants and steakhouses. The city's long history and close proximity to Mexico has endowed the area with an extensive variety of authentic Mexican restaurants. Regional homemade specialties, border fare and haute cuisine are all readily available.

San Diego's warm, dry climate and access to the ocean have also made it a center for fishing and for growing fruits and vegetables. Long a center of the tuna industry, San Diego benefits from an abundant supply of seafood.

Many of the most popular restaurants can be found in the Gaslamp Quarter, Little Italy, La Jolla, Hillcrest and Old Town.

Local specialties include:

  • Mexican (carne asada, rolled tacos, California burritos, burritos, fish tacos, enchiladas, carne asada fries, and ceviche)
  • Woodfired, California-style pizza
  • Salads made from fresh, local produce (including Caesar, Greek, Mixed, and Caprese Salads)
  • Southern Italian pastas, panini, and pizzas
  • Shish kebab, shashlyk, and Gyros
  • Southeast Asian specialties of all kinds.
  • Locally produced, artisan bread
  • Local Wines (San Pasqual Valley, Rancho Bernardo)
  • A vibrant craft brewing community featuring 22 brewpubs, microbreweries and one regional specialty brewery (Stone Brewing). San Diego brewers have become famous for pioneering several specialty beer styles, most notably the American Double India Pale Ale. Three San Diego County breweries are consistently rated in the Top 10 breweries in the world by (AleSmith Brewing Company, Pizza Port/Port Brewing, and Stone Brewing Co.). Unfortunately, none of San Diego's old breweries (such as Aztec Brewing Company) survived the spread of big national brewing companies.
  • Locally produced (from the mountains near Julian) hard and sweet apple cider
  • Various fruits and vegetables (including avocados, tomatoes, mushrooms, olives, eggplant, oranges, lemons, limes, strawberries, grapefruit, grapes, apples, pomegranates, persimmons, and melons)

Several chain restaurants made their start in San Diego. These include Jack in the Box, Pat & Oscar's, Souplantation (March 1978), Rubio's (1980s), and Anthony's Fish Grotto (1950s). Rubio's fish tacos were also featured at the 1996 Republican National Convention which was held in San Diego.

[edit] Events

[edit] Shopping malls

[edit] Sites of interest

San Diego is a major tourist destination, attracting visitors from all over the world. Among the many attractions are its beaches, climate, and deserts. Noted San Diego tourist attractions include:

(* An asterisk designates National Historic Landmarks)

San Diego is about two hours south of Los Angeles, California and north adjacent to Tijuana, Baja California, Mexico.

[edit] Sports

Club Sport League Stadium
San Diego Padres Baseball MLB (National League) PETCO Park
San Diego Chargers American Football AFL 1961-1969, NFL 1970-Present Qualcomm Stadium
San Diego Fusion Soccer NPSL Helix High School
San Diego Gauchos Soccer USL Southwestern College
San Diego Surf Dawgs Baseball Golden Baseball League Tony Gwynn Stadium
So Cal Scorpions American Football WPFL Edward's Stadium
San Diego Siege Basketball National Women's Basketball League Harry West Gym
San Diego Wildcats Basketball ABA TBA
San Diego Riptide American Football Arena Football League IPay One Center

San Diego has several sports venues. Qualcomm Stadium hosts football and soccer games. Three Super Bowls have been held there. Baseball can be seen at Petco Park and Tony Gwynn Stadium. iPayOne Center, formerly the San Diego Sports Arena, hosts basketball, which is also hosted at Cox Arena at Aztec Bowl. Jenny Craig Pavilion at the University of San Diego hosts basketball and volleyball games.

SDSU Aztecs (MWC) and the USD Toreros (WCC) are NCAA Division I teams. The UCSD Tritons (CCAA) are members of the NCAA Division II while the PLNU Sea Lions (GSAC) are members of the NAIA.

San Diego has been the home of two NBA franchises, the first of which was called the San Diego Rockets. The Rockets represented the city of San Diego from 1967 until 1971. After the conclusion of the 1970-1971 season, they moved to Texas where they became the Houston Rockets. Seven years later, San Diego received a relocated NBA franchise (the Buffalo Braves), which was re-named the San Diego Clippers. The Clippers played in the San Diego Sports Arena from 1978 until 1984. Prior to the start of the 1984-1985 season, the team was moved to Los Angeles, and is now called the Los Angeles Clippers.

Other sports franchises that represented San Diego include the San Diego Conquistadors of the American Basketball Association, the San Diego Sockers (which played in various indoor and outdoor soccer leagues during their existence), the San Diego Spirit of the Women's United Soccer Association, the San Diego Mariners of the World Hockey Association, and the San Diego Gulls who were in different hockey leagues during each of their three incarnations.

The annual Rock 'n' Roll Marathon in the city draws 20,000 participants annually.

[edit] Media

San Diego is served by the mainstream daily newspaper, The San Diego Union-Tribune and its online portal,, the online newspaper, and the alternative newsweeklies, the San Diego City Beat and San Diego Reader. Another newspaper with high readership in the region is the North County Times, which serves San Diego's North County area. Business publications include San Diego Metropolitan magazine, San Diego Business Journal and San Diego Daily Transcript.

San Diego's television stations include XETV-TV 6 (FOX), KFMB 8 (CBS), KGTV 10 (ABC), KPBS 15 (PBS), KBNT 17 (Univision), XHAS-TV 33 (Telemundo), K35DG 35 (UCSD-TV), KNSD 39 (NBC), XHDTV-TV 49 (MNTV), KUSI 51 (Independent), and KSWB 69 (CW).

[edit] San Diego in popular culture

  • The film still regarded by many critics as the best of all time, Orson Welles' Citizen Kane, was partially filmed in and around Balboa Park. Some of the buildings were undergoing renovations, and while vacant, the interiors were used to represent Kane's expansive residence. The San Diego Zoo, fully contained within the park to this day, represented Kane's private menagerie.
  • San Diego is the primary setting and filming location for the 1986 movie Top Gun about the real-life TOPGUN program. At the time the movie was made, the TOPGUN program was based at the former Naval Air Station Miramar, which is currently the Marine Corps Air Station Miramar, in San Diego. The bar featured in the movie's piano scene, Kansas City BBQ, is on the corner of Kettner Boulevard and West Harbor Drive (near the Manchester Grand Hyatt hotel) and contains memorabilia from the film.
  • Other military films and TV series have used the San Diego Naval and Marine bases, aircraft carriers, and other facilities for their projects over the past 50 years or so.
  • San Diego and Los Angeles are part of the futuristic utopian megacity San Angeles in the 1993 movie Demolition Man.
  • In the comic book series Aquaman, half of San Diego was plunged into the Pacific Ocean by an earthquake. A large number of survivors who were unwittingly mutated into water-breathers due to related illegal genetic experimentation have formed a community known as "Sub Diego" in the remains of the submerged portion of the city.
  • The fictional city of Neptune, California (as portrayed in the hit television show Veronica Mars) is said to be a suburb of San Diego. The entire series is filmed in San Diego. Interior shots are filmed at Stu Segall Productions, while many exterior shots have been filmed in the San Diego suburbs of La Jolla and Rancho Santa Fe. The real Oceanside High School is used as Neptune High School, and both the University of San Diego as well as San Diego State University have both been used as Hearst College.
  • San Diego of the 1970s is the setting for the 2004 comedy film Anchorman: The Legend of Ron Burgundy starring Will Ferrell as Ron Burgundy. The Burgundy character is partially inspired by former San Diego television news personalities. The climatic final scenes take place at the San Diego Zoo. In this film, they briefly discuss what to call people from San Diego, choosing between San Diegons and San Diegoites.
  • Reggie Bush, former star USC and current New Orleans Saints running back, often etches the number "619" on top of his black under eye markings as a tribute to the area code of South San Diego county
  • In Jurassic Park II, a T-Rex rampaged through the city. The city was used as the setting of the second half of the film, where a new theme park was to be built (inspired by the actual San Diego Wild Animal Park). Many of the II scenes were filmed in downtown, the harbor, and ports, though the street scenes were filmed in Burbank, CA.
  • The season two finale of television series Quantum Leap, "M.I.A", was based around San Diego's Naval Base.
  • Writer/Director Cameron Crowe attended University of San Diego High School and San Diego City College. He later went "undercover" at Clairemont High School as a student to observe the students, who were the basis for his book and screenplay Fast Times at Ridgemont High. The semi-autobiographical Almost Famous, which Crowe also directed and for which won the Oscar for Original Screenplay, shows numerous shots of San Diego, where main character William Miller grew up. Many of the concert scenes were filmed at the San Diego Sports Arena, the building used as a stand-in for other cities' venues as well. The opening shot of young Miller looking out over San Diego Bay was shot from the dorm rooms of the University of San Diego and the high school the fictional character attended was the University of San Diego High School located across the street from USD.
  • In a 2002 episode of Without A Trace, several agents head to San Diego to investigate the disappearance of a businessman. Several subsequent episodes were filmed with San Diego as the named locale, or as the actual filming location standing in for another city.
  • The double-Oscar winning film Master and Commander: The Far Side of the World was partially filmed using real ships and replicas at Fox Studios in Ensenada, Mexico, (50 miles south of San Diego) and sailing off the coast. The HMS Surpise was subsequently acquired by the San Diego Maritime Museum and is available for the public to view at the Embarcadaro portion of San Diego Harbor. The film made its World Premiere party in San Diego, with the film screening on deck of one of the ships, and with the film's star Russell Crowe in attendance.
  • Season 14 (2004) of The Real World was set in San Diego. The residents lived in Point Loma, and their nightlife escapades took place primarily in Pacific Beach.
  • San Diego is home to the hit Nickelodeon series Drake & Josh. Most of the characters in the show live there.
  • San Diego is the setting for the 1980s detective series Simon and Simon.
  • Much of the movie Bring It On was filmed in various locations in San Diego, including several high schools (Academy of Our Lady of Peace) and San Diego State University.
  • Scenes from the Academy Award-winning movie Traffic were filmed in San Diego. Most of the film takes place in and around San Diego and the bordering city of Tijuana, Mexico.
  • World Wrestling Entertainment (WWE) Wrestler and former World Heavyweight Champion Rey Mysterio represents his hometown of San Diego by calling his finishing move 619, the area code of San Diego.
  • San Diego is the hometown of Damon Allen
  • Raymond Chandler's last completed novel, Playback, was based in San Diego as he was living in La Jolla at the time.
  • Feeder has a song named after the city.
  • Singer Tom Waits recorded a song entitled San Diego Serenade on his album The Heart of Saturday Night.
  • My Blue Heaven was set in a fictional suburb of San Diego, and some scenes were shot around the city.

[edit] Transportation

[edit] Freeways & Highways

As the automobile is the primary means of transportation for the region, the greater San Diego area is served by an extensive network of freeways and highways. This includes Interstates 5, which runs north to Orange County and south to Mexico; 8, which runs east to Imperial County and Arizona; 15, which runs north to Riverside County; and 805, which splits from I-5 at Sorrento Valley and rejoins it before the Mexican border. Notable state highways are the 54 in the South Bay; the 125, 94, and 67 in the East County; the 56 and 78 in the North County; the 52 (La Jolla-Santee); and the 163 (Downtown-Miramar). The San Diego-Coronado Bridge, which spans San Diego Bay, is signed as part of California State Route 75.

Several regional transportation projects have been undertaken in recent years to deal with increasing congestion problems on San Diego freeways. This includes a massive expansion of Interstates 5 and 805 around "The Merge," a notorious rush-hour spot where the two freeways meet. Also, an expansion of Interstate 15 through the North County is underway with the concept of high-occupancy-vehicle (HOV) "managed lanes" in the freeway median. A tollway (The South Bay Expressway) linking State Route 54 and Otay Mesa, near the Mexican border, is also under construction and is expected to open in 2007.

[edit] Public mass transportation

See also: Public transportation in San Diego County, California
Image:Sd old town trolley.jpg
The Old Town trolley

San Diego has trolley, bus [4], Coaster [5], and Amtrak service. They primarily serve downtown, the surrounding urban communities and Mission Valley. The Amtrak and Coaster trains currently only run along the coastline. A planned trolley extension along the 5 Freeway will link up to the UTC/UCSD areas. Newly expanded Trolley routes and a new underground stop at San Diego State University opened in 2005, with more Coaster train stops and services to be added in 2006 and 2007.

The bus is available along almost all major routes within the city proper, although they tend to be concentrated in downtown, various transit centers and the transit corridors of El Cajon Boulevard and University Avenue. Typical wait times vary from 15 to 30 minutes, depending on the location and route. Trollies arrive every 5 to 15 minutes (depending on time of day), with lines extending from Old Town all the way south to the US-Mexico border in San Ysidro, and west-east from Old Town, traversing Mission Valley all the way to neighboring El Cajon and Santee. Ferries are also available every half hour crossing San Diego Bay to Coronado.

[edit] Cycling

San Diego's roadway system provides an extensive network of routes for travel by bicycle. The dry and mild climate of San Diego makes cycling a convenient and pleasant year-round option although the city's hilly terrain and canyons somewhat restrict practical use -- a vast majority of cycling related activities are recreational.

Because of these factors and the significantly long average trip distances brought about by the city's growth restricted from high density development due to strict low density zoning laws, while recreational cycling is enjoyable, cycling for utilitarian purposes in San Diego is practically very difficult if not impossible for many. Older and denser neighborhoods around the downtown core tend to be friendlier to utility cycling. This is partly because of the grid street patterns now absent in newer developments farther from the urban core, where suburban style arterial roads are much more common.

The city has some segregated cycle facilities, particularly in newer developments although the majority of road facilities specifically for bicycles are painted on regular roadways.

Many San Diego cyclists belong to the San Diego County Bicycle Coalition which upholds the rights and interests of cyclists throughout the county.

[edit] Air

San Diego International Airport, also known as Lindbergh International Airport or Lindbergh Field, is the primary commercial airport serving San Diego. It is the busiest single-runway airport in the nation, serving over 17 million passengers every year, and is located on San Diego Bay just a mile or two from downtown. It has scheduled services all over the USA, Mexico, Hawaii, and Canada and serves as a focus city for Southwest Airlines. Other airports include Brown Field Municipal Airport (Brown Field) and Montgomery Field Municipal Airport (Montgomery Field). There is currently debate regarding the placement of a new international airport. While an advisory committee is pushing for the current site of the Miramar Marine Corps Air Station, the military says it has no intention of giving up that site. A vote on the issue will take place in November, 2006.

[edit] Sea

The Port of San Diego manages the maritime operations of San Diego harbor. Cruise ships arrive and depart from San Diego's cruise ship terminal at the foot of Broadway downtown. Carnival Cruise Lines, Royal Caribbean, Holland America, and Celebrity home port cruise ships in San Diego for the Winter season. Cruises go to Mexico, Hawaii, Alaska and the Caribbean via the Panama Canal. San Diego's port also manages a significant cargo operation which includes imports from South America, vehicle imports from Germany, Japan and Mexico, and other trade operations.

San Diego is home to General Dynamics' National Steel and Shipbuilding Company (NASSCO), the largest shipyard on the West Coast of the United States. It is capable of building and repairing large ocean-going vessels. The yard constructs commercial cargo ships and auxiliary vessels for the U.S. Navy and Military Sealift Command, which it has served since 1960.

[edit] Military institutions

[edit] Sister cities

San Diego has fifteen sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International, Inc. (SCI):

[edit] See also

[edit] References


  1.  | County of San Diego
  1.  | Infoplease - Top 50 Cities in the U.S. by Population
  1.  | CityTown Info- San Diego
  1.  | City of San Diego City of Villages Program General Outline
  1.  | Awards won by the developers of the Uptown District in Hillcrest.

[edit] External links

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