Learn more about Samara, Russia
- This article is about the city in Russia. For the city in Iraq, see Samarra.
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Samara (Russian: Сама́ра) (from 1935 to 1991—Kuybyshev (Ку́йбышев)) is a city situated on the Volga River in the southeastern part of European Russia, Volga Federal District, the administrative center of Samara Oblast. Its geographical location is . Population: 1,157,880 (2002 Census); 1,254,460 (1989 Census).
Now it is a large industrial and transportation center of European Russia. Important manufacturing in the metropolitan area of Samara-Togliatti-Syzran with a population of more than 3.0 million people is concentrated in motor vehicle (VAZ-GM and SOK Group), railroad equipment, chemicals, oil and gas (Yukos), machinery, metal (Alcoa), and confectionery (Nestlé) industries. The city also has an aerospace industry, namely TsSKB-Progress, producing the Soyuz and Molniya launch vehicles. Due to this industry the city was a closed city during the Cold War.
During this period the city was nicknamed The Second Baku because of the crisis, in which the Soviet State Defense Committee decided to transfer the main forces of oil-workers and oil enterprises of Baku to the regions of Volga, Ural Mountains, Kazakhstan and Central Asia for the enforcement of the oil extraction there. Meanwhile all the nine drilling offices, oil-expedition and oil-construction trusts as well as various other enterprises with their staffs were transferred to the Samara area. Highly qualified specialists and masters in oil industry were sent there along with more than 5,000 workers as well as half of the equipment.
 Education, culture and transportation
Along with its many universities (including Samara State University and Samara State Aerospace University), theaters and museums, the city is also a major intellectual and academic center in Russia. The city is served by highways and railways, as well as international airlines, among them Lufthansa flying to and from Frankfurt, or Czech Airlines flying to and from Prague with convenient connections worldwide, which makes it an attractive tourist destination as well. Kurumoch airport code is KUF. It also has a rapid transit system, the Samara Metro, though with only 8 stations at present.
One popular tourist location in Samara is Stalin's bunker, a World War II bunker built to house military operation in the event that Moscow were taken. This monument is located south west of Kuybyshev Square, behind a series of apartment complexes.
 See also
 External links
- (Russian) Samara.ru Portal
- (Russian) I Samara Top Sites
- Samara Open Directory (dmoz.org)
- (Russian) Samara-Photo.ru Photos Of Samara
- (English) Samara Pictures from StayInSamara.com
- (Russian) Samara City Map
- (German) Weblog of a Swiss volunteer in Samara with photos
- (German)(English) Photographs of Samarabe:Самара
bg:Самара (Русия) cs:Samara de:Samara et:Samara es:Samara eo:Samara (urbo) fr:Samara (Russie) ko:사마라 (사마라 주) hr:Samara id:Samara, Rusia he:סמרה lv:Samāra nl:Samara (stad) ja:サマーラ pl:Samara pt:Samara ru:Самара sr:Самара (град) sh:Samara fi:Samara sv:Samara uk:Самара