Saint Kitts and Nevis
Learn more about Saint Kitts and Nevis
| Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis |
Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis
|Motto: Country Above Self|
| Anthem: "O Land of Beauty!"|
Royal anthem: "God Save the Queen"
(and largest city)
| Basseterre |
|Government|| Parliamentary democracy|
|- Monarch||Queen Elizabeth II|
|- Governor-General||Sir Cuthbert Sebastian|
|- Prime Minister||Dr. Denzil Douglas|
|Independence||From the United Kingdom|
|- Date||19 September 1983|
|- Total|| 261 km² (207th)|
101 sq mi
|- Water (%)||Negligible|
|- July 2005 estimate||42,696 (209th)|
|- Density|| 164/km² (64th)|
|GDP (PPP)||2002 estimate|
|- Total||$339 million (213th)|
|- Per capita||$14,649 (47th)|
|HDI (2003)||0.834 (high) (49th)|
|Currency|| East Caribbean dollar (|
Saint Kitts and Nevis, officially the Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis (or the Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis), located in the Leeward Islands, is a unitary island nation in the Caribbean and the smallest nation in the Americas in both area and population. The capital city and government for the federated state is mainly on the larger island of Saint Kitts (formerly named Saint Christopher). The smaller state of Nevis (formerly named: Nuestra Señora de las Nieves) lies about 3 km southeast of Saint Kitts. Historically the British dependency of Anguilla was also a part of this union, which was then known collectively as Saint Christopher-Nevis-Anguilla.
Although Saint Kitts and Nevis are geographically within the Leeward Islands, they are relatively close to a cluster of several other islands. To the north-northwest lie the islands of Saint Eustatius, Saba, Saint Barthélemy, and Saint Martin. To the northeast are Antigua and Barbuda, and to the south-east is Montserrat.
Both the names Saint Christopher and Saint Kitts are given in the Constitution of Saint Christopher and Nevis.
Saint Kitts and Nevis along with Anguilla, both colonies of the United Kingdom, became an associated state with full internal autonomy in 1967. Angullians rebelled, and their island was allowed to separate from the others in 1971. St. Kitts and Nevis achieved independence in 1983. It is the newest sovereign nation of the Americas. In August 1998, a vote in Nevis on a referendum to separate from St. Kitts fell short of the two-thirds majority needed. In late September 1998, Hurricane Georges caused approximately $445 million in damages and limited GDP growth for the year.
- Main articles on politics and government of Saint Kitts and Nevis can be found at the Politics and government of Saint Kitts and Nevis series.
The country is an independent Commonwealth Realm with Queen Elizabeth II as its head of state, represented in St. Kitts and Nevis by a Governor-General, who acts on the advice of the Prime Minister and the Cabinet. The prime minister is the leader of the majority party of the House, and the cabinet conducts affairs of state.
St. Kitts and Nevis has a unicameral legislature, known as the National Assembly. It is comprised of fourteen members - eleven elected Representatives - three of whom are from the island of Nevis - and three Senators who are appointed by the Governor-General, two of whom being appointed on the advice of the Prime Minister, and one on the advice of the leader of the opposition. Unlike in other countries, Senators do not constitute a separate Senate or upper house of parliament, but sit in the National Assembly, alongside Representatives. All members serve five-year terms. The Prime Minister and the Cabinet are responsible to the Parliament.
The federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis is divided into fourteen parishes, Nine divisions on Saint Kitts and Five divisions on Nevis. They are as follows:
The islands are of volcanic origin, with large central peaks covered in jungle; the steep slopes leading to these peaks are mostly uninhabited. The vast majority of the population on both islands live close to the sea where the terrain flattens out. There are numerous rivers descending from the mountains of both islands, which provide fresh water to the local population. St. Kitts also has one very small lake.
Saint Kitts and Nevis was the last sugar monoculture in the Eastern Caribbean. Faced with a sugar industry that was finding it increasingly difficult to earn a profit, the Government of St. Kitts and Nevis embarked on a program to diversify the agricultural sector and stimulate the development of other sectors of the economy.
In mid-2005, the sugar economy in St. Kitts was finally shut down by the government, after running continuous losses for many years. As of this writing, the primary industry of St. Kitts is tourism.
As of July 2000, there were 42,696 inhabitants; their average life expectancy was 72.4 years. Emigration has historically been very high, and the population is about 25% lower than at its peak of about 51,100 in 1960.
Emigration from St. Kitts & Nevis to the United States:
- 1986-1990: 3,513
- 1991-1995: 2,730
- 1996-2000: 2,101
- 2001-2005: 1,756
Saint Kitts and Nevis is known for a number of musical celebrations including Carnival (December 17 to January 3 on Saint Kitts). The last week in June features the St Kitts Music Festival, while the week-long Culturama on Nevis lasts from the end of July into early August <ref>Cameron, pg. 502</ref>.
In addition, there are other festivals on the island of Saint Kitts. There is Inner City Fest in February in Molineaux Green Valley Festival usually around Whit Monday in village of Cayon, Easterama around Easter (April) in village of Sandy Point, Fest-Tab, around July-August in the village of Tabernacle, and La festival de Capisterre, around Independence Day in Saint Kitts and Nevis (19th September), in the Capisterre region. These celebrations typically feature parades, street dances and salsa, jazz, soca, calypso and steelpan music.
 Miscellaneous topics
- Communications in Saint Kitts and Nevis
- Foreign relations of Saint Kitts and Nevis
- Military of Saint Kitts and Nevis
- Transportation in Saint Kitts and Nevis
 External links
Image:Wiktionary-logo-en.png Dictionary definitions from Wiktionary
Image:Wikibooks-logo.svg Textbooks from Wikibooks
Image:Wikiquote-logo.svg Quotations from Wikiquote
Image:Wikisource-logo.svg Source texts from Wikisource
Image:Commons-logo.svg Images and media from Commons
Image:Wikinews-logo.png News stories from Wikinews
Image:Wikiversity-logo-Snorky.svg Learning resources from Wikiversity
- St. Kitts & Nevis - Government of Saint Kitts and Nevis official website
- Ministry of Finance - of the Saint Kitts & Nevis Federation
- Nevis Ministry of Finance - for the Nevis Island Administration
- SKNVibes.com Online
- Saint Kitts and Nevis travel guide from Wikitravel
- Saint Kitts Tourism Authority - Official Site
- The Nevis Tourism Authority - Official Site
- Discover St Kitts Nevis Beaches - Personal Guide to St Kitts and Nevis by a Local.
- Sailing Guide to St Kitts and Nevis
- Traveling St. Kitts and Nevis
- St. Kitts Anglican Churches
- Hosted at the University of the West Indies - Acticles and materials on Nevis secession
- Windsor University School of Medicine
- St.Kitts Paper Money
- Map of St. Kitts
- Map of Nevis
- Google Maps satellite photo of Saint Kitts and Nevis
what is world wizzy?
- World Wizzy is a static snapshot taken of Wikipedia in early 2007. It cannot be edited and is online for historic & educational purposes only.