Russo–Turkish War (1676–1681)

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Russo–Ottoman Wars

The Russo–Turkish War of 1676–1681, a war between Russia and the Ottoman Empire, caused by the spreading Turkish aggression in the second half of the 17th century. After having captured and devastated the region of Podolia in the course of the Polish–Turkish War of 16721676, the Ottoman government strived to spread its rule over all of the Right-bank Ukraine with the support of its vassal (since 1669), Hetman Petro Doroshenko. The latter’s pro-Turkish policy caused discontent among many Ukrainian Cossacks, which would elect Ivan Samoilovich (Hetman of the Left-bank Ukraine) as a sole Hetman of all Ukraine in 1674.

Doroshenko decided to fight back and in 1676 his army of 12,000 men seized the city of Chigirin, counting on the approaching Turkish-Tatar army. However, the Russian and Ukrainian forces under the command of Samoilovich and Grigory Romodanovsky besieged Chigirin and made Doroshenko surrender. Leaving a garrison in Chigirin, the Russian and Ukrainian armies retreated to the left bank of the Dnieper. The Turkish Sultan appointed Yuri Khmelnitsky Hetman of the Right-bank Ukraine, who had been the Sultan’s prisoner at that time. In July of 1677, the Sultan ordered his army (120,000 men) under the command of Ibrahim Pasha to advance towards Chigirin.

In July of 1678, the Turkish army (approx. 200,000 men) of the Grand Vizier Kara Mustafa besieged Chigirin once again. The Russian and Ukrainian armies (120,000 men) broke through the Turkish covering force, however, the Turks had already managed to occupy Chigirin on August 11. The Russian army retreated over the Dnieper, beating off the pursuing Turkish army, which would finally leave them in peace.

In 16791680, the Russians repelled the attacks of the Crimean Tatars and signed the Bakhchisaray Peace Treaty on January 3, 1681, which would establish the Russo-Turkish border by the–török háború, 1676–81 nl:Russisch-Turkse Oorlog (1676-1681) ro:Războiul ruso-turc, 1676-1681 ru:Русско-турецкая война 1676—1681

Russo–Turkish War (1676–1681)

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