Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames

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Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames
Image:LondonKingston.png
Shown within Greater London
Geography
Status London borough
Royal borough
Area
— Total
Ranked 325th
37.25 km²
ONS code 00AX
Admin HQ Kingston upon Thames
Demographics
Population
— Total (2005 est.)
Density
Ranked 107th (of 354)
153,000
4,107 / km²
Ethnicity 84.5% White
7.8% South Asian
1.6% Afro-Caribbean
1.4% Chinese
Politics
Leadership Leader & Executive
Mayor Mary Reid (Lib)
Executive Liberal Democrats
MPs Edward Davey (Lib)
Susan Kramer (Lib)
London Assembly
— Member
South West London
Tony Arbour (Con)
Coat of Arms
Official website http://www.kingston.gov.uk/

The Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames is a London borough in south-west London, England. The main town in the borough is Kingston upon Thames, but it covers a wider area also including places such as Surbiton, Chessington, New Malden and Tolworth.

Contents

[edit] Districts in the Royal Borough

Areas included in the borough:

Surrounding boroughs:

[edit] History

The main town in the borough, Kingston upon Thames, has existed on the banks of the River Thames in south-west London for many hundreds, if not thousands of years. Many Roman relics have also been found in the surrounding areas.

Kingston was famous in antiquity for being the coronation place of seven Anglo-Saxon monarchs, listed below

Name Year
Edward the Elder,
(son of Alfred the Great)
900
Athelstan 925
Edmund I 939
Eadred 946
Eadwig 956
Edward the Martyr 975
Ethelred the Unready 979

Kingston still has a monument, the Coronation Stone, on which the monarchs were said to have actually been crowned. A coin from the reign of each of the monarchs listed is set into the base of the stone, which now stands outside the local council offices, the Guildhall.

Image:Saxon Coronation Stone( Edward).jpg
The Saxon Coronation Stone.

Sopwith Aviation Company had a factory in the Canbury Park area of Kingston, where the famous Sopwith Camel was produced during World War I.

N.B. The Hawker Hurricane was designed upon a site in Kingston town centre and built in the aviation factory near Ham now known as the Hawker Centre

[edit] Politics

[edit] Background

The current borough was formed in 1965 as a merger of the previous Municipal Borough of Kingston upon Thames (which had the title of a Royal Borough) with the Municipal Borough of Malden and Coombe and the Municipal Borough of Surbiton which were transferred from Surrey to Greater London. It contains all of the Kingston and Surbiton Westminster Parliamentary Constituency and part of the Richmond Park Constituency. There is also a lot of dispute as Kingston is counted as Surrey yet it's a part of Greater London.

The Borough Council was controlled by the Conservatve Party from 1965 until 1986, when a SDP-Liberal Alliance minority administration briefly took control at the Guildhall. This administration was shortlived, foundering amid controversy over its attempt to abolish the Borough's Grammar School system. After a number of by-election losses, the Conservatives regained control of the Council. In 1990, there was no overall control by any party at the subsequent Borough elections. The Conservatives retained control on the casting vote of the Mayor.

In 1994 the Liberal Democrats gained majority control of the Council for the first time and in 1997, gained both Parliamentary seats that cover the borough. With Dr Jenny Tonge gaining Richmond Park constituency and Edward Davey overturned a Conservative majority estimated at well over 10,000 in Kingston and Surbiton with the slimmest of majorities at only 56 votes, after 3 recounts. Edward Davey retained his seat in the 2001 turning the majority of 56 into a massive majority of 15,676 after the Conservatives fielded the controversial David Shaw and 2005 elections with a majority of over 8,961 at the last election. Susan Kramer, since the 2005 election, is the Liberal Democrat MP for Richmond Park, having a majority of 3,731.

In 1998 the Liberal Democrats lost their majority on the Council and a minority Conservative Party administration was formed. At the 2002 elections, the Liberal Democrats took control of the Council, this time with a majority of 12. They retained control at the May 2006 local elections with a reduced majority of 2. This is the first time any political party has retained control of the council since 1982. Following the loss of the Conservative Party Group leader, Kevin Davis, Howard Jones a former Police Inspector in Kingston was elected their leader with Patrick Codd and Paul Johnston as joint deputy leader, at least one of whom did not challenge for leader. The Liberal Democrats continued with Derek Osbourne as their leader and also leader of the council, interestingly they didn't change their deputy leader which has been a habit of recent years, the softly spoke Irish man Barry O'Mahony continues to hold the post.

Kingston Council's political landscape continues to be fluid.

The reduction in the Liberal Democrats' majority gives the Conservatives a sound majority on Maldens and Coombe Neighbourhood committee. On this Neighbourhood Committee, the Lib Dem group leader (and leader of the council) is in opposition and the Conservative group leader is in control.

The Conservatives are the joint largest party with the Liberal Democrats on Kingston Town Neighbourhood committee, though the Liberal Democrats have been allowed the chair by the opposition.

The only Neighbourhood committee to see the Liberal Democrats increase their majority was in Surbiton where the Conservative Party Group lost their leader and former PPC Kevin Davis.

The only Neighbourhood committee to experience no change was the South Of Borough which continues to be dominated by Liberal Democrats.

[edit] Current council

See also: Kingston upon Thames local elections

The current state of the parties on the Council is:

Party Seats
Liberal Democrat 25
Conservative 21
Labour 2

[edit] Modern Kingston

Modern day Kingston benefits from one of the best shopping areas outside of central London, with a varied selection of high street stores, and a large number of independent boutiques and retailers.

The most famous shop in Kingston is Bentalls, started by Frank Bentall in 1867 in Clarence Street, where it (or least the completely rebuilt Bentalls Centre) stands to this day.

Close to Kingston, and located between Kingston, Richmond and Roehampton, is Richmond Park, one of the old Royal parks.

[edit] See also

[edit] External links


Greater London | London | City of London Image:Flag of the City of London.svg

London Portal

London boroughs: Barking and Dagenham | Barnet | Bexley | Brent | Bromley | Camden | Croydon | Ealing | Enfield | Greenwich | Hackney | Hammersmith and Fulham | Haringey | Harrow | Havering | Hillingdon | Hounslow | Islington | Kensington and Chelsea | Kingston | Lambeth | Lewisham | Merton | Newham | Redbridge | Richmond | Southwark | Sutton | Tower Hamlets | Waltham Forest | Wandsworth | City of Westminster

Sui generis: City of London

Enclaves: Inner Temple | Middle Temple

cs:Kingston (londýnský obvod)

de:Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames fr:Kingston upon Thames (district londonien) nl:Kingston upon Thames no:Kingston upon Thames (distrikt) ro:Kingston upon Thames (burg) sr:Лондонска општина Кингстон на Темзи

Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames

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