Quarry

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Image:Cinder quarry.jpg
A small cinder quarry
Image:Dimension Stone QuarryUSGOV.jpg
A dimension stone quarry
Image:SandersQuarryJanuary2006.JPG
An abandoned limestone quarry
Image:Quarry8093.JPG
Coquina Quarry
Sixty feet below sea level
Conway, South Carolina

A quarry is a type of open-pit mine from which rock or minerals are extracted. Quarries are generally used for extracting building materials, such as dimension stone. Quarries are usually shallower than other types of open-pit mines.

People in some English-speaking countries are unlikely to make the distinction between this type of mine and any other type of open-pit or open-cast borrow or gravel pit mining operation.

Quarries in level areas often have special engineering problems for drainage. The coquina quarry at the right is excavated to more than sixty feet (18 meters) below sea level. To reduce surface leakage a moat, lined with clay, was constructed around the entire quarry. Ground water that seeps into the pit is pumped up into the moat.

Many quarries fill with water to become ponds or small lakes after abandonment for mining purposes. Others have become landfills.

[edit] Quarry Swimming

Water-filled quarries can be very deep with water, often 50 feet or more, that is often surprisingly cold. Unexpectedly cold water can cause a swimmer's muscles to suddenly weaken; it can also cause shock and even hypothermia<ref name=ACA>American Canoe Association explanation of cold shock</ref>. Though quarry water is often very clear, submerged quarry stones and abandoned equipment make diving into these quarries extremely dangerous. Several teenagers and young men and women drown in quarries each year <ref name=USDoL>US Dept. of Labor list of mine related fatalities</ref><ref name=QPA>Quarry Products Association article on quarry drownings</ref>. However, many inactive quarries are converted into safe swimming and scuba diving sites.

Types of rock extracted from quarries include:

[edit] References

<references/>

[edit] See also

<tr><th colspan="2">
Mining techniques
</th></tr> <tr><th>Surface mining:</th><td>Open-pit mining, Quarrying, Strip mining, Placer mining, Mountaintop removal</td></tr> <tr><th>Sub-surface mining:</th><td>Drift mining, Slope mining, Shaft mining, Hard rock mining, Borehole mining</td></tr> da:Stenbrud

de:Steinbruch es:Cantera fr:Carrière (géologie) nl:Steengroeve no:Pukkverk pl:Kamieniołom pt:Pedreira (geologia) ru:Карьер wa:Cårire zh:沙石场

Quarry

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