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Quaestores were elected officials of the Roman Republic who supervised the treasury and financial affairs of the state, its armies and its officers. The office may date back to the time of the kings of Rome. After about 420 BC there were four Quaestores, elected each year by the Comitia Tributa, and after 267 BC there were ten. Some quaestors were assigned to work in the City, while others were assigned to the staffs of generals or served the Roman Governors as Lieutenant Governors in the provinces. Still others were assigned to oversee military finances.

During the reforms of Sulla in 81 BC, the minimum age for a quaestorship was set at 28 for patricians and at 30 for plebeians, and election to the quaestorship gave automatic membership in the Senate. Before that the Censors revised the rolls of the Senate less regularly than the annual induction of quaestors created. The number of quaestors was also raised to 20.

Today the title of Quaestor (Questore) persists in Italy and it represents a high Police office.

[edit] See also

ca:Qüestor cs:Quaestor de:Quaestur es:Cuestor fr:Questeur it:Questore (storia romana) he:קווסטור ka:კვესტორი hu:Quaestor mk:Квестор nl:Quaestor (Rome) ja:クァエストル no:Kvestor pl:Kwestor pt:Questor ro:Chestor ru:Квестор fi:Kvestori sv:Quaestor zh:財務官


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