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Putney

Putney

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For other places with the same name, see Putney (disambiguation).
Putney
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Location
OS grid reference:TQ235755
Latitude: 51.46493°
Longitude: -0.221198°
Administration
London borough: Wandsworth
County level: Greater London
Region: London
Constituent country:England
Sovereign state:United Kingdom
Other
Ceremonial county: Greater London
Historic county: Surrey (1889)
Services
Police force: Metropolitan Police
Fire brigade: London Fire Brigade
Ambulance service: London Ambulance
Post office and telephone
Post town: LONDON
Postal district: SW15
Dialling code:020
Politics
UK Parliament: Putney
London Assembly: Merton and Wandsworth
European Parliament: London
London | List of places in London

Putney is a district in the London Borough of Wandsworth. It is located 5.1 miles (8.2 km) south west of Charing Cross and on the southern bank of the River Thames opposite Fulham in London, England.

At St Mary's Church, Putney in 1647, representatives of the New Model Army held the so-called Putney Debates on the constitutional future of England. The Member of Parliament for Putney is Justine Greening.


Contents

[edit] Rowing and the Boat Race

Since the second half of the 19th century, Putney has been one of the most significant centres for rowing in the United Kingdom. There were two historic reasons for this.

Firstly, increasing numbers of steam-powered boats (not to mention the growing levels of sewage being discharged into the river) made leisure rowing on the Thames in central London unpleasant if not impossible. There was much less commmercial traffic on the river at Putney (partly because the many buttresses of the original Putney Bridge restricted the transit of large river boats) ensuring more suitable water for rowing. The river was also cleaner at Putney.

Second, the construction of the London and South Western Railway from Waterloo Station to Putney and the Metropolitan District Railway to Putney Bridge allowed easy commuting.

More than twenty rowing clubs are based on the Thames at Putney Embankment; among the largest are London Rowing Club (the oldest, being established in 1856), Thames Rowing Club, Imperial College Boat Club and Vesta Rowing Club. Leander Club owned a boathouse in Putney from 1867 to 1961. The Putney clubs have produced a plethora of Olympic medallists and Henley winners.

The University Boat Race, first contested in 1829 in Henley-on-Thames, has had Putney as its starting point since 1845. Since 1856 it has been an annual event, beginning at the University Stone, just upstream from Putney Bridge.

Several other important rowing races over the Championship Course also either start or finish at the stone, notably the Head of the River Race.

[edit] Historical significance

The parish church of St Mary The Virgin was the site of the 1647 Putney Debates. Towards the end of the English Civil War, with the Roundheads looking victorious, Oliver Cromwell soldiers' held a minor mutiny, amid fears that a monarchy would be replaced by a new dictatorship. A number, known as the Levellers complained "We were not a mere mercenary army hired to serve any arbitrary power of a state, but called forth … to the defence of the people's just right and liberties". A manifesto was proposed entitled The Argument Of The People and at an open meeting in Putney, the officers of the Army Council heard the argument from private soldiers for a transparent, democratic state, without corruption. This included sovereignty for English citizens, Parliamentary seats distributed according to population rather than property ownership, religion made a free choice, equality before the law, conscription abolished and parliamentary elections held every year. While greatly influential, including inspiring much of the language of the United States Declaration of Independence, Oliver Cromwell would later have the Leveller leaders executed.

[edit] Famous residents

[edit] Nearest places

[edit] Transport

Putney is serviced by mainline trains from Waterloo Station. Services to Waterloo are every 5 to 10 minutes making it a popular location for young professionals and students commuting into central London.

Train journey times are between 14 and 19 minutes depending on the number of stops and time of day. Trains are especially crowded at peak times (especially in the morning rush hour between 7.45am and 9am, where in some cases the train is full before all passengers can board). The last train from Waterloo to Putney is at 00.18 hrs.

Putney is frequented by bus routes 74, 85, 430, 14, 22, 39, 22, 93, and nightbuses N22, N10, N14 and N93. The N14 transports revellers from the West End every 5-10 minutes, with a journey time of approximately 45 minutes.

[edit] Nearest tube stations

[edit] Nearest railway station

[edit] External links


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Putney

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