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Image:Polish People 4.JPG
Total population 60 million (est.)<ref> This estimate includes people of non-primary ethnic origin.</ref>
Regions with significant populations Poland:<ref>Excel spreadsheet from Polish Central Statistical Office</ref>    38,191,000 (2003 est.)

USA:<ref>Poles in US (PDF) The American Community Survey 2004 by the US Census Bureau estimates 9,385,233 people claiming Polish ancestry.</ref>
Germany:<ref>Poles in Germany. According to Andrej Kazula Zuwanderer aus Polen in Deutschland People who live in Germany and have only the polish citizenship 326,596.</ref>
Brazil:<ref>Poles in Brazil</ref>
Canada:<ref>List of Canadians by ethnicity</ref>
United Kingdom:<ref>Poles in the UK</ref>
Argentina:<ref>Poles in Argentina</ref>
Belarus:<ref>Poles in Belarus</ref>
Lithuania:<ref>Poles in Lithuania</ref>
Ireland 200,000

Australia:<ref>Poles in Australia</ref>
Ukraine:<ref>Poles in Ukraine</ref>
   144,130 (2001)
Russia:<ref>Poles in Russia</ref>
   73,000 (2002)
Latvia:<ref>CIA World Factbook</ref>
   57,000 (est.)
Czech Republic:<ref>http://wtd.vlada.cz/files/rvk/rnm/zprava_mensiny_2001_en.pdf</ref>
   52,000 (2001)
Italy:<ref>Poles in Italy</ref>
   47,293 (1999)
   44,147 (2006)
Netherlands:<ref>Poles in Netherlands</ref>
Austria:<ref>Poles in Austria</ref>

Rest of World:<ref>Poles around the World (>polonia > statystyka)</ref>
   145,000 (est.)

Language Polish
Religion Predominantly Roman Catholic with Atheist, Protestant and orthodox minorities. <tr>
<th style="background-color:#fee8ab;">Related ethnic groups</th>
<td style="background-color:#fff6d9;">other Slavic peoples, especially West Slavs</td>


The Poles (Polish: Polacy) are a western Slavic people inhabiting the country of Poland (in Central Europe) and a number of other states in the world, where they form a significant Polish diaspora.

There is no commonly accepted definition of the Poles. According to the preamble of the Constitution of Poland, the Polish Nation consists of all citizens of Poland. However, like in most European countries, many people limit the group to native speakers of the Polish language, people that share certain views or traditions, or people who share a common ethnic background originating from Poland. As to the ethnicity, the name of the nation comes from a western Slavic ethnic group primarily associated with Poland and the Polish language. Poles belong to the Lechitic subgroup of these ethnic people. The Polans of Giecz, Gniezno, and Poznań were one of the most influential tribes of Greater Poland and managed to unite many other West Slavic tribes in the area under the rule of what became the Piast dynasty, thus giving birth to a new state. The Polish name for a Pole is Polak (male) and Polka (female).


[edit] Statistics

Poles are the second largest Slavic nation after Russians in terms of population number, just ahead of Ukrainians, and the largest predominantly Roman Catholic one. Estimates vary greatly, though most data suggests a total number around 50 million. There are 38 million Poles in Poland alone as well as autochthonous Polish minorities in the surrounding countries such as Germany, Lithuania, Ukraine, and Belarus. There are some smaller minorities in other nearby countries like Moldova and Latvia. Note that there was/is also a Polish minority in the Soviet Union which included autochthonous Poles as well as some forcefully transferred Poles. The total number of Poles in the former Soviet Union is estimated at 3 million.

The official census results (including a few educated estimates) are listed on the right, as well as Polish government estimates.

The term "Polonia" is usually used in Poland to refer to people of Polish origin who live outside Polish borders, officially estimated at around 10 to 12 million. There is a notable Polish diaspora in the United States, Canada, and Brazil (see Polish Brazilian). In the United States a significant number of Polish immigrants settled in Chicago, Detroit, New York City, and Buffalo. In recent years, since joining the European Union, many Polish people have emigrated to countries such as Ireland, where an estimated 150,000 Polish people have entered the labour market and in the United Kingdom, where a quarter of a million have entered.

[edit] Medieval Polish tribes

The following is the list of tribes that constituted the lands of Poland in the early Middle Ages, at the beginning of the Polish state. Some of them have remained a separate ethnicity while others have been assimilated into the culture of Poland.

[edit] European Union

Since joining the EU, nearly 200,000 had emigrated to the United Kingdom. Although they have been well received, it has caused some controversy, as local schools, hospitals and housing are put under increasing pressure, especially in rural areas. This huge amount of immigration led to the UK government choosing to curb immigration from Romania and Bulgaria who are due to join the EU in 2007.

[edit] Ethnic Poles

Ethnic Poles are those who are considered by others or by themselves, to be ethnically Polish rather than anything else but who do not live within Poland nor hold its citizenship. People in this category are usually considered ethnic Poles by others, but sometimes by themselves. For instance, some people with visibly Polish surnames in Germany and Austria who do not consider themselves as Poles are sometimes considered ethnic Poles. The concept of ethnic Poles can be defined by this following criteria:

Ethnic Poles are people who may not have a connection to the Polish language, culture or citizenship, but are identified or seen as being Polish in countries outside of Poland, due to such factors as having Polish or partly Polish parents or ancestors. This is an attempt to explain Polish identity whether it comes from others or oneself. People with Polish or partly-Polish family names can be discussed even if nothing else is known about their ancestry at the present time except for that.

[edit] Notes


[edit] See also

[edit] External links

bs:Poljaci bg:Поляци da:Polak de:Polen (Volk) et:Poolakad es:Polacos ko:폴란드인 hr:Poljaci it:Polacchi ka:პოლონელები la:Poloni lv:Poļi lt:Lenkai ja:ポーランド人 no:Polakker pl:Polacy pt:Polacos ru:Поляки sk:Poliaci sl:Poljaki sr:Пољаци sh:Poljaci fi:Puolalaiset tr:Polonyalı uk:Поляки


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