Persona non grata

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Persona non grata (Latin, plural: personae non gratae), literally meaning "an unwelcome person," is a term used in diplomacy with a specialized and legally defined meaning. The opposite of persona non grata is persona grata.

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[edit] In diplomacy

Under the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations Article 9, a receiving State may "at any time and without having to explain its decision" declare any member of a diplomatic staff persona non grata. A person so declared ("PNG'd" in diplomatic and espionage jargon) is considered unacceptable and is usually recalled to his or her home nation. If not recalled, the receiving State "may refuse to recognize the person concerned as a member of the mission."

While diplomatic immunity protects mission staff from civil and criminal laws, depending on rank, under Articles 41 and 42 of the Vienna Convention, they are bound to respect national laws and regulations (amongst other issues). Breaches of these articles can lead to persona non grata being used to 'punish' erring staff. It is also used to expel diplomats suspected of espionage ("activities incompatible with their status"), or as a symbolic indicator of displeasure (e.g. the Italian expulsion of the Egyptian First Secretary in 1984). So-called "tit-for-tat" exchanges have occurred, notably during the Cold War and in recent times between the United States and Venezuela.

The Treaty of Lausanne in 1923 included the list of 150 personae non gratae of Turkey, which forbade the entry of mainly a group of former Ottoman Empire officials and about 100 other persons to Turkey, until the lifting of this status in 1938.

Kurt Waldheim, former UN Secretary-General and former President of Austria was given persona non grata status in many European nations and the US when he was accused of knowing about the Nazis' war crimes and not doing anything about it.

[edit] Non-diplomatic usage

In non-diplomatic usage, calling someone persona non grata is to say that he or she is ostracized from a person or group, so as to be figuratively nonexistent.

[edit] Documentary - Persona Non Grata (Oliver Stone) (2003)

Persona Non Grata was a documentary produced by Oliver Stone in 2003 about the conflict between Israel and Palestine. It includes interviews with Ehud Barak, former Prime Minister of Israel, Yasser Arafat, late former President of the Palestinian National Authority, and various Palestinian activists.

[edit] External links

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Persona non grata

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