Otto von Habsburg

Learn more about Otto von Habsburg

(Redirected from Otto von Hapsburg)
Jump to: navigation, search
Image:Habsburgotto.jpg
Otto von Habsburg

Otto von Habsburg, born 20 November, 1912 as Archduke Franz Joseph Otto Robert Maria Anton Karl Max Heinrich Sixtus Xaver Felix Renatus Ludwig Gaetan Pius Ignatius of Austria, is the current head of the Habsburg family and the eldest son of Karl of Austria, the last Emperor of Austria and last King of Hungary, and his wife, Zita of Bourbon-Parma. He is a former member of the European Parliament for the CSU party and president of the International Paneuropean Union.

Habsburg lives in Bavaria in Germany, and is a German, Austrian, Croatian, and Hungarian citizen. Although his official name in Germany is Otto von Habsburg, he is referred to as Otto Habsburg-Lothringen by Austrian authorities. He is also sometimes known as Archduke Otto of Austria, Crown Prince Otto of Austria, and in Hungary, simply as Habsburg Ottó.

Image:Francis Joseph & Otto.JPG
Otto and his great-granduncle Emperor Franz Joseph

Contents

[edit] Early life

Otto was born near Vienna in Reichenau an der Rax, Lower Austria.

In November 1916, Otto became Crown Prince of Austria and Hungary when his father, Archduke Karl, ascended to the throne. However, in 1918, at the end of the First World War, both monarchies were abolished, the Republics of Austria and Hungary founded instead, and the family were forced into exile. It should be noted that Hungary did become a kingdom again, but Karl was never to rule it. Instead Miklós Horthy ruled as a regent until 1944.

[edit] Years in exile

Otto's family spent the following years in Switzerland and in the Portuguese island of Madeira, where Karl died prematurely in 1922, making Otto pretender to the throne at the age of ten. Meanwhile, the Austrian parliament had officially expelled the Habsburg dynasty and confiscated all the official property (Habsburgergesetz of 3 April 1919).

In 1935 Otto graduated from the Catholic University of Leuven, having studied social and political sciences.

[edit] Opposing Nazi government

Titular Austrian Imperial Family

Otto spent most of the war years in Washington, D.C. (1940 – 1944), after escaping from Austria to Portugal with a visa issued by the Portuguese consul in Bordeaux, Aristides Sousa Mendes. A fervent Austrian patriot, he opposed the Nazi Anschluss of Austria of 1938 and spent the war years in America. After the war, he lived in exile in France and Spain.

[edit] Early advocate of a United Europe

Well after the end of the Second World War, Habsburg renounced all claims to the Austrian throne (1961) and was eventually allowed to return to his home country in 1966. An early advocate of a unified Europe, he served from 1979 till 1999 as a Member of the European Parliament for the conservative Christian Social Union of Bavaria (CSU) party. He is also a member of the Mont Pelerin Society.

[edit] Recent events

Recently Habsburg warned that Russia is becoming the biggest threat to Europe and compared the actions made by Putin to actions of Hitler.<ref>http://wiadomosci.gazeta.pl</ref>

In 2002 Habsburg gave an interview to the far right Austrian weekly paper Zur Zeit in which he said “the Pentagon is now a Jewish institution as all key positions are occupied by Jews.” He further called Vladimir Putin a “National Socialist,” and accused Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon of planning a genocide against all Arabs.<ref>Der Standard (accessed on September 24, 2006)</ref>

[edit] Family life

Image:Karlfamily.jpg
Coronation photograph of Zita as Queen of Hungary, with her husband, King Charles IV and Crown Prince Otto.31 December 1916

Habsburg has been married since 1951 to Princess Regina of Saxe-Meiningen and Hildburghausen. The couple have seven children and 22 grandchildren:

Habsburg and his wife reside at the "Villa Austria" in Pöcking near the lake Starnberger See , Bavaria, Germany.

[edit] Sources

<references/>

[edit] External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
House of Habsburg-Lothringen

Born: 20 November 1912; Died:

Titles in pretence
Preceded by:
Karl I
* NOT REIGNING *
Emperor of Austria
(1922-)
* Reason for Succession Failure: *
Empire abolished in 1918 

Incumbent
Designated heir:
Archduke Karl
Preceded by:
Charles IV
* NOT REIGNING *
King of Hungary
(1922-)
* Reason for Succession Failure: *
Kingdom abolished in 1918 

Incumbent
Designated heir:
Archduke Karl
Preceded by:
Charles III
* NOT REIGNING *
King of Bohemia
(1922-)
* Reason for Succession Failure: *
Kingdom abolished in 1918 

Incumbent
Designated heir:
Archduke Karl

<span class="FA" id="no" style="display:none;" />de:Otto von Habsburg et:Otto von Habsburg fr:Otto von Habsburg it:Otto d'Asburgo-Lorena lb:Otto von Habsburg hu:Habsburg Ottó nl:Otto von Habsburg ja:オットー・フォン・ハプスブルク no:Otto von Habsburg pl:Otto von Habsburg pt:Otto de Habsburgo fi:Otto von Habsburg sv:Otto von Habsburg zh:奧托·馮·哈布斯堡

Otto von Habsburg

Views
Personal tools
what is world wizzy?
  • World Wizzy is a static snapshot taken of Wikipedia in early 2007. It cannot be edited and is online for historic & educational purposes only.