Oriental Pearl Tower

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Oriental Pearl Tower 东方明珠塔
Image:Pudong night 01.jpg
No. 2, Lane 504, Lujiazui Road, Pudong, Shanghai, China
Spire/ antenna 468m/ 1,535.5ft
Height of Primary Observatory 90m/ 295ft
Height of Secondary Observatory 263m/ 863ft
Height of Highest Observatory 342m/ 1,122ft
Height of Restaurant 267m/ 876ft
Tower data
Total weight of Tower 120,000 tonnes (metric)
Gross ground floor area of building 54,000m²
Net usable area of building 20,000m²
Maximum design wind speed 600 km/h
Antenna data
Total length of antenna 118m/387ft
Weight of antenna 450 tonnes (metric)
Number of broadcasting facilities 19
Start 1991
End 1995
Cost US$100 million[citation needed]
Date of Inauguration 1 May 1995
Style Postmodern
Materials Concrete, steel
Architect Shanghai Modern Architectural Design Co. Ltd.
Developer Shanghai Oriental Group Co. Ltd.

The Oriental Pearl Tower (东方明珠塔, pinyin: Dōngfāng Míngzhūtǎ) is a TV tower in Shanghai, China. The Oriental Pearl Tower is located at the tip of Lujiazui in the Pudong district, by the side of Huangpu River, opposite The Bund of Shanghai. The design of the building is based on a Tang Dynasty poem about the haunting sound made by a lute.

It was designed by Jia Huan Cheng of the Shanghai Modern Architectural Design Co. Ltd. Construction began in 1991 and the tower was completed in 1995. At 468 m (1,535 feet) high, it is the tallest tower in Asia, and the third tallest tower in the world. The Oriental Pearl Tower belongs to the World Federation of Great Towers.

The tower has approximate coordinates 31°14'30 N and 121°29'42 E.


[edit] Structural data

The tower features 5 spheres. The two biggest spheres have diameters of 50 m for the lower and 45 m for the upper. They are linked by three columns, each 9 m in diameter. The smallest and highest sphere is 14 m in diameter.

Image:OrientalPearlTower Restaurant.jpg
The revolving restaurant inside the 2nd-highest sphere

The tower has three observatory levels. The highest (known as the Space Module) is at 350 m. The lower levels are at 263 m (Sightseeing Floor) and at 90 m (Space City). There is a revolving restaurant at the 267 m level. The project also contains exhibition facilities, restaurants and a shopping mall. There is also a 20 room hotel called the Space Hotel between the two large spheres.

The entire building is supported by three enormous and surprisingly strong columns that start underground.

An antenna broadcasting TV and radio programs extends the construction by another 118 m.

[edit] Tourist facts

The Pearl Tower attracts three million visitors each year.

Night view

Inside the Pearl

[edit] In popular culture

[edit] See also

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