Oriental Pearl Tower
Learn more about Oriental Pearl Tower
|Oriental Pearl Tower 东方明珠塔|
| Image:Pudong night 01.jpg|
No. 2, Lane 504, Lujiazui Road, Pudong, Shanghai, China
|Spire/ antenna||468m/ 1,535.5ft|
|Height of Primary Observatory||90m/ 295ft|
|Height of Secondary Observatory||263m/ 863ft|
|Height of Highest Observatory||342m/ 1,122ft|
|Height of Restaurant||267m/ 876ft|
|Total weight of Tower||120,000 tonnes (metric)|
|Gross ground floor area of building||54,000m²|
|Net usable area of building||20,000m²|
|Maximum design wind speed||600 km/h|
|Total length of antenna||118m/387ft|
|Weight of antenna||450 tonnes (metric)|
|Number of broadcasting facilities||19|
|Cost||US$100 million|
|Date of Inauguration||1 May 1995|
|Architect||Shanghai Modern Architectural Design Co. Ltd.|
|Developer||Shanghai Oriental Group Co. Ltd.|
The Oriental Pearl Tower (东方明珠塔, pinyin: Dōngfāng Míngzhūtǎ) is a TV tower in Shanghai, China. The Oriental Pearl Tower is located at the tip of Lujiazui in the Pudong district, by the side of Huangpu River, opposite The Bund of Shanghai. The design of the building is based on a Tang Dynasty poem about the haunting sound made by a lute.
It was designed by Jia Huan Cheng of the Shanghai Modern Architectural Design Co. Ltd. Construction began in 1991 and the tower was completed in 1995. At 468 m (1,535 feet) high, it is the tallest tower in Asia, and the third tallest tower in the world. The Oriental Pearl Tower belongs to the World Federation of Great Towers.
The tower has approximate coordinates 31°14'30 N and 121°29'42 E.
 Structural data
The tower features 5 spheres. The two biggest spheres have diameters of 50 m for the lower and 45 m for the upper. They are linked by three columns, each 9 m in diameter. The smallest and highest sphere is 14 m in diameter.
The tower has three observatory levels. The highest (known as the Space Module) is at 350 m. The lower levels are at 263 m (Sightseeing Floor) and at 90 m (Space City). There is a revolving restaurant at the 267 m level. The project also contains exhibition facilities, restaurants and a shopping mall. There is also a 20 room hotel called the Space Hotel between the two large spheres.
The entire building is supported by three enormous and surprisingly strong columns that start underground.
An antenna broadcasting TV and radio programs extends the construction by another 118 m.
 Tourist facts
The Pearl Tower attracts three million visitors each year.
The Oriental Pearl at night (the second tallest building is the Jin Mao Tower)
Inside the Pearl