Organization of the Islamic Conference

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Image:Flag of OIC.svg
The flag of the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC)

The Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC; Arabic: منظمة المؤتمر الإسلامي‎; Turkish: İslam Konferansı Örgütü; Persian: سازمان کنفرانس اسلامی‎; French: Organisation de la Conférence Islamique; Malay: Pertubuhan Persidangan Islam; Indonesian: Organisasi Konferensi Islam) is an inter-governmental organization with a Permanent Delegation to the United Nations. It groups 57 mostly Islamic nations in the Middle East, North, West and Southern Africa, Central Asia, Europe, Southeast Asia, the Indian subcontinent and South America. The OIC is dedicated to serving the interests of the world's estimated 1.2 billion Muslims.

Contents

[edit] History and goals

The primary goals of the OIC are, according to itself, "to promote solidarity among all member states; to consolidate cooperation among member states in economic, social, cultural, scientific, and other fields of activity; to endeavor to eliminate racial segregation and discrimination and to oppose colonialism in all its forms; to support the Palestinian people in their struggle to regain their national rights and to return to their homeland; and, to support all Muslim people in their struggle to safeguard their dignity, independence and national rights."

The OIC was set up in Rabat, Morocco, on September 25, 1969 in reaction to an arson attack against the Al-Aqsa Mosque on August 21, 1969.

The flag of the OIC (shown above) has an overall green background (symbolic of Islam). In the center, there is an upward-facing red crescent enveloped in a white disc. On the disc the words "Allah Akbar" are written in what appears to be modern Arabic calligraphy. (see Flag of the Organization of the Islamic Conference for more information)

On August 5, 1990, 45 foreign ministers of the OIC adopted the controversial Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam to serve as a guidance for the member states in the matters of human rights.

[edit] Structure and Organization

The OIC system consists of:

[edit] The Islamic Summit

The highest policy-making organ, attended by the Kings and the Heads of State and Government of the member states, convened every three years.

[edit] The Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers

It meets once a year to examine a progress report on the implementation of its decisions taken within the framework of the policy defined by the Islamic Summit.

[edit] The Permanent Secretariat

It is the executive organ of the Organization, entrusted with the implementation of the decisions of the two preceding bodies, and is located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Current secretary is Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu, from Turkey, since January 1 2005.

[edit] Standing Committees

  • Al-Quds (Jerusalem) Committee.
  • Standing Committee on Information and Cultural Affairs (COMIAC).
  • Standing Committee on Economic and Trade Cooperation (COMCEC).
  • Standing Committee on Scientific and Technological Cooperation (COMSTECH).
  • Islamic Committee for Economic, Cultural and Social Affairs.
  • Permanent Finance Committee.
  • Financial Control Organ.

[edit] Subsidiary Organs

[edit] Specialized Institutions

[edit] Affiliated institutions

[edit] The Secretary General of the OIC

  1. H.R.H. Tunku Abdul Rahman (Malaysia): (1971-1973)
  2. H.E. Hassan Al-Touhami (Egypt): (1974-1975)
  3. H.E. Dr. Amadou Karim Gaye (Senegal): (1975-1979)
  4. H.E. Mr. Habib Chatty (Tunisia): (1979-1984)
  5. H.E. Syed Sharifuddin Pirzada (Pakistan): (1985-1988)
  6. H.E. Dr. Hamid Algabid (Niger): (1989-1996)
  7. H.E. Dr. Azeddine Laraki (Morocco): (1997-2000)
  8. H.E. Dr. Abdelouahed Belkeziz (Morocco): (2001-2004)
  9. H.E. Prof. Dr. Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu (Turkey): (2005 to present)

[edit] Members

Image:OIC Member Countries.JPG
OIC Member States; Full members in blue/Observers in pink
Full members
State Year
Image:Flag of Afghanistan.svg Afghanistan, Islamic Republic of 1969
Image:Flag of Algeria.svg Algeria, People's Democratic Republic of 1969
Image:Flag of Chad.svg Chad, Republic of 1969
Image:Flag of Egypt.svg Egypt, Arab Republic of 1969
Image:Flag of Guinea.svg Guinea, Republic of 1969
Image:Flag of Indonesia (bordered).svg Indonesia, Republic of 1969
Image:Flag of Iran.svg Iran, Islamic Republic of 1969
Image:Flag of Jordan.svg Jordan, Hashemite Kingdom of 1969
Image:Flag of Kuwait.svg Kuwait, State of 1969
Image:Flag of Lebanon.svg Lebanon, Republic of 1969
Image:Flag of Libya.svg Libya, Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 1969
Image:Flag of Malaysia.svg Malaysia 1969
Image:Flag of Mali.svg Mali, Republic of 1969
Image:Flag of Mauritania.svg Mauritania, Islamic Republic of 1969
Image:Flag of Morocco.svg Morocco, Kingdom of 1969
Image:Flag of Niger.svg Niger, Republic of 1969
Image:Flag of Pakistan.svg Pakistan, Islamic Republic of 1969
Image:Palestinian flag.svg Palestine, State of 1969
Image:Flag of Yemen.svg Yemen, Republic of 1969
Image:Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg Saudi Arabia, Kingdom of 1969
Image:Flag of Senegal.svg Senegal, Republic of 1969
Image:Flag of Sudan.svg Sudan, Republic of the 1969
Image:Flag of Somalia.svg Somalia 1969
Image:Flag of Tunisia.svg Tunisia, Republic of 1969
Image:Flag of Turkey.svg Turkey, Republic of 1969
Image:Flag of Bahrain.svg Bahrain, State of 1970
Image:Flag of Oman (bordered).svg Oman, Sultanate of 1970
Image:Flag of Qatar (bordered).svg Qatar, State of 1970
Image:Flag of Syria.svg Syrian Arab Republic 1970
Image:Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg United Arab Emirates, State of 1970
Image:Flag of Sierra Leone.svg Sierra Leone, Republic of 1972
Image:Flag of Bangladesh.svg Bangladesh, People's Republic of 1974
Image:Flag of Gabon.svg Gabon, Republic of 1974
Image:Flag of The Gambia.svg Gambia, Republic of the 1974
Image:Flag of Guinea-Bissau.svg Guinea-Bissau, Republic of 1974
Image:Flag of Uganda.svg Uganda, Republic of 1974
Image:Flag of Burkina Faso.svg Burkina Faso 1975
Image:Flag of Cameroon.svg Cameroon, Republic of 1975
Image:Flag of the Comoros.svg Comoros, Federal Islamic Republic of the 1976
Image:Flag of Iraq.svg Iraq, Republic of 1976
Image:Flag of Maldives.svg Maldives, Republic of 1976
Image:Flag of Djibouti.svg Djibouti, Republic of 1978
Image:Flag of Benin.svg Benin, Republic of 1982
Image:Flag of Brunei.svg Brunei Darussalam, Sultanate of 1984
Image:Flag of Nigeria.svg Nigeria, Federal Republic of 1986
Image:Flag of Azerbaijan.svg Azerbaijan, Republic of 1991
Image:Flag of Albania.svg Albania, Republic of 1992
Image:Flag of Kyrgyzstan.svg Kyrgyzstan, Republic of 1992
Image:Flag of Tajikistan.svg Tajikistan, Republic of 1992
Image:Flag of Turkmenistan.svg Turkmenistan, Republic of 1992
Image:Flag of Mozambique.svg Mozambique, Republic of 1994
Image:Flag of Kazakhstan.svg Kazakhstan, Republic of 1995
Image:Flag of Uzbekistan.svg Uzbekistan, Republic of 1995
Image:Flag of Suriname.svg Suriname, Republic of 1996
Image:Flag of Togo.svg Togo, Republic of 1997
Image:Flag of Guyana.svg Guyana, Republic of 1998
Image:Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg Côte d'Ivoire, Republic of 2001
Observer States
Image:Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg Bosnia and Herzegovina 1994
Image:Flag of the Central African Republic.svg Central African Republic 1997
Image:Flag of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.svg Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (Turkish Cypriot State) 1979
Image:Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand, Kingdom of 1998
Image:Flag of Russia (bordered).svg Russian Federation 2005
Observer Muslim Organizations and Communities
Moro National Liberation Front 1977
Observer International Organizations
League of Arab States 1975
United Nations 1976
Non-Aligned Movement 1977
Organization of African Unity 1977
Economic Cooperation Organization 1995

[edit] Membership attempts

  • Image:Flag of India.svg India has the second largest Muslim population in the world and has shown its interest in joining the OIC, as an observer nation. While India's candidature is supported by several OIC members including Saudi Arabia, some influential OIC members like Pakistan have blocked India's inclusion into the OIC. They argue that though India is home to more than 175 million Muslims, they form just over 10% of India's total population. Another factor affecting India's induction into the OIC is the Kashmir dispute. The OIC supports Pakistani claim over the entire region of Kashmir.[citation needed] In turn, India reduced its support for the Arab cause and established diplomatic relations with Israel in 1992.<ref>[1]</ref> Relations between India and OIC severed in 2001 when the latter criticised India for not doing enough to stop the alleged human rights violations against Muslims in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. India dismissed the allegation as baseless and Pakistani propaganda<ref>[2]</ref>. The Indian government no longer seeks OIC membership.
  • Image:Flag of the Philippines.svg PhilippinesThe Philippine government has made attempts to join the OIC, but was opposed by its Muslim minority of the state. Muslims make up only 5% (4.5 million) of the 90 million population in this predominately Christian country.<ref>[3]</ref>

[edit] Past Islamic Summit Conferences

numberdatecountryplace
1st1969, September 22-September 25MoroccoRabat
2nd1974, February 22-February 24PakistanLahore
3rd1981, January 25-January 29Saudi ArabiaMecca and Taif
4th1984, January 16-January 19MoroccoCasablanca
5th1987, January 26-January 29KuwaitKuwait City
6th1991, December 9-December 11SenegalDakar
7th1994, December 13-December 15MoroccoCasablanca
1st Extraordinary1997, March 23PakistanIslamabad
8th1997, December 9-December 11IranTehran
9th2000, November 12-November 13QatarDoha
2nd Extraordinary2003, March 5QatarDoha
10th2003, October 16-October 17MalaysiaPutrajaya
3rd Extraordinary2005, December 7-December 8Saudi ArabiaMakkah Al Mukarramah

[edit] See also

[edit] External links


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