Order of the Rising Sun

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Image:Japanese decoration 1.jpg
Grand Cordon of the Order of the Rising Sun
Image:Order of the Rising Sun Ribbon.png
Order of the Rising Sun ribbon

The Order of the Rising Sun or Kyokujitsu shō (旭日章) is a Japanese Order, established in 1875 by Emperor Meiji of Japan. It is the second most prestigious Japanese decoration after the Order of the Chrysanthemum (Kikka shō). Originally it had eight classes, but on January 4, 1888 a special class, known as the Order of the Rising Sun with Paulownia Blossoms, Grand Cordon, was added.

Until 2003 the order was reserved for males (women could be awarded the Order of the Precious Crown instead), and may be awarded for both civil and military merit. Unlike its European counterparts, the order may be conferred posthumously.

The order consisted of nine classes, each with a distinctive name:

  • 1st Class, Order of the Rising Sun with Paulownia Blossoms, Grand Cordon;
  • 1st Class, Order of the Rising Sun, Grand Cordon;
  • 2nd Class, Order of the Rising Sun, Gold and Silver Star;
  • 3rd Class, Order of the Rising Sun, Gold Rays with Neck Ribbon;
  • 4th Class, Order of the Rising Sun, Gold Rays with Rosette;
  • 5th Class, Order of the Rising Sun, Gold and Silver Rays;
  • 6th Class, Order of the Rising Sun, Silver Rays;
  • 7th Class, Green Paulownia Leaves Medal;
  • 8th Class, White Paulownia Leaves Medal.

The badge for the Order of the Rising Sun with Paulownia Blossoms, Grand Cordon is a gilt cross with white enamelled rays, bearing a central emblem of a red enamelled sun disc surrounded by red rays, and with three paulownia blossoms between each arm of the cross. It is suspended from three enamelled paulownia leaves on a sash in red with white border stripes, and is worn on the right shoulder.

The star for the Order of the Rising Sun with Paulownia Blossoms, Grand Cordon is the same as the badge, but without the paulownia leaves suspension. It is worn on the left chest.

The badge for the First to Sixth Classes is an eight-pointed badge, in gilt (1st-4th Classes), gilt and silver (5th Class), or silver (6th Class), with white enamelled rays, bearing a central red enamelled sun disc. It is suspended from three enamelled paulownia leaves (not chrysanthemum as the Decoration Bureau page claims) on a ribbon in white with red border stripes, worn as a sash on the right shoulder for the 1st Class, as a necklet for the 2nd and 3rd Classes, on the left chest for the 4th to 6th Classes (with a rosette for the 4th Class).

The star for the First and Second Classes is an eight-pointed silver badge, bearing a central emblem identical to the 4th Class badge without the paulownia leaves suspension. It is worn on the left chest for the 1st Class, on the right chest for the 2nd Class.

The badge for the Seventh and Eighth Classes consists of just a silver medal in the shape of three paulownia leaves, enamelled for the 7th Class and plain for the 8th Class. It is suspended on a ribbon, again in white with red border stripes, worn on the left chest.

[edit] Some recipients of the Order

[edit] See also

[edit] External links

pl:Order Wschodzącego Słońca

Order of the Rising Sun

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