Olympic Stadium

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The Olympic Stadium is the name usually given to the big centrepiece sports arena of the Summer Olympic Games. Traditionally, the opening ceremony and the track & field competitions are held in the Olympic Stadium. Many, though by no means all, of these arenas actually contain the words Olympic Stadium as part of their name. The Winter Olympic Games do not have a central Olympic Stadium, however some edifices are designated as the Olympic Stadium, which usually hosts the opening and closing ceremonies.

Contents

[edit] Summer Olympic Stadia

Some of the Olympic stadiums have usually been built specifically to host the Olympics, as opposed to being an already existing facility. Others have been already completed when their city has been awarded the Olympics, and have had the title added:

[edit] Specially Built

[edit] Already Constructed

There have been a number of other stadia that have been used as the main stadium for the Olympics, but which have not incorporated the words Olympic Stadium into their name - again, some of these were specially built for the games, while others were already existing:

[edit] Specially Built

[edit] Already Built

In addition to these, there are other stadia called Olympic Stadium around the world, which have been built as part of a prospective bid for the Games:

Some have simply been named that way:

[edit] Used Twice

A number of stadia have been used in more than one Olympics, in those cities that have held the Games twice. While only one (the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum) has been the main stadium twice, both the Panathinaiko Stadio and the Vélodrome de Vincennes have hosted events at subsequent Olympics. Wembley Stadium will also be used again at the 2012 Games, although that stadium is a completely rebuilt structure on the same site as the 1948 stadium. The only stadium to have been used twice, but only host one Olympics, is the Melbourne Cricket Ground which was host venue in 1956 and hosted the first game of the Sydney 2000 football (soccer) tournament.

[edit] Other Major Events

[edit] Winter Olympic Stadia

[edit] Comprehensive list

Date City Stadium Other use during the Olympics
2010 Vancouver BC Place Stadium Not used for any other purpose.
2006 Torino Stadio Olimpico Not used for any other purpose.
2002 Salt Lake City Rice-Eccles Stadium Not used for any other purpose.
1998 Nagano Minami Sports Park Stadium Not used for any other purpose.
1994Lillehammer Lysgårdsbakkene Stadion Ski Jumping stadium.
1992Albertville Théâtre des Cérémonies</br>temp stadium next to the speed skating oval. Temporary - dismantled after the Games.
1988 Calgary McMahon Stadium Not used for any other purpose.
1984 Sarajevo Koševo Stadium</br>Closing in the Olympic Hall Zetra. Koševo - Not used for any other purpose</br>Zetra - Figure Skating.
1980 Lake Placid Lake Placid Equestrian Stadium </br>Closing in the Indoor Rink of the Olympic Centre. Equestrian Stadium - Not used for any other purpose.</br>Indoor Rink - Figure Skating/ Ice Hockey.
1976 Innsbruck Olympic Ski Jump (Bergisel Stadium) Ski jumping stadium.
1972 Sapporo Makomanai Open Stadium Speed Skating venue.
1968 Grenoble Stade Lesdiguières Opening Stadium </br>(temporary seating at existing football ground) Not used for any other purpose.
1964 Innsbruck Olympic Ski Jump (Bergisel Stadium) Ski jumping stadium.
1960 Squaw Valley Blyth Arena and surrounds Ice Hockey / Figure Skating venue.
1956 Cortina Cortina Olympic Ice Stadium Speed Skating venue.
1952 Oslo Bislett stadion Speed Skating venue.
1948 St. Moritz St. Moritz Olympic Ice Rink Speed skating oval
1936 Garmisch-Partenkirchen Olympia Skistadion Ski jumping stadium.
1932 Lake Placid Lake Placid Speedskating Oval Speed Skating venue
1928 St. Moritz Olympic Ice Rink Multi use skating venue (Figure, speed etc)
1924 Chamonix Stade Olympique de Chamonix Multi use skating venue

[edit] Purpose built Olympic Stadia for the Games

[edit] Existing stadia renamed for the Games

[edit] Existing stadia used for the Games

[edit] Olympic Stadiums in Popular Culture

The original manga version of Katsuhiro Otomo's epic Akira featured an Olympic Stadium. Initially built for the upcoming Olympics hosted by the fictional future city of Neo-Tokyo, it was instead used as a lair by Tetsuo and Akira's Great Tokyo Empire.


[edit] External links

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cs:Olympijský stadion de:Olympiastadion es:Estadio Olímpico fr:Stade Olympique fi:Olympiastadion it:Stadio Olimpico la:Stadium Olympiae Aestivae nl:Olympisch stadion ja:オリンピック・スタジアム simple:Olympic Stadium zh:奧林匹克體育場

Olympic Stadium

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