Okrug

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Okrug (Bulgarian: окръг; Serbian and Russian: о́круг; Ukrainian: oкругa, translit. okruha) is a term to denote a subnational entity in some Eastern European Slavic states. Etymologically, the word is a calque of the German word "bezirk" ("district"). Both okrug and bezirk refer to something literally "encircled".

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[edit] Bulgaria

Main article: Provinces of Bulgaria

In Bulgaria, okrugs, translated as "districts" or "counties", were a subdivision of the larger oblasts (provinces) that existed between 1987 and 1999.

[edit] Imperial Russia

Okrugs were a type of administrative subdivision in Imperial Russia. Until 1920, okrugs were administrative districts in Cossack hosts.

[edit] Russian Federation

In the present-day Russian Federation, the term "okrug" is either translated as "district" or rendered directly as "okrug", and is used to describe the following types of administrative divisions:

"Okrug" is also used to describe the administrative divisions of the two "federal cities" in Russia:

Furthermore, the designation okrug denotes several selsovet-level administrative divisions:

[edit] Serbia

Main article: Districts of Serbia
See also: Subdivisions of Serbia

The Republic of Serbia is divided into 29 okrugs (districts) as well as the "district city" of Belgrade. The term "okrug" in Serbia is often translated as either "district" or "county".


[edit] See also


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