Learn more about October 11
October 11 is the 284th day of the year (285th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 81 days remaining in the year on this date.
- 1582 - Due to the implementation of the Gregorian calendar, this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
- 1614 - Adriaen Block and 12 Amsterdam merchants petition the States General for exclusive trading rights in the New Netherland colony.
- 1776 - American Revolution: Battle of Valcour Island - On Lake Champlain 15 American gunboats are defeated but give Patriot forces enough time to prepare defenses of New York City.
- 1809 - Along the Natchez Trace in Tennessee, explorer Meriwether Lewis dies under mysterious circumstances at an inn called Grinder's Stand.
- 1811 - Inventor John Stevens' boat, the Juliana, begins operation as the first steam-powered ferry (service between New York, New York, and Hoboken, New Jersey).
- 1852 - The University of Sydney, Australia's oldest university, is inaugurated in Sydney.
- 1862 - American Civil War: In the aftermath of the Battle of Antietam, Confederate General J.E.B. Stuart and his men loot Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, during a raid into the north.
- 1864 - Campina Grande , Brazil was established as a city.
- 1865 - Paul Bogle led hundreds of black men and women in a march in Jamaica, starting the Morant Bay rebellion.
- 1890 - In Washington, DC, the Daughters of the American Revolution is founded.
- 1899 - Second Boer War begins: In South Africa, a war between the United Kingdom and the Boers of the Transvaal and Orange Free State erupts.
- 1906 - San Francisco public school board sparks United States diplomatic crisis with Japan by ordering Japanese students to be taught in racially segregated schools.
- 1910 - Ex-president Theodore Roosevelt becomes the first U.S. president to fly in an airplane. He flew for four minutes in a plane built by the Wright Brothers at Kinloch aviation field(now St Louis/Lambert Int'l airport), St. Louis, Missouri.
- 1929 - JC Penney opens store #1252 in Milford, Delaware, making it a nationwide company with stores in all 48 U.S. states.
- 1930 - Collingwood Football Club in Melbourne, Australia, won the premiership (football competition) for the fourth consecutive year.
- 1939 - Franklin D. Roosevelt receives letter from Einstein about atom bomb.
- 1942 - World War II: Battle of Cape Esperance - On the northwest coast of Guadalcanal, United States Navy ships intercept and defeat a Japanese fleet on their way to reinforce troops on the island.
- 1944 - Tuvinian People's Republic or formerly Tannu Tuva was annexed by the U.S.S.R
- 1950 - The U.S. Federal Communications Commission issues the first license to broadcast television in color, to CBS (RCA will successfully dispute and block the license from taking effect, however).
- 1954 - First Indochina War: The Viet Minh take control of North Vietnam.
- 1958 - Pioneer program: NASA launches the lunar probe Pioneer 1 (the probe falls back to Earth and burns up).
- 1962 - Second Vatican Council: Pope John XXIII convenes the first ecumenical council of the Roman Catholic Church in 92 years.
- 1967 - Afghan Prime Minister Mohammad Hashim Maiwandwal resigns for health reasons
- 1968 - Apollo program: NASA launches Apollo 7, the first successful manned Apollo mission, with astronauts Wally Schirra, Donn F. Eisele and Walter Cunningham aboard.
- 1975 - The NBC sketch comedy/variety show Saturday Night Live debuts with George Carlin as the host and Janis Ian and Billy Preston as musical guests.
- 1982 - The Mary Rose, a Tudor gunship which sunk on July 18th 1545, is raised from the sea bed in the Solent Channel, near Portsmouth.
- 1984 - Aboard the Space Shuttle Challenger, astronaut Kathryn D. Sullivan becomes the first American woman to perform a space walk.
- 1986 - Cold War: U.S. President Ronald Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev meet in Reykjavík, Iceland, in an effort to continue discussions about scaling back their intermediate missile arsenals in Europe.
- 1987 - March on Washington for Lesbian and Gay Rights attracts an estimated 200,000 people to protest the Bowers v. Hardwick decision and the U.S. government's handling of the AIDS epidemic; first public display of the NAMES Project AIDS Memorial Quilt.
- 1998 - A Congo Airlines Boeing 727 is shot down by rebels in Kindu, Democratic Republic of the Congo, killing 40
- 1999 - The Lord of the Rings movies begin principal photography.
- 2000 - The 100th Space Shuttle mission (STS-92) is flown.
- 2001 - The Polaroid Corporation files for federal bankruptcy protection.
- 2002 - A bomb attack in a shopping mall in Vantaa, Finland kills seven.
- 2006 - A small plane, owned and piloted by New York Yankee pitcher Cory Lidle, crashes into a high rise apartment block in Manhattan, New York City, damaging several apartments and sending fiery debris crashing to the street. Lidle is killed, along with his instructor.
- 1616 - Andreas Gryphius, German writer (d. 1664)
- 1661 - Melchior de Polignac, French diplomat (d. 1742)
- 1671 - Frederick IV of Denmark (d. 1730)
- 1675 - Samuel Clarke, English philosopher (d. 1729)
- 1738 - Arthur Phillip, Governor of New South Wales (d. 1814)
- 1758 - Heinrich Wilhelm Matthäus Olbers, German astronomer (d. 1840)
- 1786 - Stevenson Archer , American Congressman (d. 1848)
- 1788 - Simon Sechter, Austrian music teacher (d. 1867)
- 1814 - Jean Baptiste Lamy, first Archbishop of Santa Fe (d. 1888)
- 1815 - Pierre Napoleon Bonaparte, Italian-born adventurer (d. 1881)
- 1821 - George Williams, English founder of the YMCA (d. 1905)
- 1844 - Henry Heinz, American food manufacturer (d. 1916)
- 1872 - Harlan Fiske Stone, 12th Chief Justice of the United States (d. 1946)
- 1881 - Hans Kelsen, Austrian legal theorist (d. 1973)
- 1884 - Friedrich Bergius, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1949)
- 1884 - Eleanor Roosevelt, First Lady of the United States (d. 1962)
- 1884 - Sig Ruman, German-American actor (d. 1967)
- 1885 - François Mauriac, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1970)
- 1895 - Jakov Gotovac, Croatian composer (d. 1982)
- 1897 - Nathan Twining, USAF general (d. 1982)
- 1899 - Eddie Dyer, baseball player (d. 1964)
- 1918 - Jerome Robbins, American choreographer (d. 1998)
- 1919 - Art Blakey, American jazz drummer (d. 1990)
- 1919 - Jean Vander Pyl, American voice actress (d. 1999)
- 1924 - Mal Whitfield, American athlete
- 1925 - Elmore Leonard, American novelist
- 1926 - Neville Wran, Premier of New South Wales
- 1926 - Thich Nhat Hanh, religious leader
- 1928 - Alfonso de Portago, Spanish race car driver (d. 1957)
- 1929 - Liselotte Pulver, Swiss actress
- 1930 - Sam Johnson, American politician
- 1930 - LaVell Edwards, Former college football coach
- 1932 - Dottie West, American singer (d. 1991)
- 1936 - Billy Higgins, American jazz drummer (d. 2001)
- 1937 - Bobby Charlton, English footballer
- 1937 - R. H. W. Dillard, American poet
- 1939 - Maria Bueno, Brazilian tennis player
- 1939 - Austin Currie, Northern Irish politician
- 1941 - Lester Bowie, American jazz trumpet player (d. 1999)
- 1942 - Amitabh Bachchan, Indian actor
- 1943 - John Nettles, English actor
- 1944 - Mike Fiore, baseball player
- 1946 - Sawao Kato, Japanese gymnast
- 1946 - Daryl Hall, American musician
- 1946 - Gary Mallaber, American musician (The Steve Miller Band)
- 1951 - Jean-Jacques Goldman, French singer/songwriter
- 1953 - David Morse, American actor
- 1956 - Nicanor Duarte Frutos, President of Paraguay
- 1957 - Dawn French, Welsh comedienne
- 1960 - Curt Ford, baseball player
- 1961 - Amr Diab, Egyptian pop-star
- 1961 - Steve Young, NFL Player
- 1962 - Nicola Bryant, British actress
- 1962 - Joan Cusack, American actress
- 1964 - Michael J. Nelson, American actor/writer
- 1965 - Sean Patrick Flanery, American actor
- 1965 - Luke Perry, American actor
- 1966 - Donita Dunes, American Actress and Porn Star
- 1967 - David Starr, American race car driver
- 1967 - Tazz, American professional wrestler/commentator
- 1967 - Tony Chimel, American professional wrestling announcer
- 1967 - Artie Lange, American actor/comedian
- 1968 - Claude Lapointe, National Hockey League player
- 1968 - Jane Krakowski, American actress
- 1969 - Prince Constantijn of the Netherlands
- 1970 - U-God, American rapper
- 1970 - Andy Marriott, English footballer
- 1971 - Petra Haden, American musician (The Rentals)
- 1972 - Claudia Black, Australian actress
- 1973 - Dmitri Young, baseball player
- 1973 - Takeshi Kaneshiro, Actor/Model
- 1974 - Terje Haakonsen, Norwegian Snowboarder
- 1976 - Emily Deschanel, American actress
- 1977 - Claudia Palacios, Colombian television journalist
- 1977 - Ty Wigginton, American baseball player
- 1978 - Carlos Alonso Kali, Angolan footballer
- 1979 - Bae Doo-na, South Korean model and actress
- 1979 - Andy Douglas, American professional wrestler
- 1985 - Michelle Trachtenberg, American actress
- 1989 - Michelle Wie, American golfer
- 1188 - Robert I of Dreux, son of Louis VI of France
- 1303 - Pope Boniface VIII
- 1347 - Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1282)
- 1424 - Jan Zizka, leader of the Hussites (b. 1370)
- 1531 - Huldrych Zwingli, Swiss Protestant leader (b. 1484)
- 1611 - John Cowell, English jurist (b. 1554)
- 1705 - Guillaume Amontons, French physicist and instrument maker (b. 1663)
- 1708 - Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus, German mathematician (b. 1651)
- 1721 - Edward Colston, English merchant and philanthropist (b. 1636)
- 1725 - Hans Herr, Swiss-born Mennonite bishop (b. 1639)
- 1779 - Kazimierz Pułaski, Polish fighter for American independence (b. 1745)
- 1809 - Meriwether Lewis, American explorer (b. 1774)
- 1811 - Johann Conrad Ammann, Swiss physician and naturalist (b. 1724)
- 1821 - John Ross Key, American judge and lawyer (b. 1754)
- 1852 - Ferdinand Eisenstein, German mathematician (b. 1823)
- 1889 - James Prescott Joule, English physicist (b. 1818)
- 1896 - Anton Bruckner, Austrian composer (b. 1824)
- 1896 - Edward White Benson, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1829)
- 1935 - Steele Rudd, Australian author (b. 1868)
- 1940 - Lluís Companys, President of Generalitat of Catalonia (shot) (b. 1882)
- 1940 - Vito Volterra, Italian mathematician and physicist (b. 1860)
- 1961 - Chico Marx, American comedian (b. 1887)
- 1963 - Jean Cocteau, French writer (b. 1889)
- 1963 - Édith Piaf, French singer and actress (b. 1915)
- 1965 - Dorothea Lange, American photographer (b. 1895)
- 1965 - Walther Stampfli, member of the Swiss Federal Council (b. 1884)
- 1976 - Alfredo Bracchi, Italian author (b. 1897)
- 1977 - MacKinlay Kantor, American author (b. 1904)
- 1988 - Bonita Granville, American actress (b. 1923)
- 1989 - M. King Hubbert, American geophysicist (b. 1904)
- 1991 - Steven Jesse Bernstein, American underground poet (suicide) (b. 1950)
- 1991 - Redd Foxx, American comedian and actor (b. 1922)
- 1993 - Jess Thomas, American tenor (b. 1927)
- 1996 - Lars Ahlfors, Finnish mathematician (b. 1907)
- 2000 - Donald Dewar, First Minister of Scotland (b. 1937)
- 2004 - Keith Miller, Australian sportsman (b. 1919)
- 2005 - Edward Szczepanik, Polish economist and Prime Minister in exile (b. 1915)
- 2005 - Shan-ul-Haq Haqqee, Linguist, and writer of Pakistan (b. 1917)
- 2006 - Cory Lidle, American baseball pitcher, NY Yankees (b. 1972)
- 2006 - Howard Kerzner, Chief Executive Officer of Kerzner International (b. 1964)
- 2006 - Benito Martínez, Cuban who claimed to be the oldest person (b. ?1880)
 Holidays and observances
 External links
October 10 - October 12 - September 11 - November 11 – more historical anniversaries
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