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Image:Novosibirsk-city flag.gif
Image:Novosibirsk Coat of Arms.gif
Flag Seal
Location of Novosibirsk in Russia and the Oblast
Coordinates: 55°01′N 82°56′E
Oblast Novosibirsk
Mayor Vladimir Gorodetskiy
 - City 447.2 km²
 - Land 447.2 km²
 - Water 0 km²
Elevation +150 m
 - City (2005) 1,405,600 (2002 census)
 - Density 3,143/km²
Time zone NOVT (UTC+6)
 - Summer (DST) NOVST (UTC+7)
Image:Transib Novosibirsk.jpg
Novosibirsk Trans-Siberian railway station
Image:Novosibirsk Kommunisticheskaya 50.jpg
The recently completed second-tallest building of Novosibirsk, nicknamed "BlueTooth", "Batman", "Plug", etc.

Novosibirsk (Russian: Новосиби́рск, pronounced nə.və.sʲɪ.'bʲirsk) is Russia's third largest city, after Moscow and Saint Petersburg, and the administrative center of Novosibirsk Oblast. It is also the largest city in Siberia and the administrative center of Siberian Federal District, in the southwest of which it is located. Geographical coordinates: 55°01′N 82°56′E.

It was founded in 1893 as the future site of the Trans-Siberian railway bridge crossing the great Siberian river Ob. Its importance further increased early in the 20th century with the completion of the Turkestan-Siberia Railway connecting Novosibirsk to Central Asia and the Caspian Sea.

From 1893 until 1925 Novosibirsk was called Novonikolayevsk after Tsar Nicholas II.

The city lies along the Ob River in the West Siberian Plain. To the south is the Ukok Plateau part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site entitled Golden Mountains of Altai.<ref>Template:Cite web</ref> The climate is sharply continental, with very severe, cold and snowy winters and hot and dry summers. Temperatures in summer range from 20 to 25°C (75°F), in winter -18 to -20°C (0°F), but can reach -40°C (-40°F) in winter and 35-40°C(100°F)- in summer. The difference between the highest and the lowest temperature is 88°C (158°F). Most of the time the weather is sunny, with an average of 2880 hours of sunshine per year.

Industries include machine manufacturing and metallurgy. It is the home of one of Novosibirsk State University (situated in nearby Akademgorodok), a number of institutes and a scientific research center. Novosibirsk boasts opera and ballet companies, several theaters, museums, and art galleries, and numerous sports facilities.


[edit] Broadcasting

Novosibirsk is home to Russia's most powerful shortwave relay station east of the Ural mountains. This relay station can reach most of South Asia, the Middle East, and China. The Magadan and Vladivostok relay stations when operated in conjunction with Novosibirsk can guarantee that the Voice of Russia or any other broadcaster renting time at Novosibirsk is heard in the intended target area.

[edit] Transport

Novosibirsk is the third largest city in Russia (after Moscow and Saint Petersburg) and the largest in Siberia in which a metro system was established (the Novosibirsk Metro, opened in 1986). The city is served by Novosibirsk Tolmachevo Airport with regular flights to Europe and Asia and other Russian cities. Tolmachevo is the hub for S7 Airlines.

[edit] Sports

Amongst several other former Soviet Olympians, Novosibirsk has the distinction of being the hometown of Alexander Karelin, the 12-time world champion Greco-Roman wrestler (including 3 Olympic gold and 1 Olympic silver medals), voted by FILA as the greatest Greco-Roman wrestler of the 20th century.

[edit] Notes


[edit] External links

[edit] Further reading

  • Nevzgodin, Ivan; The Architecture of Novosibirsk; Rotterdam: Episode Publishers; 2005; ISBN 90-5973-032-1

Image:Novosibirsk Oblast coa.gif Cities and towns in Novosibirsk Oblast Image:Flag of Russia.svg
Administrative center: Novosibirsk

Barabinsk | Berdsk | Bolotnoye | Cherepanovo | Chulym | Iskitim | Karasuk | Kargat | Kupino | Kuybyshev | Novosibirsk | Ob | Tatarsk | Toguchin


ca:Novosibirsk cs:Novosibirsk da:Novosibirsk de:Nowosibirsk et:Novosibirsk el:Νοβοσιμπίρσκ es:Novosibirsk eo:Novosibirsk fr:Novossibirsk ko:노보시비르스크 io:Novosibirsk id:Novosibirsk it:Novosibirsk he:נובוסיבירסק la:Novosibirscum lv:Novosibirska jbo:novosiBIRSK nl:Novosibirsk ja:ノヴォシビルスク no:Novosibirsk pl:Nowosybirsk pt:Novosibirsk ro:Novosibirsk ru:Новосибирск fi:Novosibirsk sv:Novosibirsk uk:Новосибірськ zh:新西伯利亞


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