Learn more about Novosibirsk
|- City||447.2 km²|
|- Land||447.2 km²|
|- Water||0 km²|
|- City (2005)||1,405,600 (2002 census)|
|Time zone||NOVT (UTC+6)|
|- Summer (DST)||NOVST (UTC+7)|
Novosibirsk (Russian: Новосиби́рск, pronounced nə.və.sʲɪ.'bʲirsk) is Russia's third largest city, after Moscow and Saint Petersburg, and the administrative center of Novosibirsk Oblast. It is also the largest city in Siberia and the administrative center of Siberian Federal District, in the southwest of which it is located. Geographical coordinates: .
It was founded in 1893 as the future site of the Trans-Siberian railway bridge crossing the great Siberian river Ob. Its importance further increased early in the 20th century with the completion of the Turkestan-Siberia Railway connecting Novosibirsk to Central Asia and the Caspian Sea.
The city lies along the Ob River in the West Siberian Plain. To the south is the Ukok Plateau part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site entitled Golden Mountains of Altai.<ref>Template:Cite web</ref> The climate is sharply continental, with very severe, cold and snowy winters and hot and dry summers. Temperatures in summer range from 20 to 25°C (75°F), in winter -18 to -20°C (0°F), but can reach -40°C (-40°F) in winter and 35-40°C(100°F)- in summer. The difference between the highest and the lowest temperature is 88°C (158°F). Most of the time the weather is sunny, with an average of 2880 hours of sunshine per year.
Industries include machine manufacturing and metallurgy. It is the home of one of Novosibirsk State University (situated in nearby Akademgorodok), a number of institutes and a scientific research center. Novosibirsk boasts opera and ballet companies, several theaters, museums, and art galleries, and numerous sports facilities.
Novosibirsk is home to Russia's most powerful shortwave relay station east of the Ural mountains. This relay station can reach most of South Asia, the Middle East, and China. The Magadan and Vladivostok relay stations when operated in conjunction with Novosibirsk can guarantee that the Voice of Russia or any other broadcaster renting time at Novosibirsk is heard in the intended target area.
Novosibirsk is the third largest city in Russia (after Moscow and Saint Petersburg) and the largest in Siberia in which a metro system was established (the Novosibirsk Metro, opened in 1986). The city is served by Novosibirsk Tolmachevo Airport with regular flights to Europe and Asia and other Russian cities. Tolmachevo is the hub for S7 Airlines.
Amongst several other former Soviet Olympians, Novosibirsk has the distinction of being the hometown of Alexander Karelin, the 12-time world champion Greco-Roman wrestler (including 3 Olympic gold and 1 Olympic silver medals), voted by FILA as the greatest Greco-Roman wrestler of the 20th century.
- HC Sibir Novosibirsk - ice hockey team playing in the Russian Hockey Super League
- FC Sibir Novosibirsk - football team playing in the Russian First Division
- Sibirtelekom-Lokomotiv Novosibirsk - basketball team playing in the Men's Russian Basketball Super League
- Dynamo-Energiya Novosibirsk - basketball team playing in the Women's Russian Basketball Super League
 External links
- TPC map 1:500 000
- Google map
- Alexandre Telnov's photographic introduction to Novosibirsk and Akademgorodok
 Further reading
- Nevzgodin, Ivan; The Architecture of Novosibirsk; Rotterdam: Episode Publishers; 2005; ISBN 90-5973-032-1
|Image:Novosibirsk Oblast coa.gif||Cities and towns in Novosibirsk Oblast||Image:Flag of Russia.svg|
| Administrative center: Novosibirsk|
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