Learn more about November 7
November 7 is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 54 days remaining.
- 1492 - The Ensisheim Meteorite, the oldest meteorite with a known date of impact, struck the earth around noon in a wheat field outside the village of Ensisheim, Alsace, France.
- 1665 - The London Gazette, the oldest surviving journal, is first published.
- 1786 - The oldest musical organization in the United States was founded as the Stoughton Musical Society.
- 1811 - Tecumseh's War: The Battle of Tippecanoe was fought near present-day Battle Ground, Indiana, United States.
- 1837 - In Alton, Illinois, abolitionist printer Elijah P. Lovejoy is shot dead by a mob while attempting to protect his printing shop from being destroyed a third time.
- 1848 - U.S. presidential election, 1848: Zachary Taylor is elected president in the first US presidential election held in every state on the same day.
- 1861 - American Civil War: Battle of Belmont: In Belmont, Missouri, Union forces led by General Ulysses S. Grant overrun a Confederate camp but are forced to retreat when Confederate reinforcements arrive.
- 1874 - A cartoon by Thomas Nast in Harper's Weekly, is considered the first important use of an elephant as a symbol for the United States Republican Party
- 1885 - In Craigellachie, British Columbia, construction ends on the Canadian Pacific Railway railway extending across Canada.
- 1893 - Women in the U.S. state of Colorado are granted the right to vote.
- 1910 - The first air freight shipment (from Dayton, Ohio, to Columbus, Ohio) is undertaken by the Wright Brothers and department store owner Max Moorehouse.
- 1912 - The Deutsche Opernhaus (now Deutsche Oper Berlin) opens in the Berlin neighborhood of Charlottenburg, with a production of Beethoven's Fidelio.
- 1914 - The first issue of The New Republic magazine is published.
- 1914 - The German colony of Kiaochow Bay and its centre at Tsingtao are captured by Japanese forces.
- 1916 - U.S. presidential election, 1916: Democrat Woodrow Wilson is re-elected President of the United States by defeating Republican Charles Evans Hughes. Meanwhile, Jeannette Rankin of Montana, running as a Progressive Republican, becomes the first woman elected to the United States House of Representatives.
- 1917 - Russian Revolution: In Petrograd, Russia, Bolshevik leaders Vladimir Lenin and Leon Trotsky lead revolutionaries in overthrowing the Provisional Government (As Russia is still using the Julian Calendar, subsequent period references show an October 25 date).
- 1917 - World War I: Third Battle of Gaza ends: British forces capture Gaza from the Ottoman Empire.
- 1918 - The 1918 influenza epidemic spreads to Western Samoa, killing 7,542 (about 20% of the population) by the end of the year.
- 1929 - In New York City, the Museum of Modern Art opens to the public.
- 1932 - Buck Rogers in the 25th Century airs on radio for the first time.
- 1933 - Fiorello H. LaGuardia is elected the 99th mayor of New York City.
- 1934 - Premiere of Rachmaninoff's Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini at the Lyric Opera House in Baltimore, Maryland, United States.
- 1940 - In Tacoma, Washington, the middle section of the Tacoma Narrows Bridge collapses in a windstorm, a mere four months after the bridge's completion.
- 1941 - Jewish tragedy in Nemyriv, Ukraine: German fascists murder 2580 Jews. Earlier in September, 1941 2,400 Jews were shot by German Nazis at the brickworks near Nemyriv.
- 1944 - U.S. presidential election, 1944: Franklin D. Roosevelt wins re-election over challenger Thomas E. Dewey, to become the only U.S. president to be elected to a fourth term.
- 1956 - Suez Crisis: The United Nations General Assembly adopts a resolution calling for the United Kingdom, France and Israel to immediately withdraw their troops from Egypt.
- 1957 - Cold War: The Gaither Report calls for more American missiles and fallout shelters.
- 1962 - Richard M. Nixon loses the gubernatorial election in the U.S. state of California. In his concession speech, he states that this is his "last press conference" and that "you won't have Dick Nixon to kick around any more".
- 1963 - Wunder von Lengede: In Germany, eleven miners are rescued from a collapsed mine after 14 days.
- 1967 - US President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Public Broadcasting Act of 1967, establishing the Corporation for Public Broadcasting.
- 1972 - U.S. presidential election, 1972: Republican incumbent Richard Nixon defeats Democratic Senator George McGovern.
- 1973 - The U.S. Congress overrides President Richard M. Nixon's veto of the War Powers Resolution, which limits presidential power to wage war without congressional approval.
- 1983 - 1983 United States Senate bombing: a bomb explodes inside the U.S. Capitol Building.
- 1987 - In Tunisia, president Habib Bourguiba is overthrown and replaced by Prime Minister Zine El Abidine Ben Ali.
- 1989 - Douglas Wilder wins the governor's seat in Virginia, becoming the first elected African American governor in the United States.
- 1989 - David Dinkins becomes the first African American mayor of New York City.
- 1989 - East German Prime Minister Willi Stoph, along with his entire cabinet, is forced to resign after huge anti-government protests.
- 1991 - Basketball player Magic Johnson announces he has tested positive for HIV (the virus that causes AIDS) and that he is retiring.
- 1992 - The Party for Socialist Turkey is founded.
- 1996 - NASA launches the Mars Global Surveyor.
- 1996 - A Nigerian Boeing 727 crashes into a lagoon 40 miles southeast of Lagos, killing 143.
- 2000 - U.S. presidential election, 2000: Democratic Vice President Al Gore wins the popular vote against Republican Texas Governor George W. Bush, but the final outcome is not known for over a month because of disputed votes in Florida.
- 2000 - Hillary Rodham Clinton is elected to the United States Senate, becoming the first former First Lady to win a public office in the United States.
- 2001 - Bankruptcy of Belgium's SABENA Airlines.
- 2001 - The supersonic commercial aircraft Concorde resumes flying after a 15-month break.
- 2002 - Iran bans advertising of United States products.
- 2004 - War in Iraq: The interim government of Iraq calls for a 60-day "state of emergency" as U.S. forces storm the insurgent stronghold of Fallujah.
- 2006 - A deadly tornado strikes Japan.
- 2006 - Democrats gain control of both houses of Congress in the midterm elections for the first time since 1994.
- 2006 - In the U.S. midterm elections, Democrat Keith Ellison of Minnesota becomes the first Muslim elected to the United States House of Representatives.
- 994 - Ibn Hazm, Arab philosopher (d. 1069)
- 1598 - Francisco Zurbarán, Spanish painter (d. 1664)
- 1619 - Gédéon Tallemant des Réaux, French writer (d. 1692)
- 1650 - John Robinson, English diplomat (d. 1723)
- 1687 - William Stukeley, English archaeologist (d. 1765)
- 1750 - Friedrich Leopold Graf zu Stolberg, German poet (d. 1819)
- 1818 - Emil du Bois-Reymond, German physician (d. 1896)
- 1832 - Andrew Dickson White, American co-founder and first president of Cornell University (d. 1918)
- 1838 - Auguste Villiers de l'Isle-Adam, French writer (d. 1889)
- 1846 - Ignaz Brüll, Austrian pianist (d. 1907)
- 1851 - Chris von der Ahe, German born entrepreneur (d. 1913)
- 1860 - Jean-Baptiste Eugène Estienne, French general (d. 1936)
- 1867 - Maria Sklodowska-Curie, Polish-born chemist and physicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in physics and in chemistry (d. 1934)
- 1875 - Mikhail Kalinin, Soviet politician (d. 1946)
- 1876 - Charlie Townsend, English cricketer (d. 1958)
- 1878 - Lise Meitner, Austrian/American chemist and physicist Nobel Prize in Chemistry for the discovery of nuclear fission (d. 1968)
- 1879 - King Baggot, American actor (d. 1948)
- 1879 - Leon Trotsky, Russian revolutionary (d. 1940)
- 1886 - Aron Nimzowitsch, Latvian-born chess player (d. 1935)
- 1888 - Sir C. V. Raman, Indian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1970)
- 1893 - Leatrice Joy, American actress (d. 1985)
- 1897 - Herman J. Mankiewicz, American writer, director, and producer (d. 1953)
- 1898 - Raphaël Salem, Greek mathematician (d. 1963)
- 1901 - Norah McGuinness, Northern Irish painter and illustrator (d. 1980)
- 1903 - Dean Jagger, American actor (d. 1991)
- 1903 - Konrad Lorenz, Austrian zoologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1989)
- 1905 - William Alwyn, English composer (d. 1985)
- 1913 - Albert Camus, French writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1960)
- 1914 - Archie Campbell, American comedian, writer (d. 1987)
- 1915 - Philip Morrison, American scientist (d. 2005)
- 1918 - Billy Graham, American evangelist
- 1918 - Paul Aussaresses, French general
- 1922 - Al Hirt, American trumpeter (d. 1999)
- 1926 - Dame Joan Sutherland, Australian operatic soprano
- 1927 - Hiroshi Yamauchi, Japanese computer game executive
- 1929 - Eric R. Kandel, Austrian-born neuroscientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
- 1937 - Mary Travers, American singer (Peter, Paul and Mary)
- 1938 - Jim Kaat, American baseball player
- 1942 - Johnny Rivers, American singer and composer
- 1942 - Jean Shrimpton, British supermodel and actress
- 1943 - Stephen Greenblatt, American literary critic
- 1943 - Boris Gromov, Russian general
- 1943 - Joni Mitchell, Canadian musician
- 1943 - Michael Spence, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate
- 1944 - Joe Niekro, American baseball player (d. 2006)
- 1944 - Luigi Riva, Italian footballer
- 1944 - Ken Patera, American professional wrestler
- 1954 - Kamal Haasan, Indian actor
- 1955 - Detlef Ultsch, German judoka
- 1956 - Judy Tenuta, American comedienne
- 1957 - Christopher Knight, American actor
- 1960 - Tommy Thayer, American guitarist (KISS)
- 1962 - Tracie Savage, American actress and journalist
- 1963 - John Barnes, English footballer
- 1964 - Dana Plato, American actress (d. 1999)
- 1964 - Gill Holland, American producer
- 1965 - Sigrun Wodars, German athlete
- 1967 - Sharleen Spiteri Scottish singer and songwriter (Texas)
- 1968 - Greg Tribbett, American musician (Mudvayne)
- 1969 - Hélène Grimaud, French pianist
- 1970 - Neil Hannon, Northern Irish musician (The Divine Comedy)
- 1970 - Andy Houston, American NASCAR driver
- 1970 - Morgan Spurlock, American director and producer
- 1971 - Robin Finck, American musician
- 1972 - Jason London, American actor
- 1972 - Jeremy London, American actor
- 1972 - Danny Grewcock, English rugby union player
- 1972 - Christopher Daniel Barnes, American actor
- 1973 - Yunjin Kim, South Korean actress
- 1976 - Mark Philippoussis, Australian tennis player
- 1976 - Melyssa Ford, Canadian model and actress
- 1978 - Rio Ferdinand, English footballer
- 1979 - Will Demps, American football player
- 1979 - Jon Peter Lewis, American singer
- 1979 - Danny Fonseca, Costa Rican footballer
- 1980 - Gervasio Deferr, Spanish gymnast
- 1981 - Lily Thai, Asian porn star
- 1981 - Muhammad Hassan, professional wrestler
- 1986 - Sol Aranza, Mexican voice actress
- 1225 - Engelbert II of Berg, Archbishop of Cologne
- 1581 - Richard Davies, Welsh bishop and scholar
- 1599 - Gasparo Tagliacozzi, Italian surgeon (b. 1546)
- 1633 - Cornelius Jacobszoon Drebbel, Dutch inventor (b. 1572)
- 1639 - Thomas Arundell, 1st Baron Arundell of Wardour, English politician
- 1642 - Henry Montagu, 1st Earl of Manchester, English politician
- 1713 - Elizabeth Barry, English actress (b. 1658)
- 1837 - Elijah P. Lovejoy, American abolitionist (b. 1809)
- 1872 - Alfred Clebsch, German mathematician (b. 1833)
- 1906 - Heinrich Seidel, German engineer, poet and writer (b. 1842)
- 1910 (O.S.) - Leo Tolstoy, Russian novelist (b. 1828)
- 1913 - Alfred Russel Wallace, British naturalist and biologist (b. 1823)
- 1922 - Sam Thompson, baseball player (b. 1860)
- 1943 - Dwight Frye, American actor (b. 1899)
- 1944 - Richard Sorge, Soviet spy (b. 1895)
- 1959 - Victor McLaglen, British-born actor (b. 1883)
- 1962 - Eleanor Roosevelt, First Lady of the United States (b. 1884)
- 1966 - Rube Bressler, Baseball player (b. 1894)
- 1967 - John Nance Garner, U.S. Congressman and Vice President (b. 1868)
- 1968 - Alexander Gelfond, Russian mathematician (b. 1906)
- 1974 - Eric Linklater, British author (b. 1899)
- 1978 - Gene Tunney, heavyweight boxing champion (b. 1897)
- 1980 - Steve McQueen, American actor (b. 1930)
- 1983 - Germaine Tailleferre, French composer (b. 1892)
- 1991 - Carter Cornelius, American R&B musician (Cornelius Brothers & Sister Rose) (b. 1948)
- 1992 - Alexander Dubček, Slovakian politician (b. 1921)
- 1992 - Jack Kelly, American actor (b. 1927)
- 1994 - Shorty Rogers, American jazz musician (b. 1924)
- 1996 - Jaja Wachuku, Nigerian Lawyer and First Foreign Affairs Minister (b. 1918)
- 2000 - C Subramaniam, Indian politician (b. 1910)
- 2001 - Nida Blanca, Filipino actress (b. 1936)
- 2002 - Rudolf Augstein, German publisher (b. 1923)
- 2004 - Howard Keel, American actor (b. 1919)
- 2005 - Anthony Sawoniuk, Belarusian-born Nazi war criminal (b. 1921)
- 2006 - Bryan Pata, American football defensive tackle (University of Miami) (murdered) (b. 1981)
- 2006 - Johnny Sain, American baseball pitcher (b. 1917)
- 2006 - Jean-Jacques Servan-Schreiber, French journalist (b. 1924)
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November 6 - November 8 - October 7 - December 7 – listing of all days
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