Learn more about November 1
November 1 is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 60 days remaining.
- 241 - Battle of Samhain fought in Ireland.
- 996 - Emperor Otto III issues a deed to Gottschalk, Bishop of Freising, which is the oldest known document using the name Ostarrîchi (Austria in Old High German).
- 1512 - The ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, painted by Michelangelo, is exhibited to the public for the first time.
- 1520 - The Strait of Magellan, the passage immediately south of mainland South America, connecting the Pacific and the Atlantic Oceans, is first navigated by Ferdinand Magellan during his global circumnavigation voyage.
- 1592 - At the Battle of Busan, the outnumbered Korean navy defeats a larger Japanese army.
- 1604 - William Shakespeare's tragedy Othello is presented for the first time, at Whitehall Palace in London.
- 1611 - William Shakespeare's romantic comedy The Tempest is presented for the first time, at Whitehall Palace in London.
- 1612 - (22 October O.S.) Time of Troubles in Russia: Moscow, Kitai-gorod, is captured by Russian troops under command of Dmitry Pozharsky
- 1683 - The British crown colony of New York is subdivided into 12 counties.
- 1755 - Lisbon earthquake: In Portugal, Lisbon is destroyed by a massive earthquake and tsunami, killing between sixty thousand and ninety thousand people.
- 1765 - The British Parliament enacts the Stamp Act on the 13 colonies in order to help pay for British military operations in North America.
- 1790 - Edmund Burke publishes Reflections on the Revolution in France, in which he predicts that the French Revolution will end in a disaster.
- 1800 - US President John Adams becomes the first President of the United States to live in the Executive Mansion (later renamed the White House).
- 1802 - Delegates meet at Chillicothe, Ohio to form a state constitutional convention.
- 1848 - In Boston, Massachusetts, the first medical school for women, The Boston Female Medical School (which later merged with the Boston University School of Medicine), opens.
- 1859 - The current Cape Lookout, North Carolina, lighthouse was lit for the first time. Its first-order Fresnel lens can be seen for about 19 miles (30 kilometers), in good conditions.
- 1861 - American Civil War: US President Abraham Lincoln appoints George McClellan as the commander of the Union Army, replacing the aged General Winfield Scott.
- 1870 - In the United States, the Weather Bureau (later renamed the National Weather Service) makes its first official meteorological forecast.
- 1876 - New Zealand's provincial government system is dissolved.
- 1884 - The Gaelic Athletic Association is set up in Hayes's Hotel in Thurles, County Tipperary.
- 1894 - Nicholas II becomes the new Tsar of Russia after his father, Alexander III, dies.
- 1896 - A picture showing the unclad (bare) breasts of a woman appears in National Geographic magazine for the first time.
- 1901 - Sigma Phi Epsilon, the largest national men's collegiate fraternity is established at Richmond College, in Richmond, VA.
- 1911 - The first dropping of a bomb from an airplane in combat, during the Italo-Turkish War.
- 1914 - World War I: the first British Royal Navy defeat of the war with Germany, the Battle of Coronel, is fought off of the western coast of Chile, in the Pacific.
- 1918 - Malbone Street Wreck: the worst rapid transit accident in US history occurs under the intersection of Malbone Street and Flatbush Avenue, Brooklyn, New York City, with at least 93 deaths.
- 1918 - Western Ukraine gains its independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
- 1922 - The last sultan of the Ottoman Empire, Mehmed VI, abdicates.
- 1938 - Seabiscuit defeats War Admiral in an upset victory during a match race deemed "the match of the century" in horse racing.
- 1939 - The first rabbit born after artificial insemination is exhibited to the world.
- 1943 - World War II: United States Marines, the 3rd Marine Division, land on Bougainville in the Solomon Islands.
- 1943 - World War II: In support of the landings on Bougainville, U.S. aircraft carrier forces attack the huge Japanese base at Rabaul.
- 1944 - World War II: Units of the British Army land at Walcheren in the Netherlands.
- 1945 - The official North Korean newspaper, Rodong Sinmun, is first published under the name Chongro.
- 1946 - The New York Knicks played against the Toronto Huskies at the Maple Leaf Gardens, in the first Basketball Association of America game. The Knicks would win 68-66.
- 1948 - Off southern Manchuria, 6,000 people are killed as a Chinese merchant ship explodes and sinks.
- 1950 - Puerto Rican nationalists Griselio Torresola and Oscar Collazo attempt to assassinate US President Harry S. Truman at Blair House.
- 1950 - Pope Pius XII witnesses "The Miracle of the Sun" while at the Vatican"<ref>Joseph Pelletier "The Sun Danced at Fatima", Doubleday, New York (1983),pp150,151</ref>
- 1950 - Pope Pius XII claims Papal Infallibility when he formally defines the dogma of the Assumption of Mary.
- 1951 - American soldiers are exposed to an atomic explosion for training purposes in Desert Rock, Nevada. Participation was not voluntary.
- 1952 - Operation Ivy - The United States successfully detonates the first large hydrogen bomb, codenamed "Mike" ["M" for megaton], in the Eniwetok atoll, located in the Marshall Islands in the central Pacific Ocean. The explosion had a yield of 10 megatons.
- 1954 - The Front de Libération Nationale fires the first shots of the Algerian War of Independence.
- 1955 - The bombing of United Airlines Flight 629 occurs.
- 1955 - The Famous Flames, a band featuring James Brown, records "Please, Please, Please" at a radio station in Macon, Georgia.
- 1956 - Formation of Indian State of Andhra Pradesh with its capital as Hyderabad, formerly known as Nizam State.
- 1956 - Formation of the Indian state of Karnataka (1973), formerly known as Mysore State.
- 1956 - Formation of Kerala state in India.
- 1957 - The Mackinac Bridge, the world's longest suspension bridge between anchorages at the time, opens to traffic connecting Michigan's upper and lower peninsulas.
- 1960 - While campaigning for President of the United States, John F. Kennedy announces his idea of the Peace Corps.
- 1963 - The Arecibo Observatory in Arecibo, Puerto Rico, with the largest radio telescope ever constructed, officially opens.
- 1966 - The National Football League awards the city of New Orleans an NFL franchise, the New Orleans Saints. (The franchise is sold on an All Saints Day, hence the team moniker.)
- 1968 - "Wonderwall Music" by George Harrison, the first Beatle solo album, is released by Apple Records.
- 1969 - After seven years off the top position on the music sales charts, Elvis Presley hits number one on the Billboard Hot 100 chart for the final time with his song "Suspicious Minds."
- 1970 - A fire at a dance hall in Saint-Laurent-du-Pont, France kills 144 young people.
- 1971 - A funeral is held for guitarist Duane Allman, who had been killed in a motorcycle accident, in Macon, Georgia. The Allman Brothers Band perform several songs at the funeral.
- 1973 - Watergate Scandal: Leon Jaworski is appointed as the new Watergate Special Prosecutor.
- 1981 - Antigua and Barbuda gain independence from the United Kingdom.
- 1988 - Sub Pop Records issues the first release from Nirvana, "Love Buzz/Big Cheese."
- 1990 - A New York City civil jury awards Sandra Miller only $100 for battery, after an incident in which pro boxer Mike Tyson allegedly seized her breasts and insulted her; the jury found Tyson's behavior "not outrageous".
- 1993 - The Maastricht Treaty takes effect, formally establishing the European Union.
- 1994 - George Lucas leaves the day-to-day operations of his film-making business, and he starts a sabbatical. While on sabbatical, he writes the prequel section of the Star Wars movies.
- 1998 - The European Court of Human Rights is instituted.
- 2005 - First part of the Gomery Report, which discusses allegations of political money manipulation, is released in Canada.
- 846 - Louis the Stammerer, King of West Francia (d. 879)
- 1339 - Duke Rudolf IV of Austria (d. 1365)
- 1351 - Duke Leopold III of Austria (d. 1386)
- 1530 - Étienne de La Boétie, French judge and writer (d. 1563)
- 1539 - Pierre Pithou, French lawyer and scholar (d. 1596)
- 1567 - Diego Sarmiento de Acuña, conde de Gondomar, Spanish diplomat (d. 1626)
- 1578 - Dmitry Pozharsky, Russian prince (d. 1642)
- 1585 - Jan Brożek, Polish mathematician, physician, and astronomer (d. 1652)
- 1607 - Georg Philipp Harsdorffer, German poet (d. 1658)
- 1611 - François-Marie, comte de Broglie, Italian-born French commander (d. 1656)
- 1636 - Nicolas Boileau-Despréaux, French poet and critic (d. 1711)
- 1643 - John Strype, English historian and biographer (d. 1737)
- 1661 - Florent Carton Dancourt, French dramatist and actor (d. 1725)
- 1704 - Paul Daniel Longolius, German encylopedist (d. 1779)
- 1720 - Toussaint-Guillaume Picquet de la Motte, French admiral (d. 1791)
- 1727 - Ivan Ivanovich Shuvalov, founder of the Moscow University (d. 1797)
- 1762 - Spencer Perceval, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1812)
- 1778 - Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden (d. 1837)
- 1782 - Frederick John Robinson, 1st Viscount Goderich, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1859)
- 1808 - John Taylor, American religious leader (d. 1887)
- 1847 - Emma Albani, Canadian soprano (d. 1930)
- 1860 - Boies Penrose, United States Senator from Pennsylvania (d. 1921)
- 1871 - Stephen Crane, American writer (d. 1900)
- 1877 - Roger Quilter, British composer (d. 1953)
- 1878 - Konrad Mägi, Estonian painter (d. 1925)
- 1878 - Carlos Saavedra Lamas, Argentine politician, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1959)
- 1880 - Sholom Asch, Polish-born American writer (d. 1957)
- 1880 - Grantland Rice, American sports writer (d. 1954)
- 1880 - Alfred Wegener, German meteorologist and geophysicist (d. 1930)
- 1881 - Edward Van Sloan, American actor (d. 1964)
- 1886 - Hermann Broch, Austrian author (d. 1951)
- 1887 - L. S. Lowry, British painter of industrial scenes (d. 1976)
- 1889 - Philip Noel-Baker, Baron Noel-Baker, Canadian-born peace activist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1982)
- 1892 - Alexander Alekhine, Russian-born chess player (d. 1946)
- 1902 - Eugen Jochum, German conductor (d. 1987)
- 1903 - Max Adrian, Irish actor (d. 1973)
- 1905 - Paul-Émile Borduas, Québécois painter (d. 1960)
- 1914 - Moshe Teitelbaum, Hassidic rabbi (d. 2006)
- 1920 - James Kilpatrick, American Journalist
- 1921 - John W. Peterson, American songwriter (d. 2006)
- 1923 - Gordon R. Dickson, Canadian author (d. 2001)
- 1923 - Victoria de los Angeles, Spanish soprano (d. 2005)
- 1924 - Jean-Luc Pépin, French Canadian politician (d. 1995)
- 1926 - Lou Donaldson, American jazz alto saxophonist
- 1929 - Betsy Palmer, American actress
- 1929 - Nicholas Mavroules, U.S. Congressman from Massachusetts (d. 2003)
- 1930 - A.R. Gurney, Playwright
- 1932 - John Clark, Actor/Director
- 1932 - Al Arbour, National Hockey League player and coach
- 1934 - Umberto Agnelli, Swiss-born automobile executive (d. 2004)
- 1934 - William Mathias, British composer (d. 1992)
- 1935 - Gary Player, South African golfer
- 1935 - Edward Said, Palestinian-born literary critic (d. 2003)
- 1937 - Bill Anderson, American country music singer and songwriter
- 1939 - Barbara Bosson, American actress
- 1940 - Ramesh Chandra Lahoti, Chief Justice of India
- 1940 - Barry Sadler, American singer (d. 1989)
- 1941 - Alfio Basile, Argentine football coach
- 1942 - Larry Flynt, American magazine publisher
- 1942 - Ralph Klein, Premier of Alberta
- 1943 - Salvatore Adamo, popular singer
- 1946 - Ric Grech, English rock bassist (Family, Ginger Baker's Air Force, Traffic) (d. 1990)
- 1946 - Dennis Muren, American special effects artist
- 1946 - Lynne Russell, ex-CNN news anchor
- 1947 - Mike Mendoza, British radio personality
- 1948 - James Richard Steinman American songwriter
- 1948 - Phil Myre, National Hockey League goaltender
- 1949 - Michael D. Griffin, NASA chief administrator
- 1950 - Robert B. Laughlin, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
- 1950 - Dan Peek, American guitarist (America)
- 1951 - Ronald Bell, American singer and saxophonist (Kool & the Gang)
- 1951 - Fabrice Luchini, French actor
- 1955 - Beth Leavel, American musical theatre actress
- 1957 - Lyle Lovett, American singer
- 1957 - Carlos Paião, Portuguese singer (d. 1988)
- 1958 - Rachel Ticotin, American actress
- 1960 - Fernando Valenzuela, Major League Baseball pitcher (Los Angeles Dodgers)
- 1962 - Anthony Kiedis, American singer (Red Hot Chili Peppers)
- 1963 - Rick Allen, British drummer (Def Leppard)
- 1963 - Monty Sopp, American professional wrestler
- 1964 - Daran Norris, American actor
- 1966 - Barbara Becker, German actress; ex-wife of Boris Becker
- 1967 - Sophie B. Hawkins, American musician
- 1967 - Tina Arena, Australian singer
- 1968 - Park Shin-yang, South Korean actor
- 1969 - Tie Domi, Canadian hockey player
- 1971 - Vikram Chatwal, Indian hotelier
- 1972 - Jenny McCarthy, American "Playmate of the Year" and TV actress
- 1972 - Toni Collette, Australian actress
- 1972 - Paul Dickov, Scottish footballer
- 1973 - Aishwarya Rai, Indian actress
- 1973 - Geoff Horsfield, English footballer
- 1974 - VVS Laxman, Indian cricketer
- 1976 - Matt Chapman, American cartoonist and voice actor
- 1978 - Manju Warrier, Indian actress
- 1976 - Logan Marshall-Green, American actor
- 1979 - Coco Crisp, baseball player
- 1979 - Milan Dudić, Serbia and Montenegro football player
- 1985 - Dizzee Rascal, British rapper
- 1986 - Penn Badgley, American actor
- 1296 - Guillaume Durand, French writer
- 1391 - Amadeus VII of Savoy (b. 1360)
- 1399 - John V, Duke of Brittany (b. 1339)
- 1546 - Giulio Romano, Italian painter
- 1588 - Jean Daurat, French poet (b. 1508)
- 1596 - Pierre Pithou, French lawyer and scholar (b. 1539)
- 1642 - Jean Nicolet, French explorer (b. 1598)
- 1676 - Gisbertus Voetius, Dutch theologian (b. 1589)
- 1678 - William Coddington, first Governor of Rhode Island (b. 1601)
- 1700 - Charles II of Spain (b. 1661)
- 1814 - Alexander Samoylov, Russian general and statesman (b. 1744)
- 1888 - Nikolai Przhevalsky, Russian explorer (b. 1838)
- 1894 - Tsar Alexander III of Russia (b. 1845)
- 1903 - Theodor Mommsen, German writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1817)
- 1907 - Alfred Jarry, French writer (b.1873).
- 1942 - Hugo Distler, German composer (b. 1908)
- 1955 - Dale Carnegie, American writer (b. 1888)
- 1962 - Ricardo Rodríguez, Mexican racing driver (b. 1942)
- 1968 - George Papandreou, Greek politician (b. 1888)
- 1972 - Ezra Pound, American poet (b. 1885)
- 1979 - Mamie Eisenhower, First Lady of the United States (b. 1896)
- 1982 - King Vidor, American film director (b. 1894)
- 1982 - James Broderick, American actor (b. 1927)
- 1983 - Anthony van Hoboken, Dutch musicologist (b. 1887)
- 1985 - Phil Silvers, American actor and comedian (b. 1911)
- 1986 - Serge Garant, French Canadian composer and conductor (b. 1929)
- 1987 - René Lévesque, Premier of Quebec (b. 1922)
- 1993 - Severo Ochoa, Spanish–born biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1905)
- 1999 - Walter Payton, American football player (b. 1954)
- 1999 - Jean Coutu, Canadian actor (b. 1925)
- 2004 - Mac Dre, American rapper (b. 1970)
- 2004 - Terry Knight, American music promoter (murdered) (b. 1943)
- 2005 - Skitch Henderson, English-born bandleader (b. 1918)
- 2005 - Michael Piller, American screenwriter (b. 1948)
- 2006 - William Styron, American author (b. 1925)
- 2006 - Adrienne Shelly, American actress (b. 1966)
 Holidays and observances
- Mexico- Day of the Dead celebrations begin.
- Roman festivals - last day of the Ludi Victoriae Sullanae.
- Catholicism - Holy Day of Obligation, All Saints Day. Holiday in Austria, Belgium, Croatia, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Lithuania, Mexico, Peru, the Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Seychelles, Slovenia, Spain, Guatemala.
- Also see November 1 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
- Algeria - National day
- Antigua and Barbuda - Independence Day (from Britain, 1981)
- Ireland - Samhain the traditional first day of Winter
- World Vegan Day
- United States - Start of National Novel Writing Month
- India-Kerala- State formation day (kerala piravi dinam-malayalam language)
- India-Karnataka- Kannada Rajyotsava
- India-Andhra Pradesh- State formation day
 External links
October 31 - November 2 - October 1 - December 1 - more historical anniversaries
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