North Ossetia-Alania

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Republic of North Ossetia-Alania
Республика Северная Осетия-Алания
Цӕгат Ирыстоны Аланийы Республикӕ
   
Image:Flag of North Ossetia.svg Image:NorthOssetia-AlaniaCoatofArms.png
Flag of North Ossetia-Alania Coat of arms of North Ossetia-Alania
Image:RussiaNorthOssetia-Alania2005.png
Capital Vladikavkaz
Area

- total
- % water

Ranked 84th

- 8,000 km²
- negligible

Population

- Total
- Density

Ranked 68th

- est. 710,275 (2002)
- est. 88.8/km²

Political status Republic
Federal district Southern Federal District
Economic Region North Caucasus
Cadaster # 15
Official languages Russian, Ossetic
Head of the Republic Taimuraz Dzambekovich Mamsurov
Prime-Minister Alan Georgiyevich Boradzov
Legislature {{{LegiNm}}}
Anthem

The Republic of North Ossetia-Alania (Russian: Респу́блика Се́верная Осе́тия–Ала́ния; Ossetic: Цӕгат Ирыстоны Аланийы Республикӕ) is a federal subject of Russia (a republic). The direct transliteration of the Russian name of the republic is Respublika Severnaya Osetiya-Alaniya. Its name in Ossetic transliterates as Căgat Irystony Alanijy Respublikă.

Contents

[edit] History

Main article: History of North Ossetia-Alania

[edit] Geography

The Republic is located in the northern Caucasus. The northern part of the republic is situated in the Stavropol Plain. 22% of the republic's territory is covered by forests.

[edit] Time zone

North Ossetia-Alania is located in the Moscow Time Zone (MSK/MSD). UTC offset is +0300 (MSK)/+0400 (MSD).

[edit] Rivers

All of the republic's rivers belong to the basin of the Terek River. Major rivers include:

[edit] Mountains

Image:LocationNorthOssetia-Alania.png
Map of the region with the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania highlighted
Image:North ossetia map.png
Map of North Ossetia

All of the mountains located on the territory of the republic are a part of the Caucasus. Mount Dzhimara is the highest point (4,780 m), with Mount Ulipata being the second highest (4,638 m).

[edit] Natural Resources

Natural resources include minerals (copper, silver, zinc), timber, mineral waters, hydroelectric power, and untapped reserves of oil and gas.

[edit] Climate

Climate is moderately continental.

  • Average January temperature: −5°C
  • Average July temperature: +24°C
  • Average annual precipitation: 400-700 mm in the plains, over 1,000 mm in the mountains.

[edit] Administrative divisions

Main article: Administrative divisions of North Ossetia-Alania

[edit] Demographics

The Ossetian population of North Ossetia is predominantly Christian (with pagan overtones) with a Muslim minority, speaking Ossetic and Russian.

According to the 2002 Census, Ossetians at 445,310 make up 62.7% of the republic's population. Other groups include Russians (164,734, or 23.2%), Ingush (21,442, or 3.0%), Armenians (17,147, or 2.4%), Kumyks (12,659, or 1.8%), Georgians (10,803, or 1.5%), Ukrainians (5,198, or 0.7%), Chechens (3,383, or 0.5%), and a host of smaller groups, each accounting for less than 0.5% of the total population. 3,283 people (0.5%) did not indicate their nationalities during the Census. In 2004 birth rate was 11.16 .

  • Population: 710,275 (2002)
    • Urban: 464,875 (65.5%)
    • Rural: 245,400 (34.5%)
    • Male: 336,035 (47.3%)
    • Female: 374,240 (52.7%)
  • Females per 1000 males: 1,114
  • Average age: 33.8 years
    • Urban: 34.2 years
    • Rural: 32.9 years
    • Male: 30.4 years
    • Female: 36.9 years
  • Number of households: 200,191 (with 690,806 people)
    • Urban: 143,397 (with 447,884 people)
    • Rural: 56,794 (with 242,922 people)

[edit] Politics

The head of government in the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania is the Head of the Republic. As of 2005, the head of the republic is Taimuraz Dzambekovich Mamsurov. Mamsurov succeeded Alexander Dzasokhov, who voluntarily quit his post on May 31, 2005.

[edit] Economy

Despite the inevitable economic burden of a sizeable refugee population, North Ossetia is the most well-to-do republic in the northern Caucasus. It is the most urbanized and the most industrialized, with factories producing metals (lead, zinc, tungsten, etc.), electronics, chemicals, and processed foods.

Local agriculture focuses primarily on livestock, especially sheep and goats, and the cultivation of grains, fruit, and cotton.

[edit] Transportation

There is an airport in Vladikavkaz. Overall, the transport infrastructure is well-developed, with railroads and automobile roads being the principal means of transportation. The famous Georgian Military Road connects Vladikavkaz with Transcaucasia.

[edit] Culture

There are six professional theaters in North Ossetia-Alania.

[edit] Education

The most important facilities of higher education include North Caucasus State Technological University, North Ossetian State University, North Ossetian State Medical Academy, and Mountain State Agrarian University; all located in Vladikavkaz.

[edit] Religion

The most common religions are Russian Orthodox Church and Islam. However, many of the rituals have pagan overtones.

[edit] See also

[edit] External links

[edit] General

[edit] Education

[edit] Mass media

Administrative divisions of Russia Image:Flag of Russia.svg
Federal subjects
Republics Adygea | Altai | Bashkortostan | Buryatia | Chechnya | Chuvashia | Dagestan | Ingushetia | Kabardino-Balkaria | Karelia | Khakassia | Komi | Kalmykia | Karachay-Cherkessia | Mari El | Mordovia | North Ossetia-Alania | Sakha | Tatarstan | Tuva | Udmurtia
Krais Altai | Khabarovsk | Krasnodar | Krasnoyarsk1 | Perm | Primorsky | Stavropol
Oblasts Amur | Arkhangelsk | Astrakhan | Belgorod | Bryansk | Chelyabinsk | Chita | Irkutsk2 | Ivanovo | Kaliningrad | Kaluga | Kamchatka3 | Kemerovo | Kirov | Kostroma | Kurgan | Kursk | Leningrad | Lipetsk | Magadan | Moscow | Murmansk | Nizhny Novgorod | Novgorod | Novosibirsk | Omsk | Orenburg | Oryol | Penza | Pskov | Rostov | Ryazan | Sakhalin | Samara | Saratov | Smolensk | Sverdlovsk | Tambov | Tomsk | Tula | Tver | Tyumen | Ulyanovsk | Vladimir | Volgograd | Vologda | Voronezh | Yaroslavl
Federal cities Moscow | St. Petersburg
Autonomous oblast Jewish
Autonomous okrugs Aga Buryatia | Chukotka | Evenkia1 | Khantia-Mansia | Koryakia3 | Nenetsia | Taymyria1 | Ust-Orda Buryatia2 | Yamalia
  1. On January 1, 2007, Evenk and Taymyr Autonomous Okrugs will be merged into Krasnoyarsk Krai.
  2. On January 1, 2008, Ust-Orda Buryat Autonomous Okrug will be merged into Irkutsk Oblast.
  3. On July 1 2007, Kamchatka Oblast and Koryak Autonomous Okrug will merge to form Kamchatka Krai.
Federal districts
Central | Far Eastern | Northwestern | Siberian | Southern | Urals | Volga


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