Learn more about North Ossetia-Alania
| Ranked 84th |
- 8,000 km²
| Ranked 68th|
- est. 710,275 (2002)
|Federal district||Southern Federal District|
|Economic Region||North Caucasus|
|Official languages||Russian, Ossetic|
|Head of the Republic||Taimuraz Dzambekovich Mamsurov|
|Prime-Minister||Alan Georgiyevich Boradzov|
The Republic of North Ossetia-Alania (Russian: Респу́блика Се́верная Осе́тия–Ала́ния; Ossetic: Цӕгат Ирыстоны Аланийы Республикӕ) is a federal subject of Russia (a republic). The direct transliteration of the Russian name of the republic is Respublika Severnaya Osetiya-Alaniya. Its name in Ossetic transliterates as Căgat Irystony Alanijy Respublikă.
- Main article: History of North Ossetia-Alania
- Area: 8,000 km²
- Highest point: Mount Dzhimara, 4,780 m
- Maximum N->S distance: 130 km.
- Maximum E->W distance: 120 km.
 Time zone
All of the republic's rivers belong to the basin of the Terek River. Major rivers include:
- Terek River (~600 km)
- Urukh River (104 km)
- Ardon River (101 km)
- Kambileyevka River (99 km)
- Gizeldon River (81 km)
- Fiagdon River
- Sunzha River
All of the mountains located on the territory of the republic are a part of the Caucasus. Mount Dzhimara is the highest point (4,780 m), with Mount Ulipata being the second highest (4,638 m).
 Natural Resources
Climate is moderately continental.
- Average January temperature: −5°C
- Average July temperature: +24°C
- Average annual precipitation: 400-700 mm in the plains, over 1,000 mm in the mountains.
 Administrative divisions
- Main article: Administrative divisions of North Ossetia-Alania
According to the 2002 Census, Ossetians at 445,310 make up 62.7% of the republic's population. Other groups include Russians (164,734, or 23.2%), Ingush (21,442, or 3.0%), Armenians (17,147, or 2.4%), Kumyks (12,659, or 1.8%), Georgians (10,803, or 1.5%), Ukrainians (5,198, or 0.7%), Chechens (3,383, or 0.5%), and a host of smaller groups, each accounting for less than 0.5% of the total population. 3,283 people (0.5%) did not indicate their nationalities during the Census. In 2004 birth rate was 11.16 .
- Population: 710,275 (2002)
- Urban: 464,875 (65.5%)
- Rural: 245,400 (34.5%)
- Male: 336,035 (47.3%)
- Female: 374,240 (52.7%)
- Females per 1000 males: 1,114
- Average age: 33.8 years
- Urban: 34.2 years
- Rural: 32.9 years
- Male: 30.4 years
- Female: 36.9 years
- Number of households: 200,191 (with 690,806 people)
- Urban: 143,397 (with 447,884 people)
- Rural: 56,794 (with 242,922 people)
The head of government in the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania is the Head of the Republic. As of 2005, the head of the republic is Taimuraz Dzambekovich Mamsurov. Mamsurov succeeded Alexander Dzasokhov, who voluntarily quit his post on May 31, 2005.
Despite the inevitable economic burden of a sizeable refugee population, North Ossetia is the most well-to-do republic in the northern Caucasus. It is the most urbanized and the most industrialized, with factories producing metals (lead, zinc, tungsten, etc.), electronics, chemicals, and processed foods.
There is an airport in Vladikavkaz. Overall, the transport infrastructure is well-developed, with railroads and automobile roads being the principal means of transportation. The famous Georgian Military Road connects Vladikavkaz with Transcaucasia.
There are six professional theaters in North Ossetia-Alania.
The most important facilities of higher education include North Caucasus State Technological University, North Ossetian State University, North Ossetian State Medical Academy, and Mountain State Agrarian University; all located in Vladikavkaz.
 See also
 External links
- (Russian) Official website of the President of the Republic.
- (Russian) Official website of the Parliament of the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania.
- (English)Russian News Agency Ria Novosty.
- (Russian) Ossetia—History, culture, politics, news.
- Pictures of North Ossetia-Alania (in Esperanto).
- (English) (Russian) Welcome to North Ossetia (by Toma Kulaeva) (also in Ossetic).
- (Russian) North Ossetian State University.
- (Russian) North Ossetian State Medical Academy.
- (Russian) Higher Institute of Management.
- (English) Institute of Civilization.
 Mass media
- (Russian) Electronic version of the North Ossetia (Severnaya Osetiya) republican newspaper.
- (Russian) North Ossetian information portal 15th Region (15y Region).