Nizhny Novgorod Oblast

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Nizhny Novgorod Oblast (Russian: Нижегоро́дская о́бласть) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). The oblast has an area of 76,900 km², and a population of 3,524,028 (as of 2002 All-Russian Population Census). Its administrative center is the city of Nizhny Novgorod. With a population of 1.3 million, Nizhny Novgorod is the largest city of the region and the 4th largest city of the Russian Federation, after Moscow, Saint Petersburg, and Novosibirsk.

The area is crossed by the Volga River. Apart from Nizhny's metropolitan area, the biggest city is Arzamas. In the town of Sarov, there is the largest and holiest convent in Russia. Makaryev Monastery opposite the town of Lyskovo used to be location of the largest fair in Eastern Europe. Other historic towns include Gorodets and Balakhna, located on the Volga to the north from Nizhny Novgorod.

Contents

[edit] Geography

Nizhny Novgorod Oblast borders Kostroma Oblast (N), Kirov Oblast (NE), Mari El (E), Chuvashia (E), Mordovia (S), Ryazan Oblast (SW), Vladimir Oblast (W) and Ivanovo Oblast (NW).

[edit] Time zone

Nizhny Novgorod Oblast is located in the Moscow Time Zone (MSK/MSD). UTC offset is +0300 (MSK)/+0400 (MSD).

[edit] Natural resources

Nizhny Novgorod Oblast is not rich in natural resources, which are, mostly, limited to commercial deposits of sand (including titanium-zirconium sands), clay, gypsum, peat, mineral salt, and timber.

[edit] The sights

The unique architectural construction – the 128 m steel lattice hyperboloid tower built by the Great Russian engineer and scientist Vladimir Grigorievich Shukhov in 1929 is located near the town of Dzerzhinsk on the left bank of the Oka River.

[edit] Administrative divisions

[edit] Demographics

According to the 2002 Census, Ethnic Russians at 3,346,398 made up 95% of the region's population. Other ethnic groups included Tatars (50,609, or 1.4%), Mordva (25,022, or 0.7%), Ukrainians (24,241, or 0.7%), and various smaller groups, each accounting for less than 0.5% of the republic's total population.  758 persons (0.02%) did not indicate their nationalities during the Census.

  • Population: 3,524,028 (2002)
    • Urban: 2,754,997
    • Rural: 769,031
    • Male: 1,600,609 (45.4%)
    • Female: 1,923,419 (54.6%)
  • Females per 1000 males: 1202
  • Median age: 39.8
    • Urban: 39.1
    • Rural: 43.3
    • Male: 36.1
    • Female: 42.7
  • Number of households: 1,362,027 (with 3,465,935 people)
    • Urban: 1,051,602 (with 2,720,077 people)
    • Rural: 310,425 (with 745,858 people)

[edit] Economy

As Nizhny Novgorod Oblast is not rich in natural resources, the regional economy has been focused on developing its industrial and processing sectors, R&D and transport, which produce almost 80% the Gross Regional Product (GRP).

There are 722 industrial companies in the region, most of them engaged in the following sectors:

  • Machine-building and engineering
  • Chemical & petrochemical
  • Fuel & energy
  • Ferrous and non-ferrous metallurgy
  • Construction materials
  • Glass
  • Wood and paper
  • Cloth-making
  • Food & food processing
  • Medical & pharmaceuticals
  • Printing & publishing.

These key industries are supplemented by other sectors of the economy such as agriculture, trade, services, communications and transport.

According to preliminary estimations, in 2002, the GRP of the Nizhny Novgorod region totaled US$ 5.6 billion, where the industrial and transportation companies produced US$ 4.5 billion. The regional companies demonstrated 6.6% growth in output, which is higher than the national growth in Russia for the last year. In 2002, high growth was registered in machine-building (+13.6%), fuel industry (+49%), ferrous metallurgy (+8.9%), wood & paper production (+2.4%), and printing & publishing (+6.2%). Foreign investment in the region totaled US$84.5 million with 95% of them invested into industrial enterprises. In 2003, the regional government forecast minimum 3.8% growth of industrial output.

Administrative divisions of Russia Image:Flag of Russia.svg
Federal subjects
Republics Adygea | Altai | Bashkortostan | Buryatia | Chechnya | Chuvashia | Dagestan | Ingushetia | Kabardino-Balkaria | Karelia | Khakassia | Komi | Kalmykia | Karachay-Cherkessia | Mari El | Mordovia | North Ossetia-Alania | Sakha | Tatarstan | Tuva | Udmurtia
Krais Altai | Khabarovsk | Krasnodar | Krasnoyarsk1 | Perm | Primorsky | Stavropol
Oblasts Amur | Arkhangelsk | Astrakhan | Belgorod | Bryansk | Chelyabinsk | Chita | Irkutsk2 | Ivanovo | Kaliningrad | Kaluga | Kamchatka3 | Kemerovo | Kirov | Kostroma | Kurgan | Kursk | Leningrad | Lipetsk | Magadan | Moscow | Murmansk | Nizhny Novgorod | Novgorod | Novosibirsk | Omsk | Orenburg | Oryol | Penza | Pskov | Rostov | Ryazan | Sakhalin | Samara | Saratov | Smolensk | Sverdlovsk | Tambov | Tomsk | Tula | Tver | Tyumen | Ulyanovsk | Vladimir | Volgograd | Vologda | Voronezh | Yaroslavl
Federal cities Moscow | St. Petersburg
Autonomous oblast Jewish
Autonomous okrugs Aga Buryatia | Chukotka | Evenkia1 | Khantia-Mansia | Koryakia3 | Nenetsia | Taymyria1 | Ust-Orda Buryatia2 | Yamalia
  1. On January 1, 2007, Evenk and Taymyr Autonomous Okrugs will be merged into Krasnoyarsk Krai.
  2. On January 1, 2008, Ust-Orda Buryat Autonomous Okrug will be merged into Irkutsk Oblast.
  3. On July 1 2007, Kamchatka Oblast and Koryak Autonomous Okrug will merge to form Kamchatka Krai.
Federal districts
Central | Far Eastern | Northwestern | Siberian | Southern | Urals | Volga
bg:Нижегородска област

ca:Província de Nijni Nóvgorod cv:Чулхула облаçĕ de:Oblast Nischni Nowgorod et:Nižni Novgorodi oblast eo:Niĵnij-Novgoroda provinco ko:니즈니노브고로드 주 hr:Nižnjenovgorodska oblast it:Oblast' di Nižnij Novgorod nl:Oblast Nizjni Novgorod ja:ニジニ・ノヴゴロド州 mk:Нижегородска област no:Nizjnij Novgorod oblast nn:Nizjegorod oblast pl:Obwód niżegorodzki ru:Нижегородская область fi:Nižni Novgorodin alue zh:下诺夫哥罗德州

Nizhny Novgorod Oblast

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