Learn more about News Corporation
| News Corporation
<tr><td colspan="2" style="text-align:center; padding:16px 0 16px 0;">Image:News Corp.PNG</td></tr>
|Type||Public: (NYSE: NWS, NYSE: NWSa, ASX: NWS, LSE: NCRA)|
|Founded||Adelaide, Australia (1979)|
|Headquarters|| Incorporated in Wilmington, Delaware, USA, headquartered in New York City
<tr><th style="text-align:right; padding-right:0.75em;">Key people</th><td>Rupert Murdoch, CEO and Chairman
News Corporation (abbreviated to News Corp) (NYSE: NWS, NYSE: NWSa, ASX: NWS, LSE: NCRA) is one of the world's largest media conglomerates. Its chief executive officer is Rupert Murdoch, who created the Fox Broadcasting Company in 1986.
News Corporation is a public company listed on the New York Stock Exchange and the Australian Stock Exchange and as a secondary listing on the London Stock Exchange. Formerly incorporated in Adelaide, Australia, the company was re-incorporated in the United States state of Delaware after a majority of shareholders approved the move on 12 November 2004.
Revenue for the year ended 30 June 2005 was $23.859 billion. This does not include News Corporation's share of the revenue of businesses in which it owns a minority stake, which include two of its most important assets, DirecTV and BSkyB. Almost 70% of the company's sales come from its US businesses.
News Corporation was created in 1980 by Rupert Murdoch as a holding company for News Limited. News Limited was created by Murdoch from the assets he inherited in 1952 following the death of his father, Sir Keith Murdoch, and subsequent expansion. The main asset left to him was ownership of the Adelaide News.
In 1986 and 1987, News Corp (through subsidiary News International) moved to adjust the production process of its British newspapers, over which the printing unions had long maintained a highly restrictive grip. A number of senior Australian media moguls were brought into Murdoch's powerhouse, including the infamous John Dux, who was managing director of the South China Post. This led to a confrontation with the printing unions NGA and SOGAT. The move of News International's London operation to Wapping in the East End resulted in nightly battles outside the new plant. Delivery vans and depots were frequently and violently attacked. Ultimately the unions capitulated and other media companies soon followed Murdoch's lead in the Wapping dispute.
 Moving into the United States
Murdoch had made his first acquisition in the United States in 1973, when he purchased the San Antonio Express-News. Soon afterwards he founded the National Star, a supermarket tabloid, and in 1976 he purchased the New York Post. In 1981 News Corp. bought half the movie studio 20th Century Fox, buying the other half in 1984. In 1985 News Corp. announced it was buying the Metromedia group of stations, setting the stage for the launch of a fourth U.S. broadcast network. On September 4, 1985, Murdoch became a naturalized citizen to satisfy the legal requirement that only United States citizens could own American television stations. In 1986, the Metromedia deal closed, and the Fox Broadcasting Company was launched. This network, known on-screen only as "Fox", can now be picked up in over 96% of U.S. households. In 1987 he bought The Herald and Weekly Times Ltd in Australia, the company that his father had once managed. By 1991, his Australian-based News Corp. had amassed huge debts, which forced Murdoch to sell many of the American magazine interests he had acquired in the mid-1980s. Much of this debt came from his British-based Sky Television satellite network, which incurred massive losses in its early years of operation, which (like many of his business interests) was heavily subsidized with profits from his other holdings until he was able to force rival satellite operator British Satellite Broadcasting to accept a merger on his terms in 1990. (The merged company, BSkyB has dominated the British pay-TV market since).
In 1995, the Fox network became the object of scrutiny from the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) when it was alleged that its Australian base made Murdoch's ownership of Fox illegal. The FCC, however, ruled in Murdoch's favor, stating that his ownership of Fox was in the public's best interests. In the same year News Corp announced a deal with MCI Communications to develop a major news website as well as funding a conservative news magazine, The Weekly Standard. In the same year, News Corp launched the Foxtel pay television network in Australia in a partnership with Telstra and Publishing and Broadcasting Limited.
In 1996, Fox established the Fox News Channel, a 24-hour cable news station. Since its launch it has eroded CNN's market share, and it now bills itself as "the most-watched cable news channel." This is due in part to recent ratings studies, released in the fourth quarter of 2004, showing that the network had nine of the top ten programs in the "Cable News" category.
In 1999, News Corp significantly expanded its music holdings in Australia by acquiring the controlling share in a leading Australian independent label, Michael Gudinski's Mushroom Records; he merged the two as Festival Mushroom Records (FMR). Both Festival and FMR were managed by Murdoch's son James Murdoch for several years.
As of August 2005 the Murdoch family owns about 29% of the company. Nearly all of these shares are voting shares, and Rupert Murdoch retains effective control of the company. Nonetheless John Malone of Liberty Media has built up a larger stake of 32%, but only around half of these shares are voting shares. Saudi prince Alwaleed bin Talal al Saud who is an investing tycoon and chairman of the Kingdom Holding Company said in an interview with Charlie Rose that he had about a 6-7% stake in News Corp. <ref>"Murdoch's son sees pay doubled ahead of exit"</ref><ref>http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=5248387077652418022&q=alwaleed&hl=en</ref>.
 Corporate governance
Current members of the board of directors of News Corporation are: Peter Barnes, Chase Carey, Peter Chernin, Kenneth Cowley, David DeVoe, Viet Dinh, Rod Eddington, Andrew Knight, Lachlan Murdoch, Rupert Murdoch (chairman), Rod Paige, Thomas Perkins, Arthur Siskind, Jose Maria Aznar, and John L. Thornton.
- The Australian (Nationwide)
- The Weekend Australian (Nationwide)
- The Courier-Mail (Queensland)
- The Sunday Mail (Queensland)
- The Cairns Post (Cairns, Queensland)
- The Gold Coast Bulletin (Gold Coast, Queensland)
- The Townsville Bulletin (Townsville, Queensland)
- The Daily Telegraph (New South Wales)
- The Sunday Telegraph (New South Wales)
- The Herald Sun (Victoria)
- The Sunday Herald Sun (Victoria)
- The Weekly Times (Victoria)
- MX (Melbourne and Sydney CBD)
- The Geelong Advertiser (Geelong, Victoria)
- The Advertiser (South Australia)
- The Sunday Mail (South Australia)
- Messenger Newspapers (South Australia)
- The Sunday Times (Western Australia)
- The Mercury (Tasmania)
- The Sunday Tasmanian (Tasmania)
- Northern Territory News (Northern Territory)
- The Sunday Territorian (Northern Territory)
- Fiji Times (National)
- Papua New Guinea
- Papua New Guinea Post-Courier (National)
- UK newspapers, published by subsidiaries of News International Ltd.
- US newspapers and magazines
- the New York Post
- TV Guide, via partial ownership of Gemstar-TV Guide
- The Weekly Standard (Washington, D.C.)
- Alpha Magazine
- Love it! (UK based Magazine)
- InsideOut (UK Based Magazine)
- The Travel Magazine (UK Based Magazine)
- Dannii (UK Based Magazine)
- 50% of National Rugby League (Australia and New Zealand)
- Majority ownership of the Brisbane Broncos, Melbourne Storm and North Queensland Cowboys rugby league teams.
- 20th Century Fox film production company
- Fox Searchlight
- Fox Television Studios
- Fox Studios Australia, Sydney, New South Wales
- Fox Studios Baja, Rosarito, Baja California
- Blue Sky Studios
- Fox Entertainment Group
- Fox Broadcasting Company (FOX), a US broadcast television network
- My Network TV, a US broadcast television network
- Fox Television Stations Group, a group of owned and operated FOX television stations
- bTV, a broadcast television network in Bulgaria
- b1TV, a broadcast television network in Romania, in partnership with S.C. NEWS ROMANIA S.A.
- Fox Televizija, a broadcast television network in Serbia
- ANTV, a private television station in Indonesia, under the administration and label of STAR TV
- TGRT, a Turkish terrestrial channel
- Imedi Media Holding, a Georgian radio and TV broadcaster part-owned by News Corporation
- ITV, a british broacast television network and the UK's largest advertising revenue based broadcaster 17.5%
 Satellite television
- BSkyB, United Kingdom (39.1% holding).
- DirecTV Group, North and South America (38.6% holding)
- Foxtel, Australia (25% holding)
- Sky Italia, Italian satellite TV service
- STAR TV, an Asian satellite TV service
- Tata Sky, an Indian DTH TV service (20% holding)
- SKY Network Television , New Zealand (More than 40%)
- Fox College Sports, College Sports Network that consisits of 3 regionally aligned channels
- Fox Movie Channel, an all-movie channel that airs commercial-free movies from 20th Century Fox film library
- Fox News Channel, a 24-hour news channel
- Fox Reality, a 'Reality TV'-themed channel
- Fox Sports Net, a chain of US regional cable television networks broadcasting local sporting events linked together by national sports news programming. Local channels include "Fox Sports Southwest", "Fox Sports Bay Area", etc. (some affiliates still owned by Cablevision).
- Fox Soccer Channel, a United States digital cable network specializing mainly in soccer.
- Fox Sports en Español, a Spanish-language North American cable sports network; its sports lineup is tailored to appeal to a Latin American audience.
- Fox Sports en Latinoamérica, a Mexico-based Latin American satellite and cable sports network.
- Foxtel (25%), Australia's largest satellite and cable pay TV provider, a joint venture with Telstra and Publishing and Broadcasting Limited
- FX Networks, a cable network broadcasting reruns of programming previously shown on other channels, but recently creating its own programming, including the Emmy Award-winning program The Shield.
- National Geographic Channel (joint venture with National Geographic Magazine) 67%
- National Geographic Channel International 50%
- Fox International Channels
- SPEED Channel
- Fuel Channel
- Big Ten Channel
- MySpace - Social networking website. (Acquired through purchase of Intermix Media).
- Grab.com - Entertainment/Games. (Acquired through purchase of Intermix Media)
- IGN Entertainment - Internet entertainment portal (Includes the sites IGN, GameSpy, Rotten Tomatoes and Askmen.com)
- News.com.au - Australian-oriented news website
- What if Sports.com
 Other assets
- (NDS) - Conditional access technology and personal digital video recorders (PVRs)
- Broadsystem Ltd (UK) - Telephony provider for media companies, bought in 1991
- Broadsystem Australia (Australia)
- Broadsystem Ventures (UK) - provider of cheap-rate telephone calls, particularly for customers of Sky Television. Bought outright in 1999.
- Jamba! - Mobile Entertainment/Mobile Handsets Personalization/Games. 51% majority stake acquired through deal with VeriSign in September 2006.
 External links
- News Corporation official site
- Ketupa - News Corporation profile with history and holdings
- News Corp. Corporate Timeline - Columbia Journalism Review This Site has not been updated since 2004.
- Broadsystem - official site for News International subsidiary